Navigation Links
Universal rules discovered that allow anticipation of critical transitions
Date:2/15/2013

Sudden shifts in complex systems such as the climate, financial markets, ecosystems and even the human body can be preceded by surprisingly comparable warning signals. It is crucial to be able to predict such transitions, but this is notoriously difficult. In a presentation for the 2013 AAAS meeting, Marten Scheffer presents recent work revealing that systems that are on the verge of a critical transition often emit comparable signals.

At first glance, it appears improbable that a climate shift, an epileptic seizure, the collapse of a fish population or a sudden transition in a financial system have something in common. However, Marten Scheffer from Wageningen University explains that completely different systems such as the brain, the climate and financial markets obey certain universal laws when they are at a critical transition point that make it possible to recognise early warning signals. This has to do with a phenomenon that is known in mathematics as 'Critical Slowing Down', implying that recovery from small perturbations becomes slow in the vicinity of tipping points.

Since Scheffer and colleagues postulated this idea in a Nature publication in 2009, an avalanche of studies, including eight publications in Nature and Science has provided evidence. Scheffer now makes up the balance but also show that related families of generic early warning signals exist. For instance, certain universal features determine whether complex networks such as webs of species or webs of financial institutes will be robust or fragile.

Despite the overwhelming growth of evidence for these revolutionary ideas, Scheffer emphasises that the applications for universal warning signals are still in their infancy. He has launched an interdisciplinary research program 'SparcS' (http://www.sparcs-center.org/ ) that is now exploring applications in medical sciences as well as
'/>"/>

Contact: Marten Scheffer
Marten.Scheffer@wur.nl
31-641-804-880
Wageningen University and Research Centre
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Victory stance may be a universal gesture of triumph -- not pride -- study suggests
2. Flu antibody’s one-handed grab may boost effort toward universal vaccine, new therapies
3. Shark rules need teeth, groups tell IUCN
4. Unexpected crustacean diversity discovered in northern freshwater ecosystems
5. University of Alberta led research may have discovered how memories are encoded in our brains
6. Newly discovered foot points to a new kid on the hominin block
7. New immune defense enzyme discovered
8. New genetic mechanism of immune deficiency discovered
9. Housekeeping mechanism for brain stem cells discovered
10. Scientists have discovered genes that increase the risk of osteoporosis and fractures
11. New form of intellectual disability discovered
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/19/2014)... , Dec. 18, 2014 Research and Markets ... of the "Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 The ... at a CAGR of 3.6% from 2014 to 2019. ... this market, Canada is expected ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... , Dec. 15, 2014  HITLAB SM ... Clinical Practices (GCP) audit to confirm its adherence ... regulations. This accomplishment enables HITLAB to conduct regulated ... the highest principles for patient safety and research ... global healthcare access, quality, and delivery with innovative ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... , Dec. 09, 2014 Research and ... ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/twhjll/biometrics_market ) has ... in the APAC Region 2015-2019"  report to their ... in this market is advances in technology. With ... upgrade biometric solutions to the latest standard that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 2Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 3HITLAB Completes GCP Audit for FDA Smart Device & App Compliance 2Biometrics Market in the APAC Region 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, NEC, Safran and Suprema 2
... of RNA inhibits prostate cancer metastasis by suppressing a surface ... team led by scientists at The University of Texas MD ... at Nature Medicine . "Our findings are the ... stem cells and also establish a strong rationale for developing ...
... Houston University of Houston professor Richard C. ... American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), which ... of the journal Science . Willson is ... and biophysical sciences. He was recognized by the AAAS ...
... the fossil record to understand the evolutionary and ... their environment--are putting the dead to work. ... emerging field provides examples of how the fossil ... species will be most vulnerable to environmental changes, ...
Cached Biology News:MicroRNA suppresses prostate cancer stem cells and metastasis 2University of Houston professor named 2010 AAAS Fellow 2Putting the dead to work 2Putting the dead to work 3
(Date:12/19/2014)... 2014 Research and Markets ( ... "Technology Innovations in Smart Fabrics (Technical Insights)" ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 The Research ... a detailed assessment on technological advancements and market ... 1. The Smart Fabrics market is ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... December 18, 2014 Today, ... its pilot production facility and future company headquarters ... produce innovative new materials that safely and effectively ... only because of its historic, strong support for ... to attract leading edge, technology-based companies such as ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Ed Bilsky, Ph.D., vice president for Research ... in the Neurosciences (CEN), and professor of pharmacology at ... a member of the prestigious Dana Alliance for Brain ... to receive this honor. , The Dana Alliance ... Dana Foundation. Its mission is to advance public ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Boston, MA (PRWEB) December 18, 2014 ... software, announced the appointment of Siri Bryant as the ... the new Director of Core Implementations. These two new ... provide outstanding customer service by ensuring that iLab continues ... , “In the last four years, iLab has been ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Technology Innovations in Smart Fabrics (Technical Insights) 2Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 2Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 3Technology Company TiFiber™ to Establish Production Facility in Fort Smith, Arkansas with Support from Local Investors 4UNE's Ed Bilsky Named Member of Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives 2UNE's Ed Bilsky Named Member of Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives 3iLab Solutions Announces Two New Leadership Positions to Meet the Needs of Its Growing Customer Base 2
... Dec. 1, 2011  InnoPharma, Inc., a developer of sterile ... completed a $15 million Series A round of private ... Partners. "We are very pleased that InnoPharma,s ... has allowed us to attract an outstanding investor, whose ...
... Ltd. - (OTCBB: HADSY), a publicly traded portfolio of ... owned by the Hadassah University Hospital, Israel,s foremost medical ... companies have received grant approvals from the Israeli Office ... Industry, Trade and Labor. These approvals ...
... Dec. 1, 2011 Quanterix Corporation, a company enabling ... its revolutionary Si ngle Mo lecule ... been awarded a one year $250,155 contract from the ... capable of detecting single molecules of botulinum toxin (BoNT) ...
Cached Biology Technology:InnoPharma Completes $15 Million Series A Financing 2Hadasit Bio-Holdings Ltd. Reports Significant External Financing for Portfolio Companies 2Quanterix Receives Funding From the Department of Homeland Security to Develop Test for Botulinum Toxin 2Quanterix Receives Funding From the Department of Homeland Security to Develop Test for Botulinum Toxin 3
...
...
... the Quansys Biosciences Q-Plex Array is a ... for human, mouse, and rat research. The ... quantitative ELISA-based test where 4 distinct capture ... of a 96-well plate in a defined ...
Caliper offers a wide array of standard LabChip products designed to be used in combination with our AMS 90 and LabChip 3000 microfluidic platforms....
Biology Products: