Navigation Links
Universal donor immune cells
Date:7/25/2011

One of the latest attempts to boost the body's defenses against cancer is called adoptive cell transfer, in which patients receive a therapeutic injection of their own immune cells. This therapy, currently tested in early clinical trials for melanoma and neuroblastoma, has its limitations: Removing immune cells from a patient and growing them outside the body for future re-injection is extremely expensive and not always technically feasible.

Weizmann Institute scientists have now tested in mice a new form of adoptive cell transfer, which overcomes these limitations while enhancing the tumor-fighting ability of the transferred cells. The research, reported recently in Blood, was performed in the lab of Prof. Zelig Eshhar of the Institute's Immunology Department, by graduate student Assaf Marcus and lab technician Tova Waks.

The new approach should be more readily applicable than existing adoptive cell transfer treatments because it relies on a donor pool of immune T cells that can be prepared in advance, rather than on the patient's own cells. Moreover, using a method pioneered by Prof. Eshhar more than two decades ago, these T cells are outfitted with receptors that specifically seek out and identify the tumor, thereby promoting its destruction.

In the study, the scientists first suppressed the immune system of mice with a relatively mild dose of radiation. They then administered a controlled dose of the modified donor T cells. The mild suppression temporarily prevented the donor T cells from being rejected by the recipient, but it didn't prevent the cells themselves from attacking the recipient's body, particularly the tumor. This approach was precisely what rendered the therapy so effective: The delay in the rejection of the donor T cells gave these cells sufficient opportunity to destroy the tumor.

If this method works in humans as well as it did in mice, it could lead to an affordable cell transfer therapy for a wide variety of cancers. Such therapy would rely on an off-the-shelf pool of donor T cells equipped with receptors for zeroing in on different types of cancerous cells.


'/>"/>

Contact: Yivsam Azgad
news@weizmann.ac.il
972-893-43856
Weizmann Institute of Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Discovery of natural antibody brings a universal flu vaccine a step closer
2. Johns Hopkins scientists expose cancer cells universal dark matter
3. Adjuvant combo shows potential for universal influenza vaccine
4. New report underlines the threat to universal access to HIV prevention, treatment and care due to a slow-down in treatment scale-up and waning political will
5. Human rights protections essential in drive for universal access
6. At opening of XVIII International AIDS Conference, scientific, community and political leaders applaud recent progress toward universal access and urge continued momentum to finish what weve started
7. New steps toward a universal flu vaccine
8. ASU scientists develop universal DNA reader to advance faster, cheaper sequencing efforts
9. Poorer diabetics receive worse care than other in countries with universal health coverage
10. Bug barcode readers hold out promise of universal vaccines
11. Biologists discover death stench is a universal ancient warning signal
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/3/2017)...  Data captured by IsoCode, IsoPlexis Corporation,s ... statistically significant association between the potency of ... objective response of cancer patients post-treatment. The ... cancer patients will respond to CAR-T cell ... to improve both pre-infusion potency testing and cell ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... The research team of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University ... adopting ground breaking 3D fingerprint minutiae recovery and matching technology, pushing ... for use in identification, crime investigation, immigration control, security of access ... ... A research team led by Dr Ajay ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... , March 29, 2017  higi, the health ... in North America , today announced ... and the acquisition of EveryMove. The new investment and ... set of tools to transform population health activities through ... lifestyle data. higi collects and secures data ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2017)... , ... April 27, 2017 , ... ... for digital pathology, today announced their digital pathology technology has the potential to ... by five medical centers in The Netherlands as part of the 2017 ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... California (PRWEB) , ... April 27, 2017 , ... ... new infographic explaining why mass flow controllers based on capillary thermal mass flow ... industrial gas mass flow control applications. Over 80% of all industrial processes—such ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... -- Kinexum, a distinguished resource for research, development and commercialization ... Thomas C. Seoh as President and CEO. Mr. ... who becomes Executive Chairman and will continue to serve ... Thomas Seoh commented, "I am excited and ... the firm,s remarkable team of life science professionals, all ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 26, 2017 , ... Baltimore bio tech firm, ... security screening solution at the National Postal Forum 2017 in Baltimore, Maryland, May ... highly accurate, easy to use and low cost threat detection solution for government ...
Breaking Biology Technology: