Navigation Links
United we stand: When cooperation butts heads with competition
Date:4/30/2008

Phrases such as survival of the fittest and every man for himself may seem to accentuate the presence of political and social competition in American culture; however, there obviously are similar instances of inter- and intra-group conflict across almost all known organisms. So what makes competition so prevalent for life and why does it sometimes seem to be preferred over cooperation?

Psychologists Nir Halevy, Gary Bornstein and Lilach Sagiv from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem have taken a step closer to answering those questions with a recent study exploring individual preferences for inter-group conflict or intra-group cohesiveness in humans.

Participants were divided into two groups and presented with a set of 10 tokens, each worth two money units (MU), and a scenario: each individual can contribute any number of tokens into two pools, the within-group pool (pool W) or the between-group pool (pool B). Contributing a token to pool W increases everyones stash, including the contributor, by one MU without affecting the other group, whereas contributing to pool B adds one MU to everyones collection in the in-group and subtracts one MU from the out-groups supplies.

Therefore, the participants have a clear choice to either contribute to the in-group without harming anyone, or actively choosing to damage the out-group.

Previous studies on the topic indicated that individuals would often choose to compete with any opposing group; however, the game used to measure those studies failed to give participants the option of leaving the other group alone. Specifically, the only choices were to keep all of the tokens or to give tokens to the in-group while subtracting tokens from the out-group. By adding the new option of keeping all money within the in-group, the psychologists allowed participants to strengthen their own group without damaging the other.

In the authors words: Contributing to pool W clearly indicates a coo
'/>"/>

Contact: Katie Kline
kkline@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300 x133
Association for Psychological Science
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Cells united against cancer
2. Secure Services Corp. Achieves Milestone in United States Identity Protection with the Launch of the SSC SHAPE Card Management Solution
3. Tiny dust particles from Asian deserts common over western United States
4. Poor Americans in the United States suffer hidden burden of parasitic and other neglected diseases
5. United Water, in partnership with Stevens, wins Management Innovation Award
6. Ingram Micro to Distribute New Fujitsu Biometric Login Products for Novell eDirectory in United States
7. Together we stand: bacteria organize to survive hostile zones
8. Lockheed Martin Advances Biometrics Portfolio Through Cooperation Agreement With Cognitec
9. Proteins strength lies in h-bond cooperation
10. Secrets of cooperation between trees and fungi revealed
11. Outstanding German-Polish scientific cooperation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/1/2015)... -- According to a new market research ... (Touch-based & Touchless), Application (Consumer Electronics, Automotive, & Others), ... Global Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the Gesture ... $23.55 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR of 28.23% ... market data T ables and   86   ...
(Date:6/1/2015)... 1, 2015 According to ... Market by Application (Government, Military & Defense, Healthcare, ... and Security), Technology (Face Recognition, Fingerprint Recognition, Iris ... Recognition, and Others), Function (Contact and Non-Contact) & ... Europe , APAC, Row) - Global ...
(Date:5/29/2015)... 2015 Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/2w6zgs/facial ... "Facial Recognition Market by Solution, by Software, by ... 2020" report to their offering. ... technology become more efficient and cost effective. This ... investment from the commercial sector. The development of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Gesture Recognition & Touchless Sensing Market Worth $23.55 Billion by 2020 2Gesture Recognition & Touchless Sensing Market Worth $23.55 Billion by 2020 3Gesture Recognition & Touchless Sensing Market Worth $23.55 Billion by 2020 4Next Generation Biometrics Market Worth $24,448.84 Million by 2020 2Next Generation Biometrics Market Worth $24,448.84 Million by 2020 3Next Generation Biometrics Market Worth $24,448.84 Million by 2020 4Global advanced Facial Recognition Market Expected to Grow From $2.77 Billion in 2015 to $6.19 Billion in 2020, at an Estimated CAGR of 17.4% 2
... sulfate supplementation before preterm delivery cuts the risk for ... by University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) obstetrician Dwight ... of The New England Journal of Medicine. , ... affecting control of movement and posture and limiting activity. ...
... Genetics, and working in conjunction with Society in ... exploring new avenues in the relationship between science and ... where authorship really matters. Based on a powerful authorship ... to its corresponding author. In this way readers can ...
... A 75-million-year-old fossil of a pregnant turtle and a nest ... southeastern Alberta by scientists and staff from the University of ... ideas on the evolution of egg-laying and reproduction in turtles ... of a pregnant turtle has been found and the description ...
Cached Biology News:Common treatment to delay labor decreases preterm infants' risk for cerebral palsy 2Common treatment to delay labor decreases preterm infants' risk for cerebral palsy 3ETH Zurich-administered fund ends scientific anonymity 2Ancient mother spawns new insight on reptile reproduction 2
(Date:6/2/2015)... Apache Junction, AZ (PRWEB) June 02, 2015 ... of light microscope technology, Yancy Corporation is ... with any desired material and biological sample, displaying the ... and electron bonds between atoms. , Jeff Porter, Co-Founder ... new physics are just that – rare. They come ...
(Date:6/2/2015)... 2, 2015 MGB Biopharma ... resistance problem  MGB Biopharma, a biopharmaceutical ... to address the major global problem of antibiotic ... stable intravenous (IV) formulation of MGB-BP-3, designed for the ... The intravenous formulation of MGB-BP-3 is ...
(Date:6/2/2015)... June 02, 2015 German-based Moenninghoff has ... States distributor for the Moenninghoff product line . ... am pleased to announce that the R.M. Hoffman Company ... our firm, founded in 1916, this is a strategically ... is the kind of professional distributor we need to ...
(Date:6/2/2015)... Orleans, LA (PRWEB) June 02, 2015 ... custom gene synthesis to improve protein expression, announced the ... board includes six executives and entrepreneurs with a broad ... software industries. , The team includes: , Jimmy ... Fund: , Roussel has a background in technology and ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Scientists Eying Rare Discovery Of New Physics & Light Microscope Technology 2MGB Biopharma Succeeds in Developing an IV Formulation of MGB-BP-3 for the Treatment of Systemic Susceptible and Resistant Gram-Positive Hospital-Acquired Infections 2MGB Biopharma Succeeds in Developing an IV Formulation of MGB-BP-3 for the Treatment of Systemic Susceptible and Resistant Gram-Positive Hospital-Acquired Infections 3R.M. Hoffman Company designated official United States distributor for the Moenninghoff product line. 2R.M. Hoffman Company designated official United States distributor for the Moenninghoff product line. 3GenoCAD Announces New Board of Advisors, Improves Protein Expression Using Custom Gene Synthesis 2GenoCAD Announces New Board of Advisors, Improves Protein Expression Using Custom Gene Synthesis 3
... New statistics just released reveal that R&D investment in ... in 2008, an increase of 3 percent from 2007, ... Company, a San Francisco based global leader in life ... Equity, Merchant Banking and Media and the Washington DC-based ...
... March 10 Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: AMLN ... Annual Health Care Conference on Tuesday, March 17, ... Boston. Daniel M. Bradbury, president and chief executive officer ... presentation and breakout session will be webcast, and a recording ...
... FM53 mask with its ISI developed SCBA systemBALTIMORE, March ... respiratory protection, Avon Protection Systems - a subsidiary of ... for Occupational Safety and Health) approval for its new ... division. The ST53 system combines Avon,s tactical FM53 dual ...
Cached Biology Technology:R&D Spending by U.S. Biopharmaceutical Companies Increases 3 Percent in 2008 2R&D Spending by U.S. Biopharmaceutical Companies Increases 3 Percent in 2008 3Avon Protection Systems Receives NIOSH Approval for ST53 SCBA System 2Avon Protection Systems Receives NIOSH Approval for ST53 SCBA System 3
... Immunogen: Synthetic peptide derived from the ... 36 protein This peptide sequence is ... another Zymed polyclonal Connexin 36 antibody Cat. ... Connexin 36. Reactivity: Mouse (positive control: ...
Invitrogen's Calcium Phosphate Transfection Kit provides high-quality reagents to enable the introduction of DNA into tissue culture cells via calcium phosphate co-precipitation....
...
...
Biology Products: