The top 10 causes of years of life lost in 2010 and their percentage of all years of life lost were:
Ischemic heart disease 15.9%
Lung cancer 6.6%
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 4.2%
Road injury 4.2%
Alzheimers disease 2.6%
Colorectal cancer 2.4%
Since 1990, there has been a steady shift from conditions that shorten life to chronic disability from mental and behavioral disorders, musculoskeletal problems, and neurological conditions. Chronic disability in 2010 now accounts for nearly half of all health loss in the US.
Mental and behavioral disorders alone make up 27% of what researchers call years lived with disability, meaning the time spent in less than optimal health. The biggest contributors are depression, anxiety disorders, drug use disorders, and alcohol use disorders.
The United States has spent a good amount of time and money on finding successful solutions for cardiovascular diseases and even some cancers, but like a lot of countries, it has yet to make that same kind of effort with these leading causes of disability, said Dr. Alan Lopez, Chair of Global Health and Burden of Disease Measurement in the School of Population and Global Health at the University of Melbourne in Australia and one of the studys authors. Thats a real problem with a population as large as the US has, and there are few good options for dealing with a massive amount of health loss.
The top 10 causes of years lived with disability in 2010 and their percentage of all years lived with disability were:
Low back pain 8.7%
Major depressive disorder 8.4%
Other musculoskeletal disorders 7.1%
Neck pain 5.8%
Anxiety disorders 5.1%
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 4.7%
|Contact: Rhonda Stewart|
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation