Navigation Links
Understanding hypertension in African Americans proves elusive
Date:8/15/2007

Exercise cannot reduce a sodium-retaining hormone in African Americans known to potentially cause hypertension, found Michael D. Brown, Ph.D., the senior author of a study in the September issue of Experimental Physiology. Brown is an associate professor of kinesiology at Temple Universitys College of Health Professions.

The hormone, aldosterone, influences the kidneys regulation of blood pressure, but too much of it can contribute to the development of hypertension because it causes the kidney to retain salt. Aldosterone, released by the adrenal glands on top of the kidneys, plays a role in the complex system used by the body to regulate blood pressure.

Although the results are discouraging for African Americans and hypertension, itll point us in other directions that may have more potential and could be the key to reducing hypertension, said Brown, who has a background in exercise physiology.

Many African Americans develop the salt-sensitive form of hypertension. Approximately 40 percent of African Americans have hypertension the highest rate of any racial or ethnic group in the United States but there is little data about what makes them more susceptible to this condition, Brown said.

This study is based on the premise that the prevalence of blood pressure sensitivity to salt is extremely high is African Americans. Alterations in aldosterone regulation may play a role because aldosterone causes the kidney to retain salt. Brown said he wanted to find out if exercise could lower the levels.

In the study, he found that the level of aldosterone was related to how the two racial groups distributed body fat. Caucasians generally stored fat in the abdomen area, whereas African Americans had fat distributed throughout the body in a layer under the skin. The six-month study involving 35 Caucasians and African Americans with hypertension found that aerobic exercise training program reduced aldosterone levels in Caucasians by 32 percent, but levels for African Americans were reduced by only 8 percent. Total body fat was reduced only in Caucasians, which might be a clue to the drop in aldosterone.

The kidneys help to regulate blood pressure by changing the levels of salt and water in our body. Sometimes the kidneys reset at a higher blood pressure level if it has retained too much salt, Brown said.

While the study showed exercise did not lower aldosterone in African Americans, exercise still has many other benefits for this population, Brown said.

Exercise has the capacity to affect so many things. Its a way for the body to correct itself, he added.

Brown will continue his research in this area with a $3.5 million National Institutes of Health grant awarded earlier this year. In September, Brown will recruit African Americans with hypertension for a study on how exercise can improve the blood vessel condition. The study will also take an in-depth look at how genes can contribute to hypertension.

Solving the cause of hypertension is similar to solving a big puzzle. Each piece of the puzzle represents a contributing factor to hypertension. Each of these pieces, or possible causes of hypertension, needs to be studied in a systematic way, Brown said.


'/>"/>
Contact: Anna Nguyen
anna.nguyen@temple.edu
215-707-1731
Temple University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. UCSB scientists probe sea floor venting to gain understanding of early life on Earth
2. Zebrafish may hold key to understanding human nerve cell development
3. Novel ultrafast laser detection of cancer cells also may improve understanding of stem cells
4. Researchers make gains in understanding antibiotic resistance
5. Brain-mapping technique aids understanding of sleep, wakefulness
6. New understanding of DNA repair may pave way to cancer treatments
7. NYU and MSKCC research provides model for understanding chemically induced cancer initiation
8. The circadian clock: Understanding natures timepiece
9. Virologists make major step towards understanding the process of HIV infection
10. Breakthrough System for Understanding Ocean Plant Life Announced
11. Understanding how bacteria communicate may help scientists prevent disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/2/2017)... LONDON , March 2, 2017 Summary ... require to better understand Merck KGaA and its partnering ... report: https://www.reportbuyer.com/product/3605601/ Description The Partnering Deals ... into the partnering activity of one of the world,s ... reports are prepared upon purchase to ensure inclusion of ...
(Date:2/28/2017)... LOS ANGELES , Feb. 28, 2017   ... identity verification software globally, announces significant enhancements to new ... in May 2016. New products include mobile and desktop ... and DocX TM - a real time manual ... Acuant,s core idScan® technology provides the fastest and most ...
(Date:2/26/2017)... , Feb. 25, 2017  Securus Technologies, ... technology solutions for public safety, investigation, corrections and ... Recidivism and Reentry. "Too often, too ... prisons and county jails are trying to tackle ... inmates and friends and family members. While significant steps ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 22, 2017 Good Start ... it has eclipsed the 130 million covered lives mark ... Shield of Texas . With newly ... Company continues to enjoy strong payor acceptance based on ... clinical programs and genetic counseling, its industry-leading customer care ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... New York , March 22, 2017 ... is largely fragmented, states a research report by Transparency ... S.A., Pfizer Inc., Amgen Inc., and AbbVie Inc., accounted ... in 2015. The prominent players in this market are ... expand their product portfolio, which is likely to lead ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 22, 2017   Boston Biomedical , ... therapeutics designed to target cancer stemness pathways, today announced ... Andrews as Chief Executive Officer, effective April 24, ... Chiang J. Li , M.D., FACP, who has led ... ago. Under his leadership, Boston Biomedical has grown from ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... March 21, 2017 , ... Okyanos Cell Therapy has announced Tallahassee, FL ... live events series, “Stem Cell Therapy: The Next Phase in the Evolution of Medicine.” ... Stem Cell Research and Therapy Act, Okyanos maintains a mission to help “no-option” ...
Breaking Biology Technology: