Navigation Links
Understanding binge eating and obesity
Date:3/19/2014

March 19, 2014 Researchers at the University of Cambridge have developed a novel method for evaluating the treatment of obesity-related food behavior. In an effort to further scientific understanding of the underlying problem, they have published the first peer-reviewed video of their technique in JoVE, the Journal of Visualized Experiments.

In the video, the authors demonstrate their means of objectively studying the drivers and mechanisms of overconsumption in humans. To do this, they assesses their subject's willingness to work or pay for food, and they simultaneously track the corresponding brain activity using an MRI scanner.

"We present alternative ways of exploring attitudes to food by using indirect, objective measuressuch as measuring the amount of energy exerted to obtain or view different foods, as well as determining brain responses during the anticipation and consumption of desirable foods," said the lab's principal investigator, Dr. Paul Fletcher. He and his colleagues use participant hand-grip intensity (referred to as "grip force" in the video) to calculate the motivation for a given food reward.

According to Dr. Fletcher, typical approaches for evaluating anti-obesity type drugs rely on more subjective methodslike having test subjects self-report their ratings of hunger and cravings.

"When a person is asked how much they subjectively desire a food, they may feel pressured to give a 'correct' rather than a true answer," said Dr. Fletcher, "[Our] grip force task may, under certain circumstances, present a more accurate reflection of what they really want."

Dr. Fletcher and his colleagues brought the technique to JoVE after using it in their earlier publication, "Food images engage subliminal motivation to seek food," published in 2011. They decided to publish a video capturing the protocol "Because it offered the opportunity to demonstrate the methods more fully," he said.

In the video, Dr. Fletcher expands on the purpose of publishing the method with JoVE. "Individuals new to the technique may struggle because there aren't many examples of grip-force tasks published in the literature, and there are no full and clear descriptions of how to design and set up the tasks," he said.

With rising concerns surrounding obesity, researchers can use the technique presented in the JoVE video to determine the efficacy of a potential emerging market in anti-obesity medicine.


'/>"/>

Contact: Phil Meagher
phil.meagher@jove.com
617-245-0137
The Journal of Visualized Experiments
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Plant biology discovery furthers scientists understanding of plant growth and development
2. Big stride in understanding PP1, the ubiquitous enzyme
3. Research of zebrafish neurons may lead to understanding of birth defects like spina bifida
4. Finding common ground fosters understanding of climate change
5. Cell division finding could boost understanding of cancer
6. IMPRESSIONS: Advancing understanding of the consequences of high-end climate change
7. Understanding secondary light emission by plasmonic nanostructures may improve medical imaging
8. New DRI project aimed at understanding Mercury dynamics in the Arctic tundra
9. Reinterpreting origins, examining skeletal preservation, and understanding volcanics
10. Study breaks blood-brain barriers to understanding Alzheimers
11. Study of rodent family tree puts brakes on commonly held understanding of evolution
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Understanding binge eating and obesity
(Date:3/3/2016)... England and DE SOTO, Kansas ... , U.S.-based Stroke Detection Plus® to offer Oncimmune,s ... risk assessment and early detection of lung cancer ... large employers, unions and individuals. --> Early ... unions and individuals. --> Oncimmune, a leader ...
(Date:3/2/2016)... March 2, 2016 ... the "Global Biometrics as a Service ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/cmt3hk/global_biometrics ) has ... Biometrics as a Service Market 2016-2020" ... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/cmt3hk/global_biometrics ) ...
(Date:3/1/2016)... , March 1, 2016  (RSAC Booth #3041) – ... a whopping $118 billion is lost to false positives, ... and inaccurate fraud detection. At the RSA Conference 2016, ... way companies handle authentication by devaluing the data fraudsters ... analytics. --> --> ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016 The ... and Brayton Cryocoolers), Service (Technical Support, Product Repairs & ... - Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the ... Billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 7.29% between ... data Tables and 94 Figures spread through 159 Pages ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... April 28, 2016 , ... ... hold an open house for regional manufacturers at its Maple Grove, Minnesota technical ... Okuma, Hardinge Group, Chiron and Trumpf. Almost 20 leading suppliers of tooling, ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... 2016 NanoStruck Technologies Inc. ... ( Frankfurt : 8NSK) gibt bekannt, ... 13. August 2015 die Genehmigung von der CNSX ... 200.000.000 Einheiten auf 400.000.000 Einheiten zu erhöhen, um ... wurden 157.900.000 Einheiten mit dem ersten Teil der ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... A compact PET ... Tomography) and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) in existing third-party MRI systems. PET and ... in small animal subjects. Simultaneous PET/MRI imaging offers a solution to many challenges ...
Breaking Biology Technology: