Navigation Links
Ultrasound reveals autism risk at birth
Date:2/25/2013

Low-birth-weight babies with a particular brain abnormality are at greater risk for autism, according to a new study that could provide doctors a signpost for early detection of the still poorly understood disorder.

Led by Michigan State University, the study found that low-birth-weight newborns were seven times more likely to be diagnosed with autism later in life if an ultrasound taken just after birth showed they had enlarged ventricles, cavities in the brain that store spinal fluid. The results appear in the Journal of Pediatrics.

"For many years there's been a lot of controversy about whether vaccinations or environmental factors influence the development of autism, and there's always the question of at what age a child begins to develop the disorder," said lead author Tammy Movsas, clinical assistant professor of pediatrics at MSU and medical director of the Midland County Department of Public Health.

"What this study shows us is that an ultrasound scan within the first few days of life may already be able to detect brain abnormalities that indicate a higher risk of developing autism."

Movsas and colleagues reached that conclusion by analyzing data from a cohort of 1,105 low-birth-weight infants born in the mid-1980s. The babies had cranial ultrasounds just after birth so the researchers could look for relationships between brain abnormalities in infancy and health disorders that showed up later. Participants also were screened for autism when they were 16 years old, and a subset of them had a more rigorous test at 21, which turned up 14 positive diagnoses.

Ventricular enlargement is found more often in premature babies and may indicate loss of a type of brain tissue called white matter.

"This study suggests further research is needed to better understand what it is about loss of white matter that interferes with the neurological processes that determine autism," said co-author Nigel Paneth, an MSU epidemiologist who helped organize the cohort. "This is an important clue to the underlying brain issues in autism."

Prior studies have shown an increased rate of autism in low-birth-weight and premature babies, and earlier research by Movsas and Paneth found a modest increase in symptoms among autistic children born early or late.


'/>"/>

Contact: Andy McGlashen
andy.mcglashen@cabs.msu.edu
517-355-5158
Michigan State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Ultrasound idea: Prototype NIST/CU bioreactor evaluates engineered tissue while creating it
2. Acoustic tweezers capture tiny creatures with ultrasound
3. Preclinical studies use specialized ultrasound to detect presence of cancer
4. Neuroscientists prove ultrasound can be tweaked to stimulate different sensations
5. Springer will collaborate with the Italian Society for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology
6. Research reveals first evidence of hunting by prehistoric Ohioans
7. Study reveals how monarch butterflies recolonize northern breeding range
8. Circadian rhythms have profound influence on metabolic output, UCI study reveals
9. Unexpected discovery reveals a new mechanism for how the cerebellum extracts signal from noise
10. Study by Haverford College professor reveals unprecedented impact of Deepwater Horizon on deep ocean
11. Nature: Video reveals wave character of particles
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/1/2017)... -- Aware, Inc. (NASDAQ: AWRE), a leading supplier of biometrics ... has resigned, effective March 3, 2017, as co-Chief ... Treasurer of Aware citing a desire to retire.  Mr. ... the Board of Directors of Aware. ... co-President, General Counsel has been named Chief Executive Officer, ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... --  Strategic Cyber Ventures , the industry,s first cybersecurity ... million investment in  Polarity , the first commercial human ... based and is led by cybersecurity veterans Tom ... Gula , also a longtime cybersecurity veteran and founder ... A round of funding. This new funding will be ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... PORTLAND, Ore. , Feb. 22, 2017  IBM ... Companies (Avamere Health Services, Infinity Rehab, Signature Hospice, Home ... that will apply the power of IBM cognitive computing ... health centers. By analyzing data streaming from sensors in ... physical and environmental conditions, and obtain deeper learnings into ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/22/2017)... COPENHAGEN, Denmark , March 22, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... that utilizes its innovative TransCon technology to address ... announced financial results for the full year ended ... a significant year for our company as we ... become a leading, integrated rare disease company with ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... , March 22, 2017   iSpecimen ®, ... that Doctors Pathology Service (DPS), a full-service ... the United States , has joined ... Health Information Network (DHIN) to make human biospecimens ... The novel program, announced in 2015 as a ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Mass. , March 22, 2017   Boston ... next-generation cancer therapeutics designed to target cancer stemness pathways, ... Patricia S. Andrews as Chief Executive Officer, effective ... succeed Chiang J. Li , M.D., FACP, who ... ten years ago. Under his leadership, Boston Biomedical has ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Proper glycosylation is critical for the ... and/or decrease in antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity or complement-dependent cytotoxicity, there is a growing ... , To meet this demand, the team at SCIEX has developed a Fast ...
Breaking Biology Technology: