Navigation Links
USDA grant to educate AIDS patients about food safety
Date:8/24/2009

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health have received a grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture to educate AIDS patients on food safety.

The three-year, $600,000 award will be used to develop a better way to disseminate information to AIDS patients who are at high risk of developing infections from the foods they eat.

Nearly half a million people in the United States are living with AIDS, and the number is increasing.

AIDS patients whose immune systems have been severely suppressed by the HIV virus to a T-cell count below 200 cells per microliter are at risk of developing life-threatening infections from food-borne illnesses.

In addition to their compromised immune systems, people with AIDS may have low stomach acid, which is the first barrier against germs, said Dr. Mark Dworkin, UIC associate professor of epidemiology and principal investigator of the study. Stomach acid normally kills most of the germs that enter the body through the mouth. For example, such patients can become infected with salmonella bacteria from eating fresh fruits and vegetables that are not washed properly.

Dworkin said most people with AIDS are probably not aware that food safety recommendations for them may include heating lunch meat. Listeria, a foodborne pathogen that has been attributed to eating lunch meat and soft cheeses, can cause meningitis and sepsis in AIDS patients.

Other risks include:

  • Toxoplasmosis, a pathogen transmitted by ingesting raw or partly cooked meat, which can cause encephalitis.
  • Cryptosporidiosis, spread through contaminated water and beverages, which causes severe diarrhea that lasts for weeks or months.
  • Mycobacterium avium complex (known as MAC), which can cause bacteremia, anemia, fatigue and wasting.

The researchers will interview 300 AIDS patients in Chicago, New Orleans and Bayamn, Puerto Rico, to determine the biggest knowledge gaps in food safety.

"During the first wave of interviews, we'll ask questions about behavior and risk," said Dworkin. "Do they eat a lot of lunch meat? Do they eat pt? Do they cook their own food? Do they go out to eat frequently?"

Using information gathered from those interviews, the researchers will create an entertaining and educational comic book that has the theme of a menu. The book will be disseminated at AIDS clinics in the three cities. Researchers will return a month later to assess patients' knowledge of food safety issues.

Researchers will also survey health care providers in the three cities to determine if they have food safety educational material for AIDS patients and to raise awareness about the new evidenced-based intervention.

Traditional food-borne disease surveillance does not take AIDS into account. It is unknown among the various food-borne outbreaks how many of these illnesses are occurring in AIDS patients.

Dworkin said the greatest risk for disease from food-borne pathogens is likely among the newly diagnosed AIDS patients who are not yet receiving anti-retroviral therapy; those who have resistant virus; and those who have other difficulties with their HIV medication and stay in the low AIDS range.

Dworkin has received two previous grants totaling $1.5 million from the USDA to create evidence-based educational materials for restaurant food handlers in Chicago and the surrounding suburbs.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sherri McGinnis Gonzlez
smcginn@uic.edu
312-996-8277
University of Illinois at Chicago
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. IGC scientist awarded prestigious European Research Council Starting grant
2. Iowa State faculty attract $4.8 million in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act grants
3. UOG scientists successfully compete for research grants
4. Harvard research team receives $10M NSF grant to develop small-scale mobile robotic devices
5. Grant supports LSUHSC research on how like cell receptor systems determine very different functions
6. UC San Diegos $3 million NSF grant to fund science festivals
7. EPA grant to University of Chicago for research on food allergy triggers
8. $2 million grant aids study of lung cancer in people who never smoked
9. $20 million NIH grant to transform clinical research at UIC
10. $29.4 million grant establishes CTSI at NYU in partnership with Health and Hospitals Corporation
11. LSUHSCs Bazan awarded ARRA grant to preserve vision
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/28/2017)... , March 28, 2017 The ... Hardware (Camera, Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), Software (Video Analytics, ... Region - Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, ... 2016 and is projected to reach USD 75.64 Billion ... and 2022. The base year considered for the study ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... PUNE, India , March 23, 2017 The report ... Equipment, Touchless Biometric), Industry, and Geography - Global Forecast to 2022", published by ... growing at a CAGR of 29.63% between 2017 and 2022. ... ... Logo ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... LIVERMORE, Calif. , March 21, 2017 ... recognition analytics company serving law enforcement agencies, announced today ... Sheridan as director of public safety business development. ... of diversified law enforcement experience, including a focus on ... Vigilant. In his most recent position, Mr. Sheridan served ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... Frederick Innovative Technology Center, ... emerging bio and technology start-ups, is hosting “Celebration Friday” (a festive gathering highlighting ... start with libations and networking at 3:30 p.m. at FITCI’s 4539 Metropolitan Court ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... Ultrecht, Netherlands (PRWEB) , ... April 20, 2017 ... ... Biometrics Technology today announced their strategic partnership to offer a full spectrum ... identity authentication, a comprehensive suite of biometric products and the ground-breaking proactive cybersecurity ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... Maine (PRWEB) , ... April 20, 2017 , ... ... contributions to the scientific and clinical research community’s growing body of knowledge during ... 2017 in the Gracie Theatre and the adjacent Darling Atrium. During the event, ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... ... April 20, 2017 , ... ... advanced technology applications, announced today that Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Debbie Gustafson has ... is the global industry association connecting the electronics manufacturing supply chain. The ...
Breaking Biology Technology: