DURHAM, N.H. University of New Hampshire professor Frederick Short was co-recipient of the prestigious Coastal America Partnership Award the only environmental award of its kind given by the U.S. president for his contributions to a project that restored eelgrass to coastal salt ponds in Rhode Island. The highest level award for partnership efforts, this award from the p resident recognizes outstanding collaborative, multi-agency and multi-stakeholder efforts to accomplish coastal restoration, preservation, protection, and education projects.
Short and other partners were honored last week for work on the South Coast Habitat Restoration Project, which restored ecologically important eelgrass meadows to tidal ponds at the Ninigret Park and National Wildlife Refuge in Charlestown, R.I. Led by the Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the project was one of just six nationwide to receive 2008 Coastal America Partnership Awards.
Eelgrass (Zostera marina) provides important habitat to shellfish and finfish, says Short, a research professor of natural resources and marine science. In Ninigret Pond, construction of stone jetties half a century ago had created a natural funnel that deposited large amounts of ocean sand inside the ponds, burying formerly plentiful eelgrass beds.
Short's contributions to the effort included field work to determine what factors were limiting eelgrass growth in the salt ponds. In addition, the project utilized an eelgrass restoration site selection model Short developed with funding from the UNH Cooperative Institute for Coastal and Estuarine Environmental Technology (CICEET) and the NOAA Restoration Center. The model synthesizes previously collected data on bathymetry, sediment type, water quality, wave exposure and past and present eelgrass distribution to identify and prioritize locations for eelgrass restoration.
"Restoring eelgrass, either by seeding or transplanting, is a costly and time-consuming process," says Short. "This site selection model helps coastal managers find locations most favorable to eelgrass growth." In this project, Short notes, site selection was successful; in the 40 acres of restored eelgrass habitat in Ninigret Pond, the largest of the project's salt ponds, eelgrass growth has exceeded expectations.
Although his "home lab" is UNH's Jackson Estuarine Laboratory on New Hampshire's Great Bay, Short is no stranger to the Rhode Island coastal ponds. "The award meant a great deal to me, as I first started work in these coastal ponds for my master's degree at the University of Rhode Island back in the '70s," he says.
|Contact: Beth Potier|
University of New Hampshire