Navigation Links
UMass Amherst chemical engineers say 'mini-cellulose' molecule unlocks biofuel chemistry
Date:2/16/2012

r says. By creating reaction models of wood conversion, the scientists can design biomass reactors to optimize the specific reactions that are ideal for production of biofuels. For biofuels production, "We want to maximize our new pathway to produce furans and minimize the formation of gases such as CO2," says Dauenhauer.

The discovery of "mini-cellulose" was enabled by a new experimental technique for studying high-temperature biomass chemistry called "thin-film pyrolysis." It involves creating sheets of cellulose, which makes up 60 percent of wood biomass, that are very thin, just a few microns thick. When the sheets are very rapidly heated at over one million degrees Celsius per minute, they create volatile chemicals which are the precursors of biofuel.

Dauenhauer joined the university in 2009 and conducts his research as part of the Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation in collaboration with the University of Delaware and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). His research team includes Professor Dion Vlachos and graduate students Matt Mettler, Alex Paulsen and Samir Mushrif.

Dauenhauer has received several high-profile grants in the past year. In May 2011, he awarded a five-year, $800,000 Early Career Award in Basic Energy Sciences from the DOE. The grant provides support for his research on understanding the catalysts that control the process of breaking down plant matter into chemicals and fuel byproducts.

In February 2011, he was awarded a one-year, $80,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to conduct basic research on pyrolysis. Additionally in 2011, he was awarded a three-year Young Faculty Award from the 3M Corporation.


'/>"/>

Contact: Paul Dauenhauer
dauenhauer@ecs.umass.edu
413-545-2819
University of Massachusetts at Amherst
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Mass Biologic Labs/UMass Med School and Medarex license C. difficile monoclonal antibody to Merck
2. UMass Medical School study points to genetic link in apnea of prematurity
3. UMASS Medical Schools human stem cell bank makes available first seven stem cell lines
4. UMass Amherst biologists use GPS to map bats teeth to explore evolutionary adaptations to diet
5. UMass med school professor wins coveted emerging-investigator award
6. UMass Amherst entomologists begin to control winter moth infestation in eastern Massachusetts
7. UMass researcher points to suppression of evidence on radiation effects by 1946 Nobel Laureate
8. UMass Amherst wins major grant to host $7.5 million Northeast Climate Science Center
9. UMass Amherst ecologists among the first to record and study deep-sea fish noises
10. Inspired by gecko feet, UMass Amherst scientists invent super-adhesive material
11. Chemical equator discovery will aid pollution mapping
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/31/2014)... hazard lurks beneath many of the roughly 156,000 ... hazard is corrosion in parts of underground gas ... and contamination of groundwater, a source of drinking ... states have reported many rapidly corroding gas storage ... are generally associated with use of gasoline-ethanol blends ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... available in German . ... gases similar to a sponge that soaks up liquids. ... hydrogen or greenhouse gases. However, loading of many MOFs ... Technology (KIT) now report in Nature Communications ... MOF surface. This can be prevented by water-free synthesis ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... alters how the brain processes speech, potentially increasing ... neuroscientists at The University of Texas at Dallas. ... Ear and Hearing , researchers demonstrated for ... the brain,s recognition of speech sounds. , Noise-induced ... population, affecting an estimated 15 percent of Americans ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NIST corrosion lab tests suggest need for underground gas tank retrofits 2Free pores for molecule transport 2UT Dallas study reveals effect of loud noises on brain 2
... focus on forestsas opposed to the entire landscapecould ... poor in developing countries, said a Nairobi-based agroforestry ... forest degradation is driven by forces outside forests, ... land uses that involve the whole landscape, not ...
... This release is available in French . ... Laval, in collaboration with Nova Scotia Agricultural College, have discovered ... to double the lifespan of Christmas trees in homes. The ... scientific journal Trees . The researchers have identified ...
... Personality is not just a feature unique to humans ... have revealed that also brown trout have individual characters ... the Department of Zoology at the University of Gothenburg ... trout from watercourses on the west coast of Sweden. ...
Cached Biology News:Towards an efficient, effective and equitable REDD+ 2Towards an efficient, effective and equitable REDD+ 3Towards an efficient, effective and equitable REDD+ 4Researchers discover a way to delay Christmas tree needle loss 2
(Date:7/31/2014)... global market for molecular diagnostics is expected to reach ... study by Grand View Research, Inc. Growing demand for ... advanced cancer diagnostic technologies are expected to be key ... Moreover, the growing global base of geriatric population and ... lifestyle habits such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... 31, 2014   BioLife Solutions , Inc. (NASDAQ: ... marketer of proprietary clinical grade hypothermic storage ... thermal shipping products for cells and tissues, today ... results will be released on Thursday, August 7, 2014, ... and live webcast at 4:30 p.m. ET that afternoon. ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... July 31, 2014 Boston’s Adult Stem ... flush with innovative adult stem cell biotechnologies. Currently ... and has three additional patent applications currently under examination ... patented inventions address two of the most vexing problems ... Adult stem cells are difficult to identify; and ...
(Date:7/30/2014)... PARIS , July 30, 2014  Regeneron ... NYSE: SNY) today announced that the Companies intend to ... pediatric disease priority review voucher in connection with the ... review voucher entitles the holder to designate a BLA ... review from the filing date instead of the standard ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Molecular Diagnostics Market - Global Industry Size, Share, Trends, Analysis, Players, Opportunity, Outlook and Forecast From 2014 to 2020 2Molecular Diagnostics Market - Global Industry Size, Share, Trends, Analysis, Players, Opportunity, Outlook and Forecast From 2014 to 2020 3Molecular Diagnostics Market - Global Industry Size, Share, Trends, Analysis, Players, Opportunity, Outlook and Forecast From 2014 to 2020 4Molecular Diagnostics Market - Global Industry Size, Share, Trends, Analysis, Players, Opportunity, Outlook and Forecast From 2014 to 2020 5BioLife Solutions to Report Financial Results for Second Quarter 2014 and Provide Business Update on August 7, 2014 2The Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC Launches A Marketing Campaign To License Adult Stem Cell Biotechnologies 2The Adult Stem Cell Technology Center, LLC Launches A Marketing Campaign To License Adult Stem Cell Biotechnologies 3Regeneron and Sanofi Announce Plan to Use Priority Review Voucher For Alirocumab U.S. FDA Submission 2Regeneron and Sanofi Announce Plan to Use Priority Review Voucher For Alirocumab U.S. FDA Submission 3Regeneron and Sanofi Announce Plan to Use Priority Review Voucher For Alirocumab U.S. FDA Submission 4Regeneron and Sanofi Announce Plan to Use Priority Review Voucher For Alirocumab U.S. FDA Submission 5Regeneron and Sanofi Announce Plan to Use Priority Review Voucher For Alirocumab U.S. FDA Submission 6
... of GE Healthcare in Milwaukee, has built the ... , ,The MRI, which is used to study internal anatomy ... magnet. A tesla is a unit of magnetic strength. The ... times the strength of the Earths magnetic field. , ,While ...
... Source: Wisconsin Paper Council APPLETON, Wis. Foreign ... the latest technology and find new marketsor slowly perish. ... a story from 1911. It still serves as an ... newsprint producer in the United States. That dominance faded ...
... serious fight between Apple Computers and Apple Records (of Beatles fame) ... of the ring is Sir Paul McCartney, with the title of ... On the other side, yet another youthful boy wonder, Steve Jobs ... to lead the start of the personal computer revolution. , ,The ...
Cached Biology Technology:Wisconsin's paper industry needs technology, innovation to prosper. 2Wisconsin's paper industry needs technology, innovation to prosper. 3Why you should never name your company after a fruit 2Why you should never name your company after a fruit 3
Mouse monoclonal antibody to PDK2 - pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase, isoenzyme 2...
... cytoplasmic expression of an N-terminal FLAG® fusion ... selection marker from bicistronic mRNA. Two ... MCS2 for transcription of a single message ... useful for protein-protein interaction studies, multi-subunit proteins, ...
Mouse monoclonal antibody raised against a partial recombinant CALCOCO2. NCBI Entrez Gene ID = CALCOCO2...
Mouse polyclonal antibody raised against a partial recombinant KCTD13. NCBI Entrez Gene ID = 253980...
Biology Products: