Navigation Links
UMD's START gets $3.6 million to study terrorism's human causes and consequences
Date:12/20/2011

COLLEGE PARK, Md. - With $3.6 million in new federal funding, researchers at the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism <http://www.start.umd.edu/>(START), based at the University of Maryland, will continue to expand the scientific understanding of the human causes and consequences of terrorism, specifically addressing crucial homeland security issues, such as terrorist behavior, violent extremism and counterterrorism.

Funding for the new round of research comes from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate <http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/structure/editorial_0530.shtm>, which has renewed START's status as a DHS Center of Excellence, and continued funding support for the next five years. The first installment of the award provides $3.6 million for the center's next 18 months.

Based at the University of Maryland, START researchers from more than 40 institutions worldwide will use the new grant to: explore the social, behavioral and cultural factors that influence violent extremism, including political, financial and religious causes; examine the emergence and operations of domestic terrorists and how they interact with law enforcement strategies, community initiatives and government policies; collect and code terrorist data so that it can be incorporated into behavioral models that can be used in homeland security decision making.

"START is delighted to have this opportunity to continue supplying timely, objective information on the human characteristics of terrorism and its impact on communities to decision makers and policy experts," says Gary LaFree, director of START and professor of criminology at the University of Maryland.

PLANNED RESEARCH INCLUDES:

VIOLENT EXTREMISM -- SOCIAL, BEHAVIORAL, AND CULTURAL FACTORS

  • Analyzing terrorist attacks, groups and ideologies to identify the characteristics, structural compositions and individual roles in launching attacks;
  • Examining the effectiveness of efforts to delegitimize the justifications an individual has for engaging in terrorist activities;
  • Assessing the impact of Internet communications on a terrorist group's ability to convey ideology and recruit; and
  • Gauging how society, family and friends affect and respond to the process of becoming a violent extremist.

    DOMESTIC TERRORISTS -- EMERGENCE, OPERATIONS AND INTERACTIONS

  • Identifying conditions and attacks associated with homegrown terrorism and determining the process by which right-wing extremists turn to violence;
  • Surveying minority group attitudes towards U.S. policies and terrorist activities;
  • Compiling a database of federal counterterrorism initiatives; and
  • Comparing failed, foiled and successfully executed terrorist attacks to demonstrate components of counterterrorism efforts that have been successful and to identify opportunities for prevention.

    COLLECTING, CODING AND USING DATA TO INFORM DECISIONS

  • Improving statistical modeling to better predict violence;
  • Updating and using the Global Terrorism Database - the world's largest, most comprehensive, open-source database including information on more than 98,000 terrorist attacks around the world from 1970 through 2010;
  • Creating the Terrorist and Extremist Organizations Database; and
  • Predicting which individuals will become leaders within violent and nonviolent organizations.

    START began in 2005 as one of the Department of Homeland Security's Centers of Excellence, the first to focus on behavioral and social science. The current funding renewal follows a rigorous, competitive application process.

    "Under the leadership of Dr. Gary LaFree, START has been a proactive and productive Center of Excellence that has served DHS well. We look forward to working with START for another five years," says Matthew Clark, director of DHS's Science and Technology Directorate's Office of University Programs.

    With this grant, the University of Maryland continues to leverage its founding tradition as a land-grant institution, with a mission to shape research and education through the lens of public service. The new research program will provide the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) with an integrated system, whereby research findings are directly incorporated into policy recommendations and, in turn, public and policy needs drive research explorations and career training for students and practitioners.


    '/>"/>

  • Contact: Neil Tickner
    ntickner@umd.edu
    301-405-4622
    University of Maryland
    Source:Eurekalert

    Related biology news :

    1. Trustee makes donation to start new solar energy research center at Rensselaer
    2. Urea tanks on diesel trucks -- thats the law in the United States starting in 2010
    3. Texas invests record $3.5 million in startup cofounded by UTs Mauro Ferrari
    4. New World post-pandemic reforestation helped start Little Ice Age, say Stanford scientists
    5. A simple fusion to jump-start evolution
    6. Viruses, start your engines!
    7. Obesity starts in the head? 6 newly discovered genes for obesity have a neural effect
    8. In troubled economic times, BioSquare 2009 successfully serves as business and innovation starter
    9. Iowa State chemist synthesizes carbohydrates, launches startup company
    10. IVCC and Syngenta start project for novel insecticidal active ingredient for malaria control
    11. Social separation stops flu spread, but must be started soon
    Post Your Comments:
    *Name:
    *Comment:
    *Email:
    (Date:6/21/2016)... British Columbia , June 21, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... appointed to the new role of principal product ... been named the director of customer development. Both ... NuData,s chief technical officer. The moves reflect NuData,s ... teams in response to high customer demand and ...
    (Date:6/9/2016)... 9, 2016 Paris Police ... video security solution to ensure the safety of people and ... during the major tournament Teleste, an international technology ... services, announced today that its video security solution will be ... back up public safety across the country. The system roll-out ...
    (Date:6/2/2016)... LONDON , June 2, 2016 ... Systems, Manned Platforms, Unmanned Systems, Physical Infrastructure, Support & ... intelligence provider visiongain offers comprehensive analysis of ... that this market will generate revenues of $17.98 billion ... Systems acquired DVTEL Inc, a leader in software and ...
    Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
    (Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Researchers at the Universita Politecnica delle Marche in Ancona combed medical journal articles ... findings are the subject of a new article on the Surviving Mesothelioma website. ... blood, lung fluid or tissue of mesothelioma patients that can help point doctors to ...
    (Date:6/23/2016)... A person commits a crime, and the detective ... the criminal down. An outbreak of foodborne illness ... (FDA) uses DNA evidence to track down the bacteria that ... It,s not. The FDA has increasingly used a complex, cutting-edge ... illnesses. Put as simply as possible, whole genome sequencing is ...
    (Date:6/23/2016)...   EpiBiome , a precision microbiome engineering company, ... financing from Silicon Valley Bank (SVB). The financing will ... its drug development efforts, as well as purchase additional ... has been an incredible strategic partner to us – ... would provide," said Dr. Aeron Tynes Hammack , ...
    (Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016  Blueprint Bio, a company dedicated to ... medical community, has closed its Series A funding round, ... "We have received a commitment from Forentis ... need to meet our current goals," stated Matthew ... runway to complete validation on the current projects in ...
    Breaking Biology Technology: