Navigation Links
UK robot sub searches for signs of melting 60 km into an Antarctic ice shelf cavity
Date:3/17/2009

Autosub, a robot submarine built and developed by the UK's National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, has successfully completed a high-risk campaign of six missions travelling under an Antarctic glacier.

Autosub has been exploring Pine Island Glacier, a floating extension of the West Antarctic ice sheet, using sonar scanners to map the seabed and the underside of the ice as it juts into the sea. Scientists hope to learn why the glacier has been thinning and accelerating over recent decades. Pine Island Glacier is in the Amundsen Sea, part of the South Pacific bordering West Antarctica. Changes in its flow have been observed since the early 1970s, and together with neighbouring glaciers it is currently contributing about 0.25 mm a year to global sea level rise.

Steve McPhail led the Autosub team during the ten-day survey. He said:

"Autosub is a completely autonomous robot: there are no connecting wires with the ship and no pilot. Autosub has to avoid collisions with the jagged ice overhead and the unknown seabed below, and return to a predefined rendezvous point, where we crane it back onboard the ship.

"Adding to the problems are the sub zero water temperatures and the crushing pressures at 1000 m depth. All systems on the vehicle must work perfectly while under the ice or it would be lost. There is no hope of rescue 60 km in, with 500 metres of ice overhead."

An international team of scientists led by Dr Adrian Jenkins of British Antarctic Survey and Stan Jacobs of the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, New York on the American ship, the RVIB Nathaniel B Palmer, has been using the robot sub to investigate the underside of the ice and measure changes in salinity and temperature of the surrounding water.

After a test mission in unusually ice-free seas in front of the face of the glacier, they started with three 60km forays under the floating glacier and extended the length of missions to 110km round-trip. In all, a distance over 500km beneath the ice was studied.

Using its sonar, the Autosub picks its way through the water, while creating a three-dimensional map that the scientists will use to determine where and how the warmth of the ocean waters drives melting of the glacier base.

"There is still much work to be done on the processing of the data", said Adrian Jenkins, "but the picture we should get of the ocean beneath the glacier will be unprecedented in its extent and detail. It should help us answer critical questions about the role played by the ocean in driving the ongoing thinning of the glacier."

The lead US researcher on the project, Stan Jacobs, is studying the Pine Island Glacier with International Polar Year (IPY) funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF). One of the IPY research goals is to better understand the dynamics of the world's massive ice sheets, including the massive West Antarctic Ice Sheet. If this were to melt completely global sea levels would rise significantly. The most recent report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) noted that because so little is understood about ice-sheet behaviour it is difficult to predict how ice sheets will contribute to sea level rise in a warming world. The behaviour of ice sheets the IPCC report said is one of the major uncertainties in predicting exactly how the warming of the global will affect human populations.

Complementing the Autosub exploration, other work during the 53-day NB Palmer cruise included setting out 15 moored instrument arrays to record the variability in ocean properties and circulation over the next two years, extensive profiling of 'warm' and melt-laden seawater, sampling the perennial sea ice and swath-mapping deep, glacially-scoured troughs on the sea floor.

Autosub is an AUV Automated Underwater Vehicle, designed, developed and built at the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton with funding from the Natural Environment Research Council. Autosub has a maximum range of 400km and is powered by 5,000 ordinary D-cell batteries. The batteries are packed in bundles in pressure-tested housings. Either end of the seven-metre sub there are free-flooding areas where the payload of instruments are installed. It carries a multibeam sonar system that builds up a 3D map of the ice above and the seabed below.. It also carries precision instruments for measuring the salinity, temperature, and oxygen concentrations in the sea water within the ice cavity, which are vital to understanding the flow of water within the ice cavity and the rate of melting. Autosub is 7m long and weighs 3.5 tonnes. Travelling at 6km hour it is capable of diving up to 1600 m deep, and can operate for 72 hours (400 km) between battery changes.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kim Marshall-Brown
coms@noc.soton.ac.uk
44-238-059-6170
National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (UK)
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Microbot motors fit to swim human arteries
2. International Journal of Social Robotics debuts at Springer
3. Captain Birdseyes robotic nose
4. Robotic surgery lowers risk of a rare but serious complication of gastric bypass
5. New robot scouts best locations for components of undersea lab
6. Robot vehicle surveys deep sea off Pacific Northwest
7. Robotics research: Enhancing the lives of people with disabilities
8. Wearable Sensors Conceived at Harvard Robotics Lab Measure Hand Forces
9. Tufts to develop morphing chemical robots
10. School of Robofish provides basis for underwater robot teams
11. Actor-robots staff part of new $5M simulation training center
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:11/19/2016)... 18, 2016 Securus Technologies, a leading provider ... safety, investigation, corrections and monitoring, announced today that it ... to have an independent technology judge determine who has ... high tech/sophisticated telephone calling platform, and the best customer ... do most of what we do – which clearly ...
(Date:11/17/2016)... it has just released a new white paper authored by Zettar that covers the ... transfer storage solutions. Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20161116/440463 ... ... ... Setting up a high performance computing or HPC system can be a complicated endeavor ...
(Date:11/15/2016)... , Nov. 15, 2016  Synthetic Biologics, Inc. ... therapeutics focused on the gut microbiome, today announced ... 25,000,000 shares of its common stock and warrants ... at a price to the public of $1.00 ... Synthetic Biologics from the offering, excluding the proceeds, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/6/2016)... MELBOURNE, Australia , Dec. 6, 2016  The ... Health Informatics Society of Australia (HISA) today announced ... technology startup exchange program between Australia ... city in the world. HISA and ... are initiating a program to create a global health ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... 2016 Axovant Sciences Ltd. (NYSE: ... the treatment of dementia, today announced that data on ... Alzheimer,s disease will be presented at the 2016 Clinical ... 9, 2016 in San Diego . ... simple and complex measures of activities of daily living ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... ... December 05, 2016 , ... The Real Dirt ... premier cannabis technology and application experts, Chip Baker. Chip Baker formerly co-founded Royal ... the past 30 years, Chip Baker other industry veterans have made the evolution ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... , Dec. 5, 2016  Renova™ Therapeutics, ... congestive heart failure and other chronic diseases, announced ... the company as Chief Financial Officer (CFO), effective ... with 20 years of experience in financial management ... biotech and software companies. Most recently, Ms. Bovenizer ...
Breaking Biology Technology: