Navigation Links
UIC receives $1 million grant to study 'fat taxes,' diet, obesity
Date:11/3/2009

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have received $1 million from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to study the relationship between "fat taxes" and food consumption, diet quality and obesity.

The funding for the two-year project was made available through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

The study will link state tax rates associated with restaurants and with specific sugar- and fat-laden foods and beverages (soda, candy, baked goods and chips) to individual survey data.

Using multiple data sets from a 10-year period -- 1997 through 2007 -- the researchers will determine if differential tax rates equate to differences in consumption, diet quality and body mass index, or BMI, for children, adolescents and adults.

The study will separately examine these relationships among low-income food stamp recipients and non-food stamp recipients.

Previous economic studies suggest that food prices do change consumption. However, the researchers want to determine if, for example, consumers will seek out another high-sugar drink such as Kool-Aid if, say, soda is too expensive. If they do, then a tax on soda may reduce soda consumption but will not necessarily reduce weight, improve diet quality, or reduce overall sugar intake.

"We want to know if this price sensitivity is just for a specific good, such as soda, or if it translates into changes in diet quality and weight outcomes," said Lisa Powell, senior research scientist at UIC's Institute for Health Research and Policy and principal investigator of the study. "It will help lay the foundation on the extent to which these taxes may be effective policy instruments to generate behavior change and potentially reduce obesity."

Current fat-tax rates are fairly low, ranging, for example, from 0 to 7 percent for soda.

Taxing soda is an easy target because it is clear there is not a lot of nutritional value, said Powell. But if you look at taxing all foods or beverages with a certain amount of sugar or fat, that might include a fortified cereal that could also be healthy.

"Defining healthy and unhealthy when there are many different components to food can be difficult," she said.

According to the researchers, the study is critical because Americans are increasingly consuming poor diets, which have contributed to a public health crisis with more than 17 percent of children and 32 percent of adults being obese.

Powell's co-investigators at UIC are Frank Chaloupka, distinguished professor of economics and director of the Health Policy Center; Carol Braunschweig, associate professor of human nutrition; Jamie Chriqui, senior research scientist at the Institute for Health Research and Policy; and Euna Han, health economist at the Institute for Health Research and Policy.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sherri McGinnis Gonzalez
smcginn@uic.edu
312-996-8277
University of Illinois at Chicago
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Rutgers Genetics receives $7.8 million for autism research
2. Herr receives Heinz Award for Technology, the Economy and Employment
3. UCI receives $5M from Edwards Lifesciences
4. Yu receives research funding from the Wallace H. Coulter Foundation
5. UGA Odum School of Ecology professor receives grant to study West Nile Virus in NYC
6. UC Riverside biologist receives prestigious MacArthur Fellowship
7. UC Irvine receives $2.18M to explore nano advancements in DNA sequencing
8. Penn biochemist receives NIH New Innovators Award
9. NYUs Center for Genomics & Systems Biology receives $4.4 million NSF grant
10. Einstein researcher receives NIH grant to explore epigenetic regulation of the human genome
11. Alaska graduate program in sustainability receives $3.2 million award
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/29/2017)... 29, 2017  higi, the health IT company that ... North America , today announced a Series B ... of EveryMove. The new investment and acquisition accelerates higi,s ... to transform population health activities through the collection and ... higi collects and secures data today on behalf ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... DUBLIN , Mar 24, 2017 Research ... Vehicle Access System Market Analysis & Trends - Industry Forecast to ... ... poised to grow at a CAGR of around 15.1% over the ... This industry report analyzes the market estimates and forecasts for ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... NEW YORK , March 21, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... Customer Marketing Cloud used by retailers such as ... in its platform — Product Recommendations and Replenishment. Using ... to give more personalized product and replenishment recommendations ... purchases, but also on predictions of customer intent ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/20/2017)... NJ (PRWEB) , ... June 20, 2017 , ... Do ... makes the transition from being a trusted supplier in the weighing industry, to extending ... cell extractions, ELISA essays, enzyme reactions, immunoassays, hybridizations and more, allowing for its ...
(Date:6/19/2017)... ... June 19, 2017 , ... A colony of healthy honey bees ... tissues by delivering pollen and nectar containing nutrients necessary for growth and survival. Better ... , Many recent indicators point to a decline in honey bee health. Sick and ...
(Date:6/15/2017)... ... June 15, 2017 , ... Cybrexa ... Series B round of financing in the amount of $6 million. An investment ... participated in the round. , The Series B funding will enable Cybrexa to ...
(Date:6/14/2017)... ... June 14, 2017 , ... Slone Partners ... initiative steered by the executive search firm, “Building Value in Precision Medicine: Can ... Directors of Foundation Medicine, led an open discussion with expert panelists Troy Cox, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: