Navigation Links
UC Davis discovery offers hope for treating kidney cancer
Date:12/23/2008

Kidney cancer is typically without symptoms until it has spread to other organs, when it is also the most difficult to treat. Newer chemotherapies show great promise for extending survival during later disease stages, but they can also be highly toxic.

In one of the first discoveries of its kind, UC Davis Cancer Center researchers have identified ways to block a cancer gene's own repair mechanism and, in so doing, help make chemotherapy for kidney cancer more effective and better tolerated. The outcome is published in the current issue of Cancer Biology and Therapy.

"Cancer cells are notorious in their ability to rapidly create copies of themselves. While the latest medications slow down that process, they do not tend to be curative and have many side effects," said Robert Weiss, a UC Davis professor of nephrology and chief of nephrology at the Sacramento VA Medical Center. "We wanted to find ways to help make chemotherapeutics as effective as possible at the lowest doses possible."

Newer medications work by destabilizing cancer cells at the DNA level, which reduces their ability to replicate. Knowing that the p21 gene has an important role in restoring cancer cell DNA and potentially circumventing the benefits of those treatments, Weiss sought to identify compounds that could interrupt this pathway.

The team tested thousands of compounds and 12 were found to bind to the recombinant protein p21. Additional tests showed that three of those compounds decreased p21 expression, blocking kidney cancer cells' ability to mend and making them more responsive to DNA-damaging treatments.

"The results are very exciting, especially given how difficult kidney cancer has so far been to treat," Weiss said. "Our work offers hope that in the future these p21 inhibitors can be refined and used in concert with other conventional as well as novel cancer treatments to increase the comfort and life spans of patients with kidney cancer."

For future studies, Weiss will focus on the three candidate compounds to determine the lowest possible concentrations at which they remain effective and to further optimize their anti-cancer properties. He will then test those compounds with standard treatments in animal models and, ultimately, in human trials.

"The goal is to find new approaches to treating a cancer for which few options currently exist and make those approaches available in clinical settings as quickly as possible," he said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen Finney
karen.finney@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu
916-734-9064
University of California - Davis - Health System
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. UC Davis team refines cancer treatments to reduce potential nerve damage
2. UC Davis researchers exploring gene therapy to fight AIDS
3. UC Davis researchers discover Achilles heel in pancreatic cancer
4. UC Davis researchers discover a key to aggressive breast cancer
5. UC Davis chemical ecologist wins major award
6. UC Davis researchers discover new drug target for inflammatory disease
7. UC Davis researchers define characteristics, treatment options for XXYY syndrome
8. UC Davis researcher leads climate-change discovery
9. UC Davis stem researchers demonstrate safety of gene therapy using adult stem cells
10. UC Davis researchers discover how HIV turns food-poisoning into lethal infection
11. UC Davis bird-flu expert calls for changes in early-warning system
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/2/2016)... 2, 2016  Based on its recent analysis ... recognizes US-based Intelligent Retinal Imaging Systems (IRIS) with ... for New Product Innovation. IRIS, a prominent cloud-based ... America , is poised to set the ... retinopathy market. The IRIS technology presents superior price-performance ...
(Date:1/27/2016)... CHESTER, Ohio , Jan. 27, 2016  Rite ... supplier based in West Chester, Ohio ... their award winning service staff, based in ... technical capacity and ability to provide modifications, installations and ... John Dovalina , CEO of PLUS, commented, "PLUS has ...
(Date:1/21/2016)... 21, 2016 --> ... market research report "Emotion Detection and Recognition Market by Technology ... (Facial Expression, Voice Recognition and Others), Services, Application ... to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global Emotion ... USD 22.65 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... PA (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... at the Georgia World Congress Center in Atlanta, Georgia, will include 848 exhibitors ... These leading companies will be displaying products and services used by the scientific ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... NBIX ) today announced its financial results for the quarter ... --> For the fourth quarter of 2015, the ... per share, compared to a net loss of $19.4 million, or ... the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company reported a net ... to a net loss of $60.5 million, or $0.81 loss per ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ATLANTA , Feb. 11, 2016  Wellcentive ... a Portland, Oregon -based community ... to provide population health analytics, quality reporting and ... help FamilyCare strengthen its team of quality managers, ... reporting to the provider groups serving FamilyCare members. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Buffalo, New York (PRWEB) , ... February 11, ... ... and analytical instruments for more than 150 years, continues today to pursue the ... to its line of analytical instruments: the AR9 Refractometer and the AR5 Refractometer. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: