Navigation Links
U of M researchers discover gene required to maintain male sex throughout life
Date:7/20/2011

MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (July 20, 2011) University of Minnesota Medical School and College of Biological Sciences researchers have made a key discovery showing that male sex must be maintained throughout life.

The research team, led by Drs. David Zarkower and Vivian Bardwell of the U of M Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Development, found that removing an important male development gene, called Dmrt1, causes male cells in mouse testis to become female cells.

The findings are published online today in Nature.

In mammals, sex chromosomes (XX in female, XY in male) determine the future sex of the animal during embryonic development by establishing whether the gonads will become testes or ovaries.

"Scientists have long assumed that once the sex determination decision is made in the embryo, it's final," Zarkower said. "We have now discovered that when Dmrt1 is lost in mouse testes even in adults many male cells become female cells and the testes show signs of becoming more like ovaries."

Previous research has shown that removing a gene, called Foxl2, in ovaries caused female cells to become male cells and the ovaries to become more like testes. According to Zarkower, the latest U of M research determines that the gonads of both sexes must actively maintain the original sex determination decision throughout the remainder of life.

For the genetic research community this new understanding is a breakthrough. The findings provide new insight into how to turn one cell type into another, a process known as reprogramming, and also show that throughout life, cells in the testis must be actively prevented from transforming into female cells normally found in the ovary.

"This work shows that sex determination in mammals can be surprisingly prone to change, and must be actively maintained throughout an organism's lifetime," said Dr. Susan Haynes, who oversees developmental biology grants at the National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health. "These new insights have important implications for our understanding of how to reprogram cells to take on different identities, and may shed light on the origin of some human sex reversal disorders."

The new findings may force the scientific community to reconsider how disorders involving human sex-reversal occur. Some of these disorders may not result from errors in the original sex determination decision in the embryo, but instead may result from failure to maintain that decision later in embryonic development. In addition, because DMRT1 has been associated with human gonadal cancers, the researchers hope their findings will provide another clue into how gonadal cancer develops.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kelly O'Connor
oconn246@umn.edu
612-624-5680
University of Minnesota
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Caltech researchers create the first artificial neural network out of DNA
2. Western researchers receive $600,000 to study Prion diseases and Alzheimers
3. Researchers find potential key for unlocking biomass energy
4. Researchers present new trends in HIV cure research, call for proactive outreach programs to prevent HIV transmission in injecting drug users, and demand increased commitments to improving maternal and child health
5. E-health records should play bigger role in patient safety initiatives, researchers advocate
6. John Theurer Cancer Center researchers shared 14 leading edge studies at recent ASCO meeting
7. Researchers provide means of monitoring cellular interactions
8. USC researchers explore the source of empathy in the brain
9. Penn vet researchers show lymphoma drug shrinks dog tumors, could lead to human treatment
10. Wood products part of winning carbon-emissions equation, researchers say
11. IRCM researchers uncover a new piece of the puzzle in the development of our nervous system
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/16/2017)...  Genos, a community for personal genetic discovery ... Laboratory Accreditation from the College of American Pathologists ... that meet stringent requirements around quality, accuracy and ... "Genos is committed to maintaining the highest ... to be receiving CAP accreditation," said Jill ...
(Date:2/9/2017)... LONDON , Feb. 9, 2017 The ... in-depth analysis of the biomass boiler market globally in ... sales of biomass boilers. The market for biomass boilers ... product type, end-user, application, and country/region. The market based ... agriculture & forest residues, biogas & energy crops, urban ...
(Date:2/8/2017)... -- Report Highlights The global biosurgery market ... in 2016 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) ... - An overview of the global market for biosurgery. ... 2015 and 2016, and projections of compound annual growth ... on the basis of product type, source, application, and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... FireflySci, Inc is an explosive small business ... had the goal of bringing their powerful cuvette and spectrophotometer calibration to ... that FireflySci is going on as they add yet another mark on the global ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Calif., Feb. 23, 2017 ... dollars, except per share data, unaudited)Three Months Ended December ... BioMarin Revenue $     ... 22832%$ 1,117$   89026%Aldurazyme Net Product Revenue ... 906538%34823946%Naglazyme Net Product Revenue  ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Feb. 23, 2017  Seattle,s upscale Capitol Hill neighborhood, with its ... place for a head lice treatment salon to set up ... Tuscan restaurant and a French bistro on E Madison Ave, ... aren,t just any old lice clinic, we pride ourselves on ... and release some of the stigma associated with lice. Everyone ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... insulin, cortisol, CRP, adiponectin, uric acid, and/or other biomarkers or SNPs of interest) ... from Salimetrics’ SalivaLab , the relationship between insulin and other relevant biomarkers ...
Breaking Biology Technology: