Navigation Links
U of I receives $1 million USDA grant to study Glossy15 in sorghum
Date:9/9/2010

URBANA A $1 million USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) grant will help University of Illinois researchers determine if changes in the Glossy15 gene system of sorghum will lead to enhanced bioenergy production in the future.

"Understanding how to modify crops we already know about and tailoring them to bioenergy uses is becoming increasingly important," said Stephen Moose, U of I professor of crop sciences and member of the Energy Biosciences Institute in the Institute for Genomic Biology. "If we really want to make this happen, we need to tailor our crops to local environments and develop crops that are economically and environmentally sustainable."

In order to improve biomass yields and conversion to bioenergy, plant traits such as growth habit, sensitivity to day length, flowering time, carbon partitioning, and nutrient use efficiency must be improved, Moose said.

In maize, researchers have found that increased expression of the Glossy15 gene delays flowering and reduces grain yields while leading to greater accumulation of total biomass and stalk sugars. In addition, the nitrogen requirements to maximize total biomass are much less for the hybrids with higher Glossy15 expression.

"Because of the close relationship between maize and sorghum, it's possible that interactions between the genes in maize will help program differences in shoot maturation that distinguish grain, sweet and biomass sorghum cultivars," he said. "We are interested in finding out if this gene can be used to convert superior sorghum grain hybrids to cultivars enhanced for bioenergy production."

Through comparative genomics, targeted resequencing, RNA expression analysis and association mapping, U of I researchers plan to further characterize sorghum in order to regulate shoot maturation.

"Collectively, our results may lead to improved sorghum cultivars optimized for sustainable, low-cost production of biomass for lignocellulosic processing," he said.

Their project titled "Functional analysis of regulatory networks linking shoot maturation, stem carbon partitioning, and nutrient utilization in sorghum" has been approved for the next three years. Researchers include Moose and Patrick Brown of the U of I, and Max Moehs of Arcadia Biosciences in California.

USDA AFRI grants are awarded to projects that accelerate plant breeding programs and improve biomass feedstocks by characterizing the genes, proteins, and molecular interactions that influence biomass production. Their goal is to lay the groundwork for biofuels derived from lignocellulosic biomass materials.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jennifer Shike
jshike@illinois.edu
217-244-0888
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Wistar Institute researcher receives New Innovator award from NIH
2. L-1 Identity Solutions Receives $5.9 Million Drivers License Contract Expansion from the State of Mississippi
3. Kount Receives Patent for Device Fingerprinting
4. American College of Medical Genetics receives $13.5M NIH contract
5. Penn State receives new NASA astrobiology grant
6. Global Viral Forecasting Initiative receives $11M to implement pandemic early warning system
7. Vidaza receives positve opinion from European CHMP
8. Case Western Reserve receives Ellison Medical Foundation New Scholar in Aging award
9. Montana State partnership receives $66.9M for carbon sequestration
10. Oklahoma EPSCoR receives $20 million for biofuels research
11. UC Riverside rice geneticist receives high honor from US Department of Agriculture
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/26/2016)... 27, 2016 Research and ... Biometrics Market 2016-2020"  report to their offering.  , ... The analysts forecast the global multimodal biometrics ... during the period 2016-2020.  Multimodal biometrics ... such as the healthcare, BFSI, transportation, automotive, and ...
(Date:4/15/2016)...  A new partnership announced today will help ... in a fraction of the time it takes ... life insurance policies to consumers without requiring inconvenient ... Diagnostics, rapid testing (A1C, Cotinine and HIV) and ... weight, pulse, BMI, and activity data) available at ...
(Date:4/14/2016)... TEL AVIV, Israel , April 14, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... in Behavioral Authentication and Malware Detection, today announced the ... has already assumed the new role. Goldwerger,s ... for BioCatch, on the heels of the deployment of ... In addition, BioCatch,s behavioral biometric technology, which discerns unique ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2016 , ... ... building management solutions and services based in Aurora, Ohio, has broken ground on ... business in the Research Triangle Park area, this new location solidifies a commitment ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 20, 2016 , ... The leading ... of its most experienced veterinary clients have treated over 100 of their own patients ... technology to provide the highest level of care for their patients. , The ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... ... May 20, 2016 , ... The recent recall by ... reported by Food Safety News on May 12, 2016(1), demonstrates the need for faster ... CEO of Baltimore-based biotech firm, PathSensors, Inc. , PathSensor’s latest solution ...
(Date:5/19/2016)... YORK , May 19, 2016 ... space will fully recover given the relentless pressures in ... for sure in the investors circle though - numerous ... due-diligence. Ahead of today,s session, ActiveWallSt.com,s presents four names ... PTLA ), Vitae Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: VTAE ...
Breaking Biology Technology: