Navigation Links
Two new species of yellow-shouldered bats endemic to the Neotropics
Date:4/16/2014

Lying forgotten in museum collections two new species of yellow-shouldered bats have been unearthed by scientists at the American Museum of New York and The Field Museum of Natural History and described in the open access journal ZooKeys. These two new additions to the genus Sturnira are part of a recent discovery of three bats hidden away in collections around the world, the third one still waiting to be officially announced.

Up until recently the genus Sturnira was believed to contain only 14 species. In the last years closer morphological and molecular analysis have revealed an unexpected species richness in the genus. Sturnira now includes 22 described species, making it the most speciose genus in the Neotropical bat family Phyllostomidae.

Phyllostomidae, or the New World leaf-nosed bats are exclusively found in the biodiversity rich tropical areas of Central and South America. Both the scientific and common names of these bats refer to their often large, lance-shaped noseleaves. Because these bats use echolocation to orientate in the darkness the "nose-leaf" is thought to serve some role in fine-tuning their call.

All species in the yellow-shouldered genus Sturnira are frugivorous which means they feed largely on fruit. They are endemic to the Neotropics where they inhabit tropical lowland and montane forests. In fact the greatest diversity in the genus occurs on the elevated forested slopes of the Andes where at least 11 species occur.

The two newly described species, Sturnira bakeri and Sturnira burtonlimi occur in western Ecuador and in Costa Rica and Panama. The reason why they went unrecognized in collections is a superficial resemblance with other species in the genus, most of which were described without adequate illustrations to communicate identifying characteristics. Only after an in-depth molecular analysis that included over 100 samples from most of the species of the genus could the new species be identified. "Modern electronic publications like ZooKeys permit extensive and detailed color photography to accompany taxonomic descriptions. Any reader can easily and clearly appreciate the character states we use to distinguish these new taxa" said co-author Bruce Patterson.


'/>"/>

Contact: Paúl M. Velazco
pvelazco@amnh.org
Pensoft Publishers
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Carp dominate crayfish in invasive species battleground
2. New species of deep-sea catshark described from the Galapagos
3. Global warming threat to coral reefs: Can some species adapt?
4. Hiding in plain sight, a new frog species with a weird croak is identified in New York City
5. Hiding in plain sight, new frog species found in New York City
6. European grasslands challenge rainforests as the most species-rich spaces on Earth
7. A new pipewort species from a unique, but fragile habitat in India
8. Plant DNA speaks English, identifies new species
9. Ancient whale species sheds new light on its modern relatives
10. Head and body lice appear to be the same species, genetic study finds
11. Weeding out invasive species with classical biological control
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Two new species of yellow-shouldered bats endemic to the Neotropics
(Date:3/30/2017)... -- Trends, opportunities and forecast in this market to ... AFIS, iris recognition, facial recognition, hand geometry, vein recognition, ... industry (government and law enforcement, commercial and retail, health ... and by region ( North America , ... , and the Rest of the World) ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... - Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their offering. ... The Global Biometric Vehicle ... around 15.1% over the next decade to reach approximately $1,580 million ... estimates and forecasts for all the given segments on global as ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... 21, 2017 Vigilant Solutions , a ... enforcement agencies, announced today the appointment of retired FBI ... public safety business development. Mr. Sheridan brings ... including a focus on the aviation transportation sector, to ... position, Mr. Sheridan served as the Aviation Liaison Agent ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... file transfer solution that makes it easy for organizations to send and gather ... about cumbersome FTP software or email file size limitations. , Using the ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... Genedata, a ... anniversary, marking the occasion with a strong presence at Bio-IT World Conference & ... further extends an invitation to all attendees to view posters on the ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... , ... May 23, 2017 , ... Vortex Biosciences ... “Label-free isolation of prostate circulating tumor cells using Vortex microfluidic technology ” in ... of a collaboration with Dr. Dino Di Carlo and Dr. Matthew Rettig at the ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... , ... Bacterial biofilms, surface adherent communities of bacteria that are encased in ... poisoning and catheter infections to gum disease and the rejection of medical implants. ... per year, there is currently a paucity of means for preventing their formation or ...
Breaking Biology Technology: