Navigation Links
Twins are intriguing research subjects for Notre Dame biometircs researchers
Date:9/8/2010

Each year in August, the aptly named town of Twinsburg, Ohio, is the site of the largest official gathering of twins in the world. Open to all multiples identical and fraternal twins, triplets and quads from newborns to octogenarians the weekend's events include food, live entertainment, a golf tournament, and a twins' parade.

The event also has become an important site for field research by Kevin Bowyer and Patrick Flynn of the University of Notre Dame's Department of Computer Science and Engineering. Flynn has a twin sister, making this research especially relevant to him.

Flynn and Bowyer have been developing and assessing image-based biometrics and multi-biometrics technologies since 2001, including first-of-kind comparisons of face photographs, face thermograms, 3-D face images, iris images, video of human gait, and even ear and hand shapes.

A biometric is a stable and distinctive physiological feature of a person that can be measured and used to identify that person; the fingerprint is the most familiar example.

In the wake of the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, federal agencies have become increasingly interested in the feasibility of facial and iris recognition technologies.

Bowyer and Flynn have received two grants from the Federal Bureau of Investigation for research into the discrimination of identical twins. Even identical twins have unique irises. They are examining how iris biometrics performs in twins to confirm prior claims that biometrics is capable of differentiating between twins and to explore if human observers can make distinctions that current iris biometrics technologies cannot.

At the Twinsburg event, Bowyer and Flynn recruited volunteers to capture biometrical samples of identical twins. The volunteers sat at the center of a half-circle arc surrounded by five cameras which took high resolution color photographs from different angles. Volunteers also posed for iris and 3-D face imaging cameras.

After acquisition and assembly of these field-collected data, the researchers then presented unlabeled twin and non-twin image pairs in equal numbers to another group of human volunteers on campus. These volunteers were told to record their opinion of whether the image pairs came from a pair of twins or from unrelated individuals.

Bowyer's and Flynn's research indicates that the participants can correctly classify pairs of twins with 80 percent accuracy using only the appearance of the iris, a level that rules out the possibility of random guessing.

Their research suggests that iris images may be able to be used for purposes beyond those that are currently envisioned by the biometrics research community. The researchers plan on continuing to analyze data from the Twinsburg event to look closer at the feasibility of new types of automated iris image analysis. Initial results of their work appear in the Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Biometrics Workshop and the International Carnahan Conference on Security Technology.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kevin Bowyer
kwb@cse.nd.edu
574-631-9978
University of Notre Dame
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Genomes of identical twins reveal epigenetic changes that may play role in lupus
2. Team led by Scripps Research scientist identifies new gene for memory
3. Researchers at UC Riverside find solution to cell death problem vexing stem cell research
4. Researchers at Childrens Hospital Los Angeles find diet-induced obesity accelerates leukemia
5. Kaj Blennows research into M. Alzheimer recognized by the 2010 ECNP Neuropsychopharmacology Award
6. Researchers define role of CEP290 in maintaining ciliary function
7. AgriLife research hibiscus breeder comes up with the blue
8. Research about Brazilian marine biodiversity brings researchers from 5 countries together
9. Researchers identify how bone-marrow stem cells hold their breath in low-oxygen environments
10. SRNL, Chernobyl Laboratory collaborate on research initiatives
11. Lupus Research Institute-funded study points to increased risk for lupus in men
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/22/2016)... PROVO and SANDY, ... Screening Ontario (NSO), which operates the highest sample volume ... testing, and Tute Genomics and UNIConnect, leaders in clinical ... today announced the launch of a project to establish ... testing panel. NSO has been contracted ...
(Date:3/17/2016)... -- ABI Research, the leader in transformative technology ... will reach more than $30 billion by 2021, ... electronics, particularly smartphones, continue to boost the biometrics ... two billion shipments by 2021 at a 40% ... Analyst at ABI Research. "Surveillance is also gearing ...
(Date:3/14/2016)... Florida , March 14, 2016 ... the growing mobile commerce market, announces the airing of a ... channels starting the week of March 21 st .  The ... CNBC, including its popular Squawk on the Street show. ... focused on the growing mobile commerce market, announces the airing ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... During a two day program ... viable company, CereScan’s CEO, John Kelley, joined other Denver business leaders in providing ... in the Denver area business community, shared his top fundamental learnings in building ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016 ... company reports the Company,s CEO  was featured in ... Accelerators Enter When VCs Fear To Tread: ... Leader magazine is an essential business ... everything from emerging biotechs to Big Pharmas. Their ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... Cambridge Semantics, ... web technology, today announced that it has been named to The Silicon Review’s “20 ... services and other markets, Cambridge Semantics serves the needs of end users facing some ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. , April 27, ... ) announced today that Martine Rothblatt , Ph.D., ... provide an overview and update on the company,s business ... Care Conference. The presentation will take place ... Time, and can be accessed via a live webcast ...
Breaking Biology Technology: