Navigation Links
Tropical biodiversity is about the neighbors
Date:6/25/2010

Home to jaguars, harpy eagles and red-eyed tree frogs, tropical forests support some of the rarest species on the planet and are the most biodiverse ecosystems on land. Understanding why some species are common while others are exceedingly rare has been a challenge in these mega-diverse forests. New results from a massive study at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute show that interactions among community members play an important role in determining which organisms thrive.

"Based on information about the survival of more than 30,000 seedlings of 180 species of tropical trees, we found that seedlings of rare species are much more sensitive to the presence of neighbors of their own species than seedlings of common species are," said Liza Comita, the primary author on the study and now a postdoctoral fellow at the U.S. National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis. "Not only does this tell us where to look for the mechanisms that explain why certain species are rare, but it also provides potential clues about how to conserve rare species that are most vulnerable to extinction."

The lowland tropical forest on Panama's Barro Colorado Island is the site of a huge long-term study focusing on plant diversity: more than 400,000 individual trees and shrubs of more than 300 species have been marked, mapped and measured every five years for the past 30 years. A unique window on climate change and other large-scale processes, the experiment was originally set up because two ecologists, Robin Foster, now at Chicago's Field Museum, and Stephen Hubbell at UCLA, a co-author on this paper, had an argument about how life organizes itself.

What determines the members of a community? The study sitea patch of forest the size of nearly 100 football fieldsis large enough to include individuals of many rare species that would not be present in smaller studies. After realizing that many of the processes that shape diversity happen early in a tree's life, researchers decided to expand the study to include an annual survey of seedlings growing in the forest understory. This study of seedlings, led by Comita, Hubbell and Panamanian botanist and co-author Salomn Aguilar, has now been going for nearly a decade and has yielded new insights into this diverse forest.

For years, researchers have noticed that individual plants surrounded by neighbors of the same species do not grow and survive as well as individual plants surrounded by other species. Some evidence suggests that this is either because pests and pathogens move more readily among individuals of the same species or because they are competing with each other for the same resources.

"It became clear with this seedling survival survey that even though neighbors can be shaded out by individuals of the same or of other species, there are real differences in the survival of different species depending on how many of their neighbors are the same species," said Helene Muller-Landau, staff scientist at the Smithsonian and adjunct professor at the University of Minnesota. "Some of our colleagues are working on the specific mechanisms that explain these differences, and we look forward to seeing their results, which will be published soon."


'/>"/>

Contact: Beth King
kingb@si.edu
703-487-3770 x8216
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Bacterioplankton responses to desert dust in the (sub)tropical northeast Atlantic
2. Low-tech cool: Shade trees for subtropical streets
3. Local social dynamics key to success of tropical marine conservation areas
4. Brown biologist solves mystery of tropical grasses origin
5. MSU researcher awarded $2 million to tackle parasitic tropical diseases
6. First phase of pan-tropical forest mapping debuting at COP15
7. Breakthrough in monitoring tropical deforestation announced in Copenhagen
8. Tropical birds waited for land crossing between North and South America: UBC study
9. Tropical forests affected by habitat fragmentation store less biomass and carbon dioxide
10. Plant fossils give first real picture of earliest Neotropical rainforests
11. Global warming threatens tropical species, the ecosystem and its by-products
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Tropical biodiversity is about the neighbors
(Date:11/14/2016)... Calif. , Nov. 14, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... biometric identification market, Frost & Sullivan recognizes ... & Sullivan Award for Visionary Innovation Leadership. ... in the biometric identification market by pioneering ... verification solution for instant, seamless, and non-invasive ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... ANGELES , June 22, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... identity management and verification solutions, has partnered ... edge software solutions for Visitor Management, Self-Service ... provides products that add functional enhancements ... partnership provides corporations and venues with an ...
(Date:6/20/2016)... -- Securus Technologies, a leading provider of civil ... investigation, corrections and monitoring announced that after exhaustive ... the final acceptance by all three (3) Department ... (MAS) installed. Furthermore, Securus will have contracts for ... October, 2016. MAS distinguishes between legitimate wireless device ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2016)... 2016  The Allen Institute for Cell Science ... publicly available collection of gene edited, fluorescently tagged ... cellular structures with unprecedented clarity. Distributed through the ... are a crucial first step toward visualizing the ... makes human cells healthy and what goes wrong ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... Nov. 30, 2016  Tempus, a technology company ... and Penn,s Abramson Cancer Center have partnered to ... response to immunotherapy treatment based on next generation ... part of a research collaboration, Tempus will provide ... cancer patient data to Penn. Utilizing next-generation sequencing, ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... 2016   Merck , ein führendes ... einer Reihe von Vereinbarungen mit Evotec AG ... Screeningleistungen für Mercks Palette genetischer Reagenzien wie ... diese Bibliotheken in Kombination mit Evotecs Expertise ... zur Ermittlung und Erforschung neuer Arzneimitteltargets.    ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... 30, 2016   Merck , a leading science ... into a set of agreements with Evotec AG, whereby ... of genetic reagents such as CRISPR and shRNA libraries. ... offers an accelerated pathway to explore and identify new ... identification of new targets, a process that can be ...
Breaking Biology Technology: