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Trisomy 21: How an extra little chromosome throws the entire genome off balance
Date:4/17/2014

on of the whole genome, and disrupts the general equilibrium of gene expression. We could make an analogy with climate change, adds Professor Antonarakis. Even if the temperature rises by only one or two degrees, it will rain a lot less in the tropics, and a lot more in temperate zones. Global climate equilibrium can thus be disrupted by a tiny element.

This study opens the door to a new way of understanding the molecular mechanisms that explain the symptoms of Down syndrome. The UNIGE team will now continue its research to understand molecular mechanisms at stake, and link this disrupted gene expression with the phenotypes associated with Down syndrome. The end goal of this research is to find ways to revert the dysregulation of cellular gene expression back to normal, with the objective to correct the cellular abnormalities in this disease. Progress in this field could also be applied to other diseases with genome imbalance.


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Contact: Stylianos Antonarakis
stylianos.antonarakis@unige.ch
41-223-795-708
Universit de Genve
Source:Eurekalert  

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Trisomy 21: How an extra little  chromosome throws the  entire genome off balance
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