Navigation Links
Treating stable flies in pastures
Date:1/2/2013

This press release is available in Spanish.

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists are developing strategies to help livestock producers control stable flies, the most damaging arthropod pests of cattle in the United States.

An economic impact assessment by scientists at the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Agroecosystem Management Research Unit (AMRU) in Lincoln, Neb., looked at four sectors of cattle production: dairy, cow/calf, pastured and range stocker, and animals on feed. They found that stable flies cost the U.S. cattle industry more than $2.4 billion each year, due to reduced milk production in dairy cows, decreased weight gain in beef cattle, and lowered feed efficiency.

Stable flies are not only a problem in barnyards and stables for which they are named, but in pastures as well. AMRU entomologist David Taylor and his colleagues showed that this is partly due to the use of large bales of hay placed in fields as supplemental feed for cattle during winter. These feeding sites where wasted hay, manure and urine accumulate produce an ideal habit for stable flies.

To find an easy, inexpensive, quick way to control stable flies, Taylor tested cyromazine, an insect growth regulator that interferes with molting and proper development of an insect's external skeleton. A single application of cyromazine sprinkled on a hay-feeding site reduced the number of emerging adult stable flies by 97 percent. The treatment took 10 minutes, cost $10 per site and was effective for 10 to 20 weeks.

Other potential methods for controlling stable flies include what AMRU entomologist Jerry Zhu calls a "push and pull" strategy. The "push" requires using a repellent to drive flies away from livestock. Treatments contain effective plant-based repellent chemicals like catnip that are low in toxicity. The "pull" involves developing natural attractants or substances associated with the flies' environment to lure and trap them.

So far, Zhu and his team have developed several catnip oil formulations to reduce stable fly field populations. In collaboration with Microtek Laboratories, Inc., of Dayton, Ohio, the researchers are testing a new granular catnip product that prevents stable flies from laying eggs.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sandra Avant
Sandra.avant@ars.usda.gov
301-504-1627
United States Department of Agriculture - Research, Education and Economics
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Nanotherapy: Treating deadly brain tumors by delivering big radiation with tiny tools
2. New hope for treating Alzheimers Disease: A role for the FKBP52 protein
3. Discovery offers insight into treating viral stomach flu
4. A new candidate pathway for treating visceral obesity
5. Research on improvements in diagnosing and treating tuberculosis
6. New compound holds promise for treating Duchenne MD, other inherited diseases
7. LSUHSC research finds treating stress prevented new MS brain lesions
8. Weight-loss clinic drop-out rates are a huge barrier to treating obesity
9. New potential targets discovered for treating squamous cell lung cancers
10. Hormone combination effective and safe for treating obesity in mice
11. Better approach to treating deadly melanoma identified by scientists
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/22/2016)... , January 22, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the  "Global ... their offering. --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4lmf2s/global_behavioral ... the  "Global Behavioral Biometric Market 2016-2020" ... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/4lmf2s/global_behavioral ) ...
(Date:1/20/2016)... 2016  Synaptics Incorporated (NASDAQ: SYNA ), ... announced sampling of S1423, its newest ClearPad ® ... screen applications including smartwatches, fitness trackers, and touch ... rectangular shapes, as well as thick and curved ... on screen, while wearing gloves, and supports swipes ...
(Date:1/11/2016)... 2016 Synaptics Incorporated (NASDAQ: SYNA ), ... that its ClearPad ® TouchView ™ 4300 ... separate categories in the 8 th Annual Mobile ... Breakthrough. The Synaptics ® TDDI solution enables faster ... thinner devices, brighter displays and borderless designs. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... 09, 2016 , ... The publishing industry has been witnessing ... one of the popular publication models that has received wider acknowledgement from the ... International Conferences across the globe, OMICS International is all set to ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... HOUSTON , Feb. 9, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... virus-driven immunotherapies for cancer, announced that its ... the European Commission as an orphan medicinal ... the deadliest form of glioma, strikes approximately ... and EU. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160208/330986LOGO ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... and LONDON , February 9, 2016 ... bio tech replace paper and protect IP ... electronic laboratory notebook (ELN) will be rolled out in ... research and development (R&D) and protect valuable IP. Users will ... follow a specific researcher or experiment as part of the ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... 9, 2016 BERG, a biopharmaceutical company ... approach, has announced the appointment of Jason ... Operating Officer. Haddock brings to BERG over 20 ... years in senior financial functions at pharmaceutical companies, ... organizational management. Niven R. Narain ...
Breaking Biology Technology: