Navigation Links
Tracking poultry litter phosphorus: Threat of accumulation?
Date:1/28/2009

MADISON, WI, JANUARY 26, 2009 The Delmarva Peninsula, flanking the eastern shore of the Chesapeake Bay, is home to some 600 million chickens. The resulting poultry manure and some of the chicken house bedding material is usually composted and then spread onto croplands as a fertilizer.

Phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance (31P NMR) and other methods of soil analysis have previously shown that two forms of phosphorus orthophosphate and phytate (aka myoinositol hexakis phosphate) dominate composted poultry litter. Although much is known about the transport of orthophosphate in soils, very little is known about the fate of phytate, a compound that is indigestible by poultry and abundant in poultry litter. With six phosphate groups per molecule phytate has the potential to be a significant player in non-point phosphorus pollution.

As part of her doctoral dissertation research at Yale University, scientist Jane Hill worked with scientist Barbara Cade-Menun at Stanford University to investigate the fate of phytate in crop soils on the Delmarva Peninsula. Specifically, Hill and Cade-Menun measured changes in phosphorus forms along a spatial transect on two active poultry farms. Using 31P NMR and supporting analytical methods, they found that phytate concentration was high in manures (about 50% of total P) but was not retained in crop soils and ditch sediments, where concentrations dropped to 2 to 15% of the total P. A corresponding increase in soil and sediment orthophosphate was also measured.

The study concluded that phytate does not accumulate in soils, but rather, is most likely to be hydrolyzed in situ by microorganisms. Results of the study were published in the January-February issue of the Journal of Environmental Quality.

Research in the respective groups of Drs. Hill and Cade-Menun is ongoing. Dr. Hill is focused on assessing the timing and controls on phytate hydrolysis in soils. Dr. Cade-Menun is currently a nutrient cycling scientist with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada at the Semiarid Prairie Agricultural Research Station, focusing on the impacts of agricultural nutrients on the environment.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sara Uttech
suttech@soils.org
608-268-4948
Soil Science Society of America
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Tracking the molecular pathway to mixed-lineage leukemia
2. VUANCE Announces Crime Scene Security and Evidentiary Tracking Development Project
3. Studies on imaging and tracking transplanted cells
4. Oral rinses used for tracking HPV-positive head and neck cancers holds promise for cancer screening
5. Scientists achieve first tracking of salmon from headwaters in Rockies through Pacific to Alaska
6. Tracking down the cause of mad cow disease
7. Paleozoic sediment curve provides new tool for tracking sea-floor sediment movements
8. Tracking prions
9. Tracking influenzas every movement
10. Tracking stroke
11. GestureTek/Imagination Launch AirPoint, Worlds First Hand-Tracking Unit, for Shell Group.
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/31/2016)... 31, 2016   ... the "Company") LegacyXChange is excited to release ... soon to be launched online site for trading 100% ... ) will also provide potential shareholders a sense of ... to an industry that is notorious for fraud. The ...
(Date:3/23/2016)... , March 23, 2016 ... erhöhter Sicherheit Gesichts- und Stimmerkennung mit Passwörtern ... (NASDAQ: MESG ), ein führender ... das Unternehmen mit SpeechPro zusammenarbeitet, um erstmals ... Finanzdienstleistungsbranche, wird die Möglichkeit angeboten, im Rahmen ...
(Date:3/21/2016)... 2016 Unique technology combines ... superior security   Xura, Inc. ... secure digital communications services, today announced it is working ... enterprise customers, particularly those in the Financial Services Sector, ... authentication within a mobile app, alongside, and in combination ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... FireflySci ... used in leading laboratories all over the globe. Their cute firefly logo has ... manufacturing awesome cuvettes, FireflySci makes spectrophotometer calibration standards that never require recalibration. ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... The Ankle Plating System 3 ... to address fractures of the distal tibia and fibula. This system marks Acumed's ... System 3 is composed of seven plate families that span the lateral, medial, ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Scientists at the University of Athens say they have evidence ... hampering the research that could lead to one good one. Surviving Mesothelioma has just ... , The team evaluated 98 mesothelioma patients who got a second ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... Biohaven Pharmaceutical ... (FDA) has granted the company’s orphan drug designation request covering BHV-4157 for the ... granted by the FDA. , Spinocerebellar ataxia is a rare, debilitating neurodegenerative ...
Breaking Biology Technology: