Navigation Links
Tobacco company's new, dissolvable nicotine products could lead to accidental poisoning

Boston, MA A tobacco company's new, dissolvable nicotine pellet--which is being sold as a tobacco product, but which in some cases resembles popular candies--could lead to accidental nicotine poisoning in children, according to a new study from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH), the Northern Ohio Poison Control Center, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The researchers also say the candy-like products could appeal to young people and lead to nicotine addiction as well.

The study appears in an advance online edition of the journal Pediatrics on April 19, 2010 and will appear in a later print issue.

In 2009, the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company launched a dissolvable nicotine product called Camel Orbs, which according to the company's promotional literature contains 1 mg nicotine per pellet and is flavored with cinnamon or mint. The company also introduced Camel Strips (to contain 0.6 mg nicotine per strip) and Sticks (to contain 3.1 mg nicotine per strip).

It appears that the product is intended as a temporary form of nicotine for smokers in settings where smoking is banned. However, the potential public health effect could be disastrous, particularly for infants and adolescents, said Professor Gregory Connolly, lead author of the study and director of the Tobacco Control Research Program at HSPH.

Ingestion of tobacco products by infants and children is a major reason for calls to poison control centers nationwide. In 2007, 6,724 tobacco-related poisoning cases were reported among children five years of age and under. Small children can experience nausea and vomiting from as little as 1 mg of nicotine.

"This product is called a 'tobacco' product, but in the eyes of a 4-year-old, the pellets look more like candy than a regular cigarette. Nicotine is a highly addictive drug and to make it look like a piece of candy is recklessly playing with the health of children," said Connolly.

The researchers computed, based on median body weight, how much nicotine ingestion would lead to symptoms of poisoning in children: A one-year-old infant could suffer mild to moderate symptoms of nicotine poisoning by ingesting 8 to 14 Orbs, 14 Strips or 3 Sticks; ingesting 10 to 17 Orbs, 17 Strips or 3 to 4 Sticks could result in severe toxicity or death. A four-year-old child could have moderate symptoms by ingesting 13 to 21 Orbs, 14 Strips or 4 Sticks and could suffer severe toxicity or death by consuming 16 to 27 Orbs, 27 Strips or 5 Sticks. The researchers report that a poison control center in Portland, Oregon, a test market for Orbs, reported a case in which a three-year old ingested an Orbs pellet.

R.J. Reynolds claims that Orbs packaging is "child resistant," but the researchers say adults could unknowingly leave the pellets out in the open where children could easily access them. The researchers also say that the candy-like appearance and flavoring and ease-of-use of the product could appeal to children.


Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard School of Public Health

Related biology news :

1. Does the desire to consume alcohol and tobacco come from our genetic makeup?
2. Scientists discover how cigarette smoke causes cancer: Study points to new treatments, safer tobacco
3. Your babys brain on drugs (and alcohol and tobacco)
4. UT researchers find link between advertising and increased tobacco use among Indias youth
5. Infection blocks lungs protective response against tobacco smoke
6. Novel bioreactor enhances interleukin-12 production in genetically modified tobacco plants
7. Tobacco makes medicine
8. Women more vulnerable to tobacco carcinogens, new results show
9. Novel mechanism revealed for increasing recombinant protein yield in tobacco
10. Tobacco plant-made therapeutic thwarts West Nile virus
11. Tobacco plant thwarts caterpillar onslaught by opening flowers in the morning
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/10/2015)... , Nov. 10, 2015  In this ... the basis of product, type, application, disease ... in this report are consumables, services, software. ... are safety biomarkers, efficacy biomarkers, and validation ... report are diagnostics development, drug discovery and ...
(Date:11/9/2015)... 2015  Synaptics Inc. (NASDAQ: SYNA ), the ... entry into the automotive market with a comprehensive and ... of consumer electronics human interface innovation. Synaptics, industry-leading touch ... the automotive industry and will be implemented in numerous ... , Japan , and ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... 29, 2015   MedNet Solutions , an innovative ... of clinical research, is pleased to announce that it ... (MHTA) as one of only three finalists for a ... Small and Growing" category. The Tekne Awards honor ... superior technology innovation and leadership. iMedNet™ ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... FRANCISCO , Dec. 1, 2015  Twist Bioscience, a ... Emily Leproust , Ph.D., has been selected as one ... 2015 for fast-tracking the building blocks of life . ... Global Thinkers whose contributions and work have changed lives ... --> "It is an honor to be recognized ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... SAN DIEGO , Dec. 1, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... that uses allogeneic stem cells for cardiovascular indications, ... clinical trial protocol based on recommendations from a ... leaders and its Scientific Advisory Board members ... boards analyzed preliminary Phase IIa safety and efficacy ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... Cepheid (Nasdaq: CPHD ) today announced ... Jaffray Healthcare Conference in New York City ... its outlook for the fourth quarter of 2015 and ... longer term business model expectations. John Bishop ... to be the fastest growing company of the major ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... Global ... practitioners and aesthetics professionals from Central America and abroad for the first Iberoamerican ... City, Panama Feb. 17-19, 2016. Testart will present and discuss new trends in ...
Breaking Biology Technology: