Navigation Links
Timely change for tweeters' tune
Date:11/20/2012

Do birds change their tune in response to urban noise? It depends on the bird species, according to Dr. Alejandro Ariel Ros-Cheln from the Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico and colleagues. Their work shows that while some birds do adapt their songs in noisy conditions by means of frequency changes, others like the vermilion flycatchers adapt their song by means of changes in song lengths. The work is published online in Springer's journal, Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.

Birds use their songs during social interactions to attract females and repel intruders. Factors affecting acoustic communication, such as urban noise, may therefore impair breeding success. Research to date has shown that several songbird (or oscine) species like robins, nightingales and blackbirds, adapt their song in response to noise. This is done in order to improve acoustic communication in noisy conditions. However, little work has been done on the more tropical sister group of the oscines, the sub-oscines, which includes the vermillion flycatcher.

Rios-Cheln and team investigated whether male vermilion flycatchers adapted their song under noisy conditions in the same way as their less tropical sister group. They recorded the songs of 29 territorial vermilion flycatcher males in different parks and urban areas of Mexico City. They registered noise levels at different moments of both the pre-dawn and dawn chorus, measured song length, and counted the total number of elements in the birds' song to assess song versatility.

They found that males occupying territories with relatively high noise levels produced longer songs, whereas males in quieter places sang both long and short songs. Males also showed song plasticity as they sang less versatile songs later in the morning when noise level was higher, but time of day seemed to play a more important role in driving this shift than did noise levels.

The authors conclude, "While these results show that time of day has an effect on individual song versatility, we cannot discard an influence of noise... this study supports the idea that sub-oscine adaptation to noise is different in degree and mode to that taking place among oscines, suggesting heterogeneity in the capacity of bird species to colonize and survive in the urban environment."


'/>"/>
Contact: Alexander Brown
alexander.brown@springer.com
212-620-8063
Springer Science+Business Media
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Estrogenic plants linked to altered hormones, possible behavior changes in monkeys
2. Multiple sclerosis immune exchange between brain and blood is uncovered
3. Indirect effects of climate change could alter landscapes
4. University of Michigan, Michigan State University award grants for Great Lakes climate change research
5. Climate change increases stress, need for restoration on grazed public lands
6. Plants and soils could exacerbate climate change as global climate warms
7. Climate change threatens giant pandas bamboo buffet -- and survival
8. Raising the african voice on climate change
9. Climate change threatens giant pandas bamboo buffet and survival
10. The IPCC Report on Climate Change - Swedish professor Thomas Sterner selected as 1 of the experts
11. The Phosphorus Index: Changes afoot
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/20/2016)... 20, 2016 A market that just keeps ... from the explosion in genomics knowledge. Learn all about ... A range of dynamic trends are pushing market growth ... medicine - pharmacogenomics - pathogen evolution - next generation ... - greater understanding of the role of genetic material ...
(Date:1/15/2016)... Rico , Jan. 15, 2016 Recent ... and small to find new ways to ensure data ... iOS and Android that ... on biometrics, transforming it into a hardware authorization token. ... users swipe their fingerprint on their KodeKey enabled device ...
(Date:1/11/2016)... , Jan. 11, 2016  higi, the leading ... 10,000 retail locations, web and mobile, today announced ... million from existing investors. --> ... devoted to further innovate higi,s health platform – ... web portal – including expanding services and programs ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... cell treatment clinic in Quito, Ecuador. The new facility will provide advanced protocols ... patients from around the world. , The new GSCG clinic is headed ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... 10, 2016  The Maryland House of Delegates and ... that University of Maryland School of Medicine Dean ... of Maryland Medical System President and CEO Robert ... the highest honor given to the public by the ... Dean Reece and Mr. Chrencik for their contributions ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... that it has joined the Human Vaccines Project, a public-private partnership to ... cancer. , The Human Vaccines Project brings together leading pharmaceutical and ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... 10, 2016  Matchbook, Inc., a company specializing ... biotech companies, announced today the appointment of ... Jim brings nearly 25 years of experience in ... spent nearly two decades in executive level roles ... at Genzyme and, most recently headed global logistics ...
Breaking Biology Technology: