Navigation Links
Thermodynamics really from scratch -- in a new textbook
Date:11/14/2012

ficantly accelerated by increasing pressure only.

At present, thermodynamics tells chemists exactly which chemical reactions and under which conditions will take place spontaneously, and when some catalyst is needed to decrease kinetic barriers preventing the course of reactions. Thermodynamics allows for producing new chemical substances and identifying energy efficient manufacturing processes. It is an indispensable physicist's tool to understand the properties of systems under study, a biologist's tool to describe processes in cells, and an engineer's tool to design more efficient engines and motors.

At the same time, thermodynamics is a rigorous, excellently formalised and completed field of mathematics. David Hilbert, a famous German mathematician, said once that from among all the areas of physics, thermodynamics had been the easiest one for axiomatisation.

"In the faculties of physics, thermodynamics is often taught in combination with statistical physics," remarks Prof. Hołyst. "As a matter of fact, thermodynamics does not need statistical physics at all. That's why our textbook does not have it. We present thermodynamics as a consistent structure originating from the theory of differential forms."

The first part of the book introduces concisely the formalism of differential forms. Mastering mathematical foundations of thermodynamics allows one to notice interrelationships between various aspects of this discipline. "For example, there is no need to refer to non-measureable and therefore legendary entropy, if you know that all you can infer from entropy can be also inferred from Gibbs free energy that can be measured, for instance, by testing battery voltage," remarks Prof. Hołyst, adding: "We do our best to have the reader understand that conversion of entropy into free Gibbs energy is dictated by human comfort only. Ultimately, we learn thermodynamics to measure something."

Subsequent parts of the
'/>"/>

Contact: Robert Holyst
holyst@ichf.edu.pl
48-223-433-123
Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. What is really causing the child obesity epidemic?
2. Are we really a nation of animal lovers?
3. OpenStax Colleges free textbooks will save students $1 million this fall
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/17/2014)... , Dec. 16, 2014  Automation is ... this more evident than at international borders. Over ... document scanners have allowed veteran travelers to self ... Passport Control (APC) Kiosks at an increasing number ... globe. According to Maxine ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... N.C. , Dec. 10, 2014  That blood pressure ... quite a while. Hypertension – the medical term for high ... the early 1800s, and the inflatable cuff that,s used in ... doesn,t, however, mean there,s nothing new about hypertension, its triggers ... long-held beliefs about the condition and the best ways to ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... 9, 2014  Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center today announced ... School of Medicine. Funding for this $50 million capital ... will be publicly launched next summer. ... former 60 series R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company complex, adjacent ... begin immediately with plans to be ready to welcome ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Automated Border Control (ABC) Transforms the Global Travel Experience With More Than 2500 ABC eGates and APC Kiosks Deployed In Airports, Seaports, and Land Borders Worldwide 2Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 2Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 3Research points to need for new approaches to treatment of high blood pressure 4Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 2Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 3Wake Forest Baptist to Build New Medical Education Facility In Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 4
... and, new research shows, an infrared laser can make a ... and Vanderbilt University found that pulsed light can pace contractions ... the tissue. The work, "Optical pacing of the embryonic heart," ... Nature Photonics on Aug. 15, 2010. According to ...
... 27 BIO-key International, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20050509/BIOKEYLOGO ) ... What: , BIO-key International, Inc. Second Quarter ... Thursday, July 29, 2010 - 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time ... Live via phone by dialing 800-860-2442 and asking for the BIO-key call ...
... 13, 2010The easy accessibility of the eye and the ... offer hope for using gene therapy to provide long-term ... Human Gene Therapy, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary ... replacement of a human gene to preserve photoreceptor function ...
Cached Biology News:A heart beats to a different drummer 2BIO-key® Announces Second Quarter 2010 Earnings Release and Conference Call Schedule 2BIO-key® Announces Second Quarter 2010 Earnings Release and Conference Call Schedule 3Promising results of gene therapy to treat diseases of the eye 2
(Date:12/19/2014)... (PRWEB) December 19, 2014 BioPlus ... specialty pharmacies, announces the promotion of Nick Maroulis, Pharm.D. ... Specialty Pharmacy Services. , In this position, Dr. ... while also managing the directors of our multi-site pharmacies ... BioPlus since 1997 and during that time he has ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... BURLINGTON, Mass. , Dec. 19, 2014 ... biomaterial market will grow at a 12 percent compound ... a result of the aging population and the increasing ... Latin America will also spur demand ... results of dental implant and periodontal treatments. ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... MA (PRWEB) December 18, 2014 LayerBio ... for ophthalmology and wound care. The National Eye Institute ... awarded LayerBio a Phase I SBIR grant to develop ... Cataracts are the most common cause of vision loss ... of blindness worldwide. According to Dr. Ken Mandell, LayerBio’s ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... In contrast to traditional LED lights ... colors, Valoya uses proprietary LED technology to incorporate their ... uniformity which is critical in low proximity installations. The ... throughout its lifetime which is up to four times ... "The investment cost was clearly higher when compared to ...
Breaking Biology Technology:BioPlus Specialty Pharmacy Promotes Dr. Nick Maroulis to Vice President of Specialty Pharmacy Services 2Latin American Dental Biomaterial Market Will Expand at a 12 Percent Annual Growth Rate Through 2023 2Latin American Dental Biomaterial Market Will Expand at a 12 Percent Annual Growth Rate Through 2023 3LayerBio Awarded NIH Grant to Develop a Drug Delivery Device for Cataract Surgery 2
... Epeius Biotechnologies ( www.epeiusbiotech.com ) announced today that the U.S. ... anti-cancer agent, Rexin-G , the first, and so far ... out and destroy metastatic cancer. According to Dr. Maria Gordon, ... of clinical development, is that the Rexin-G product, with its ...
... ("ShengdaTech" or the "Company") (NASDAQ: SDTH ), ... China, today announced that Mr. Xiangzhi Chen, the Company,s ... CFO and Mr. A. Carl Mudd, lead independent director, ... Conference to be held from March 6-8, 2011 in ...
... 2011 CSL Behring announces a ... released in conjunction with Rare Disease Day 2011 , ... their impact on people,s lives. The Dialogue spanned ... important information and ideas for patients, caregivers and healthcare providers. ...
Cached Biology Technology:Epeius Biotechnologies' REXIN-G, a Tumor-Targeted Genetic Medicine for Metastatic Cancer, Gains Phase 3 Product Designation From the U.S. FDA 2ShengdaTech to Present at Rodman & Renshaw Annual China Investment Conference in Shanghai 2Thought Leaders in Europe and US Address Challenges to Making Rare Diseases a Global Public Health Priority 2Thought Leaders in Europe and US Address Challenges to Making Rare Diseases a Global Public Health Priority 3Thought Leaders in Europe and US Address Challenges to Making Rare Diseases a Global Public Health Priority 4Thought Leaders in Europe and US Address Challenges to Making Rare Diseases a Global Public Health Priority 5
...
A camera based compact unit for high speed scanning of 2D barcoded tubes in a cluster rack. This reader has been designed to read both 96 and 48 tube rack configurations and be compatible with common...
...
... enzyme that catalyzes the conversion,of starch ... maltotriose and,dextrins. The level of a-amylase ... are of clinical importance,1-3 while plant ... industry.4, The EnzChek Amylase Assay Kit ...
Biology Products: