Navigation Links
The yin and yang in the life of proteins
Date:10/22/2013

Recycling or "scrap press": physicians at the Ruhr-Universitt have found out which molecular mechanisms decide about the fate of the import receptor Pex18. Pex18 is responsible for the import of proteins into specific cell components, namely peroxisomes. Two opposing regulatory circuits determine whether the receptor remains active or is broken down after the transport has been completed. "Thus, the picture of the regulation of the protein import into peroxisomes has been completed and integrated to form one single model," says Junior Professor Dr Harald Platta from the RUB Faculty of Medicine. Together with Prof Dr Ralf Erdmann and other colleagues he reports in the journal "Traffic".

Ubiquitin signals determine the fate of the receptors

Because they don't have their own DNA, peroxisomes have to import all proteins that are necessary for them to fulfil their function. For this purpose, the cell is equipped with dynamic import receptors such as Pex18. They bind proteins in the cytoplasm and transport them to the peroxisome. The RUB team had demonstrated in a previous study that the signal protein ubiquitin subsequently decides about the future fate of the receptors: if a single ubiquitin protein docks with the receptor, the receptor gets recycled; it migrates back into the cytoplasm and launches a new transport process. If an ubiquitin chain docks with the receptor, a signal is sent out for the receptor to be broken down by the proteasome, an "intracellular scrap press", so to speak. Prior to this discovery, it had not been understood in what way the cell determines on the molecular level what happens to the receptor.

Recycling or "scrap press": It all depends on the enzyme cascade

The RUB physicians found out that different enzyme cascades catalyse the two ubiquitin modifications of Pex18. In both cases, it is a three-step process: the E1 enzyme activates the ubiquitin signal which is subsequently tran
'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Harald W. Platta
Harald.Platta@rub.de
49-234-322-4968
Ruhr-University Bochum
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Zinc, proteins, and an essential cellular balancing act
2. Erratic proteins: New insights into a transport mechanism
3. Wistar scientists decipher structure of NatA, an enzyme complex that modifies most human proteins
4. Scientists decipher cellular roadmap of disease-related proteins
5. Toronto team IDs proteins key in stem cell production
6. Toronto team ID proteins key in stem cell production
7. Low levels of toxic proteins linked to brain diseases, study suggests
8. National Institutes of Health to fund research probing proteins linked to cancer, diabetes
9. Saliva proteins may protect older people from influenza
10. KISS ME DEADLY proteins may help improve crop yields
11. Metabolic fingerprinting: Using proteomics to identify proteins in gymnosperm pollination drops
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/17/2014)... , Dec. 16, 2014  Automation is ... this more evident than at international borders. Over ... document scanners have allowed veteran travelers to self ... Passport Control (APC) Kiosks at an increasing number ... globe. According to Maxine ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... DUBLIN , Dec. 09, 2014 Research ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/9ql3kr/biometrics_market ) ... Market in India 2015-2019" report to their ... in this market is the adoption of multimodal ... one characteristic of an individual for verification and ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... You,ve been here before: you desperately need to sign into ... key or the answer to your secret question. What,s your ... Today, Hoyos Labs , a digital infrastructure security ... an end to the frustration that comes with usernames, passwords ... a user,s smartphone to acquire his or her biometrics to ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Automated Border Control (ABC) Transforms the Global Travel Experience With More Than 2500 ABC eGates and APC Kiosks Deployed In Airports, Seaports, and Land Borders Worldwide 2Biometrics Market in India 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, NEC, Safran and Suprema 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 3
... available in French . A study ... demonstrates that a synthetic new chemical entity protects ... and enhances exercise endurance by enhancing fat utilization in ... was developed by Sirtris, a a GSK company, and ...
... to customise the food we eat to individual needs, ... researcher Amber Ronteltap suggests that the consumer market is ... that many obstacles must be overcome before products based ... a discipline that investigates the correlation between nutrients and ...
... features the latest findings in laboratory, translational and clinical ... and promising therapeutic approaches, as well as strides being ... help you take the best advantage of the symposium,s ... visit www.sabcs.org to view the new press ...
Cached Biology News:A new weapon in the fight against obesity and diabetes 2Consumer not ready for tailor-made nutrition 2CTRC-AACR San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium 2
(Date:12/22/2014)... Dec. 22, 2014  ( www.competitivehealth.com ) — Competitive ... medical bill review and advocacy service, has signed an ... WellCard Savings discount health services marketplace. 63% ... more than they expected to pay. As part of ... costs, WellCard Savings is pleased to offer medical bill ...
(Date:12/22/2014)... 22, 2014 Fertility Associates of Memphis ... Bank USA , a network of more than 20 ... partnership, patients have fast access to a national pool ... IVF . Fertility Associates of Memphis is the only ... treatment option. , Dr. William Kutteh , director ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... BioPlus Specialty Pharmacy (BioPlus), one ... of Nick Maroulis, Pharm.D. to the newly created position ... In this position, Dr. Maroulis will continue to manage ... of our multi-site pharmacies as the company expands. Dr. ... that time he has served in many different capacities ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Dec. 19, 2014 Bina Technologies, Inc. (Bina, ... that they have been acquired by Roche (SIX: RO, ... privately held company that provides a big data platform ... (NGS) data for the academic and translational research markets. ... and will continue to focus on development of their ...
Breaking Biology Technology:WellCard Savings Announces CoPatient Medical Bill Review Service for Members 2Fertility Associates of Memphis Announces Partnership with Donor Egg Bank USA 2Fertility Associates of Memphis Announces Partnership with Donor Egg Bank USA 3BioPlus Specialty Pharmacy Promotes Dr. Nick Maroulis to Vice President of Specialty Pharmacy Services 2Bina Technologies is acquired by Roche. 2Bina Technologies is acquired by Roche. 3
... VENENUM Biodesign, a drug discovery company that utilizes ultra-high ... potential therapeutic agents against its novel disease-based targets, or ... new medicinal chemistry space at 8 Black Forest Road ... over 11,000 square feet of state-of-the-art research laboratories and ...
... with features below 100 nanometres have numerous applications ... way, Tecnalia participates in a intragated FP7 European ... based on nanoimprinting techniques (NIL), as a core ... main benefits followed are cost reduction, simpler fabrication ...
... N.J., June 21, 2011 On June 28, Lieutenant ... Choose New Jersey (the state,s independently funded and operated ... Rutgers University Cell & DNA Repository (RUCDR) are traveling ... New Jersey,s life-sciences industries at the world,s largest biotechnology ...
Cached Biology Technology:VENENUM Biodesign Announces Opening of Medicinal Chemistry Labs 2New Jersey Targets Life-Sciences Investors at World's Largest Biotechnology Event 2
Request Info...
...
... potent inhibition of RNase A-type ribonucleases Product ... of nonhuman origin that binds noncovalently and ... A, B, and C). It does not ... U2, or CL3. QIAGEN RNase Inhibitor inhibits ...
Request Info...
Biology Products: