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The top 5 ways medical physics has changed health care
Date:2/28/2008

gen in 1895, the application of these rays to medical imaging was recognized and embraced immediately. When the Nobel Prizes were established at the turn of the century in 1901, Roentgen won the first prize (in physics) for his discovery of X rays.

  • Magnetic Resonance
    Though Felix Bloch and Edward M. Purcell shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1952, just a few years after discovering the phenomenon of magnetic resonance, it took a few more decades before their discovery led to the development of MRI, which is routinely used today to image the human body. In 2003, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Paul Lauterbur and Peter Mansfield for their work in MRI.

  • Radioimmunoassays
    In 1977, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to AAPM member Rosalyn Yalow for her the development of radioimmunoassays, an extremely sensitive diagnostic technique that can quantify tiny amounts of biological substances in the body using radioactively-labeled materials.

  • Computer-assisted tomography
    In 1979, Allan M Cormack and Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for developing CT, which has revolutionized imaging because CT provides images with unprecedented clarity.

LOOK FOR MORE TO COME

This year, the AAPM journal, Medical Physics, will celebrate the 50th anniversary with a year-long celebration. Every issue published in 2008 will have an article devoted to history and reviews of special topics intended to recognize this anniversary, and will carry the AAPM anniversary logo.


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Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
jbardi@aip.org
301-209-3091
American Institute of Physics
Source:Eurekalert

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