Navigation Links
The secret behind silkworm's hardy stomachs
Date:5/27/2008

Silkworms have a unique ability to eat toxic mulberry leaves without feeling ill, and researchers have come one step closer to understanding why: silkworms contain a special digestive enzyme that is not affected by mulberrys toxic chemicals.

Mulberry leaves contain an extremely high amount of alkaloids that inhibit enzymes that break down sucrose (sugar), and thus are potentially quite toxic. However, one type of sucrase called beta-fructofuranosidase is not affected by these alkaloids.

Until now, this enzyme has not been found in any animals, but Toru Shimada and colleagues believed this might explain the silkworms unique diet.

The researchers scanned the silkworm genome and discovered two fructofuranosidase genes, although only one was actually expressed in the worm. This gene (BmSuc1) was, as expected, concentrated in the worms gut, although surprisingly was also prevalent in the silk gland. When they isolated the enzyme from silkworms, the researchers found it could effectively digest sucrose.

Shimada and colleagues note that further work is needed to determine if this special enzyme is the sole reason for silkworms resistance to mulberry toxins. Its possible that fructofuranosidases may turn up in other insects that cannot eat mulberry leaves, indicating additional factors are at work.


'/>"/>

Contact: Nick Zagorski
nzagorski@asbmb.org
301-634-7366
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Scientists discover important beauty secret for balanced skin color and tone
2. MIT unraveling secrets of red tide
3. Scientists eye secrets of retinal regeneration
4. NMR researchers unlock hydrogens secrets to spot polymorphism in pharmaceuticals
5. Scientists gather in New Zealand to share oceans secrets
6. New study uncovers secrets behind butterfly wing patterns
7. The key to unlocking the secret of highly specific DNAzyme catalysis
8. Eat chocolate, drink wine, add fun to life: SLU geriatrician shares secrets of staying young
9. Ripening secrets of the vine revealed
10. New research to decode the genetic secrets of prolific potato pest
11. Research reveals secrets of alcohols effect on brain cells
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
The secret behind silkworm's hardy stomachs
(Date:4/28/2016)... India , April 28, 2016 ... Infosys (NYSE: INFY ), and Samsung SDS, a ... that will provide end customers with a more secure, ... services.      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130122/589162 ) , ... services, but it also plays a fundamental part in enabling ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... , April 15, 2016  A new ... make more accurate underwriting decisions in a fraction ... timely, competitively priced and high-value life insurance policies ... screenings. With Force Diagnostics, rapid testing ... lifestyle data readings (blood pressure, weight, pulse, BMI, ...
(Date:3/31/2016)... -- Genomics firm Nabsys has completed a financial  restructuring under ... M.D., who returned to the company in October 2015. ... including Chief Technology Officer, John Oliver , Ph.D., ... Vice President of Software and Informatics, Michael Kaiser ... Bready served as CEO of Nabsys from 2005-2014 and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... 2016   MedyMatch Technology Ltd ., the data analytics ... decision support tools in the emergency room, announced today that ... Advanced Technology Industries (IATI) BioMed Conference. The ... 15th National Life Sciences and Technology Week, and is being ... in Tel Aviv, Israel . Gene ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2016 , ... The need for blood donations in South ... week by the South Texas Blood & Tissue Center, blood donations are on the decline. ... years, and they are down 21 percent in South Texas in the last four years ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... 2016 Oxitec CEO Hadyn Parry ... 10:15 a.m. ET before the United States House Committee on ... can play in controlling the spread of the Aedes ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150630/227348 ) ... self-limiting gene. Trials in Brazil , ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... May 23, 2016 , ... ... molecular nanotechnology, announced the winners for the 2015 Foresight Institute Feynman Prizes. ... given in two categories, one for experiment and the other for theory in ...
Breaking Biology Technology: