Navigation Links
The right messenger for a healthy immune response
Date:7/20/2009

Researchers from the Molecular Immunology group at the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI) in Braunschweig, Germany have now shown that Beta-Interferon also plays a crucial role during an immune response: without Beta-Interferon immune cells are unable to show "wanted posters" of pathogens to other cells. As a consequence, these cells will not recognize the pathogen and the immune response does not start properly. The group's results have now been published in the current issue of the scientific magazine Journal of Immunology.

During an infection, immune cells produce Beta-Inferferon. Interestingly, an immune response is even stronger when a low amount of Beta-Interferon has already been present before the infection occurs. Scientists call this behaviour "priming". A healthy basal level of Beta-Interferon facilitates a faster immune reaction against microbial and viral threads.

Researchers from the HZI have now managed to show why this is the case: Beta-Interferon is a key regulator and of vital importance in enabling the immune system to display fragments of pathogens, so-called antigens. Immune cells present these antigens on their surface and in this way communicate with one another: antigens are the "wanted posters" of the virus or the bacterium which has to be destroyed.

The researchers discovered the important role of Beta-Interferon in mice lacking the gene for Beta-Interferon. These mice displayed poor immune responses. "Without those knock-out mice we would not have been able to identify the impact of Beta-Interferon on the immune system," says Siegfried Wei, leader of the Molecular Immunology group at the HZI. His research assistant, the scientist Natalia Zietara, investigated what Beta-Interferon is doing in immune cells. She found a molecular factor that is pivotal in producing the pathogen's profile and which is regulated by Beta-Interferon. The factor belongs to a group of proteins that is usually produced in conditions of stress. Without Beta-Interferon, no active stress protein without stress protein, no wanted poster without wanted poster, no immune response.

"We now have a far better understanding of how immune responses start, but also how diseases like autoimmune diseases may develop," says Wei: without Beta-Interferon, the immune system may not be able to learn how to tolerate itself during the embryonic phase and that it should not fight against self-structures. "Our findings can help to develop or improve new therapeutics to combat autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis or cancer."


'/>"/>

Contact: Hannes Schlender
hannes.schlender@helmholtz-hzi.de
49-053-161-811-402
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Why the thumb of the right hand is on the left hand side
2. GenWay Biotech obtains exclusive rights to AMDLs DR-70 cancer test in US and Canada
3. WPI professor receives Fulbright Scholarship to work on tissue engineering in Ireland
4. Study: Health undervalued in reproductive rights debate
5. Female mammals follow their noses to the right mates
6. Right whale sedation enables disentanglement effort
7. High numbers of right whales seen in Gulf of Maine
8. Bright lights, not-so-big pupils
9. Snails and humans use same genes to tell right from left
10. Disability Rights Legal Center honors Ossur
11. Physical activity and health: Finding the right prescription
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/11/2016)... March 11, 2016 --> ... research report "Image Recognition Market by Technology (Pattern Recognition), ... Advertising), by Deployment Type (On-Premises and Cloud), by Industry ... published by MarketsandMarkets, the global market is expected to ... 29.98 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR of 19.1%. ...
(Date:3/10/2016)... March 10, 2016   Unisys Corporation (NYSE: ... Protection (CBP) is testing its biometric identity solution at ... to help identify certain non-U.S. citizens leaving the ... test, designed to help determine the efficiency and accuracy of ... February and will run until May 2016. --> ...
(Date:3/9/2016)... 2016 Nigeria . ... than 23,000 public service employees either did not exist ... salary unlawfully.    --> Nigeria ... more than 23,000 public service employees either did not ... their salary unlawfully.    --> DERMALOG, the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... Weeks after hosting a carpal tunnel syndrome workshop ... hand surgeon and founder of the Fitzmaurice Hand Institute, has announced the addition of ... a state-of-the-art technology and only 1 of about 3 currently available in the United ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... At present, the Biotech sphere is ... know that volatility is what makes this industry interesting to ... Pharmaceuticals Corp. (NASDAQ: SNTA ), CTI BioPharma Corp. ... LPTN ), and Heat Biologics Inc. (NASDAQ: HTBX ... alerts for these stocks at: http://www.activewallst.com/register/ ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , May 26, 2016 Despite the ... value in this space. Today,s pre-market research on ActiveWallSt.com directs ... Health Inc. (NASDAQ: RDUS ), Cerus Corp. (NASDAQ: ... ARWR ), and Five Prime Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: ... briefings at: http://www.activewallst.com/ On ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... San Diego, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... San Diego area and has consistently been rated one of its top attractions. ... over the globe to participate in a unique and intimate team-building experience. , Each ...
Breaking Biology Technology: