Navigation Links
The new exercise HIT: do less
Date:3/12/2010

The usual excuse of "lack of time" for not doing enough exercise is blown away by new research published in The Journal of Physiology.

The study, from scientists at Canada's McMaster University, adds to the growing evidence for the benefits of short term high-intensity interval training (HIT) as a time-efficient but safe alternative to traditional types of moderate long term exercise. Astonishingly, it is possible to get more by doing less!

"We have shown that interval training does not have to be 'all out' in order to be effective," says Professor Martin Gibala. "Doing 10 one-minute sprints on a standard stationary bike with about one minute of rest in between, three times a week, works as well in improving muscle as many hours of conventional long-term biking less strenuously."

HIT means doing a number of short bursts of intense exercise with short recovery breaks in between. The authors have already shown with young healthy college students that this produces the same physical benefits as conventional long duration endurance training despite taking much less time (and amazingly, actually doing less exercise!) However, their previous work used a relatively extreme set-up that involved "all out" pedaling on a specialized laboratory bicycle. The new study used a standard stationary bicycle and a workload which was still above most people's comfort zone about 95% of maximal heart rate but only about half of what can be achieved when people sprint at an all-out pace.

This less extreme HIT method may work well for people (the older, less fit, and slightly overweight among us) whose doctors might have worries about them exercising "all-out". We have known for years that repeated moderate long-term exercise tunes up fuel and oxygen delivery to muscles and aids the removal of waste products. Exercise also improves the way muscles use the oxygen to burn the fuel in mitochondria, the microscopic power station of cells.

Running or cycling for hours a week widens the network of vessels supplying muscle cells and also boosts the numbers of mitochondria in them so that a person can carry out activities of daily living more effectively and without strain, and crucially with less risk of a heart attack, stroke or diabetes.

But the traditional approach to exercise is time consuming. Martin Gibala and his team have shown that the same results can be obtained in far less time with brief spurts of higher-intensity exercise.

To achieve the study's equivalent results by endurance training you'd need to complete over 10 hours of continuous moderate bicycling exercise over a two-week period.

The "secret" to why HIT is so effective is unclear. However, the study by Gibala and co-workers also provides insight into the molecular signals that regulate muscle adaptation to interval training. It appears that HIT stimulates many of the same cellular pathways that are responsible for the beneficial effects we associate with endurance training.

The upside of doing more exercise is well-known, but a big question for most people thinking of getting fit is: "How much time out of my busy life do I need to spend to get the perks?"

Martin Gibala says "no time to exercise" is not an excuse now that HIT can be tailored for the average adult. "While still a demanding form of training," Gibala adds, "the exercise protocol we used should be possible to do by the general public and you don't need more than an average exercise bike."

The McMaster team's future research will examine whether HIT can bring health benefits to people who are overweight or who have metabolic diseases like diabetes.

As the evidence for HIT continues to grow, a new frontier in the fitness field emerges.


'/>"/>

Contact: Mary Arbuthnot
marbuthnot@physoc.org
44-020-726-95721
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Obesity and lack of exercise could enhance the risk of pancreatic cancer
2. Exercise improves thinking, reduces diabetes risk in overweight children
3. Canadian Society of Exercise Physiology Annual Scientific Conference
4. Newly-identified exercise gene could help with depression
5. Built-in exercise monitor predicts fitness
6. Eat less or exercise more? Either way leads to more youthful hearts
7. Community-intervention study links successful town makeover focused on boosting calcium and exercise
8. Where college students live can impact their weight, eating and exercise habits
9. Exercise during pregnancy leads to a healthier heart in moms- and babies-to-be
10. Mass. General study shows how exercise changes structure and function of heart
11. Brief, intense exercise benefits the heart
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/21/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... ... voice recognition biometrics market to grow at a CAGR of 19.36% ... present scenario and the growth prospects of the global voice recognition ... considers the revenue generated from the sales of voice recognition biometrics ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , Jan. 19, 2017 ... user experience and security for consumer electronics, and ... payment processing systems and cybersecurity solutions, today announced ... enterprises and financial institutions worldwide to bolster security ... the end-to-end secure user authentication platforms they offer, ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... Minn. , Jan. 18, 2017 ... technology company that supports the entire spectrum of ... has been another record-breaking year for the organization ... market interest in MedNet,s eClinical products and services. ... the tremendous marketplace success of iMedNet ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/16/2017)... PHOENIX and NEW YORK ... announced the near completion of their $7M Series B ... on top of the $3.5M led by Mesa Verde ... of 2016.  These resources will be directed towards further ... Test, PCDx, a comprehensive genomic profiling test and expanding ...
(Date:2/15/2017)... ... February 15, 2017 , ... Executive search firm, ... Officer with GenePeeks. Matt is a veteran life sciences and molecular diagnostics ... company focused on identifying inherited disease risk in future generations. In his new ...
(Date:2/15/2017)... FRANCISCO , 15. Februar 2017  Trianni, ... Janssen Biotech, Inc. (Janssen) eine Lizenzvereinbarung über die ... ihrer Klasse führenden Plattform für die Entdeckung monoklonaler ... durch ihr neuartiges chimäres Gensegmentdesign aus, das ... an humanen Antikörpern bietet und das für die ...
(Date:2/15/2017)... 15, 2017  Vanda Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Vanda) (NASDAQ: ... the fourth quarter and full year ended December ... year for Vanda as we continued to demonstrate ... long-term exclusivity for Fanapt," said Mihael H. Polymeropoulos, ... emerging pipeline with important 2017 milestones underscores Vanda,s ...
Breaking Biology Technology: