Navigation Links
The most widespread ant and its new relative: A revision of the genus Paratrechina
Date:10/25/2013

Long considered to be one of the most species-rich ant genera, latest research has stripped the ant genus Paratrechina down to a single species- Paratrechina longicornis. This particular ant is one of the most widely distributed, found in nearly every tropical and subtropical location on the planet due to accidental human transport, and is considered one of the world's worst invasive ant species. A recent review of the genus in the open access Journal of Hymenoptera Research announces the discovery of a second species P. zanjensis, which presents a step forward into determining the native range of P. longicornis.

Native to Africa, and so far found only in miombo woodlands, the new species P. zanjensis is potentially specialized to this habitat. Miombo is the Swahili word for the Brachystegia genus of trees which are an important tree species within miombo woodlands. The specific name of this new species zanjensis is derived from the ancient Arabic name for the stretch of East African coast that encompasses parts of modern day Kenya, Mozambique, and Tanzania, where the species is found.

"Given the economic and ecological impacts of Paratrechina longicornis, discovering a close relative may provide us with insights into the biology of one of the world's worst invasive ant species. For instance, now that we know another species exist within the genus, comparative studies can begin to perhaps understand the attributes that make P. longicornis such a good biological invader," says Dr. John S. LaPolla of Towson University, USA.

Unlike its new relative, the long known P. longicornis, exhibits remarkable adaptability and is spread virtually worldwide through human activity and movement. The species is found almost in every urban center in the tropics as well as in greenhouses and other manmade structures in cool temperature climates. The remarkable ability of this ant to survive even in extremely human changed environment also makes it a well-known pest in tropical climates, commonly called crazy ant due to its erratic movements.

Due to this wide distribution and easy adaptation of P. longicornis the determination of its native range has proved a challenge to biologists. The current revision suggests that the species originates in Asia, as previously considered, however further investigation is needed to confirm this thesis.

"Given the available distribution information on P. longicornis, we conclude that P. longicornis remains most likely native to southeastern Asia, and that the discovery of a new species native to Africa makes Paratrechina yet another example of an ant genus that possesses an Afro-Asian distribution.", explains Dr. John S. LaPolla.


'/>"/>

Contact: John S. LaPolla
jlapolla@towson.edu
410-704-3121
Pensoft Publishers
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Toxic methylmercury-producing microbes more widespread than realized
2. Widespread but neglected disease a health threat in Africa, Virginia Tech researchers say
3. Climate change will cause widespread global-scale loss of common plants and animals
4. Asian carp DNA not widespread in the Great Lakes
5. Notre Dame study finds Asian carp DNA not widespread in the Great Lakes
6. Huge and widespread volcanic eruptions triggered the end-Triassic extinction
7. Study: Widespread test-and-treat HIV policies could increase dangerous drug resistance
8. Wrinkled surfaces could have widespread applications
9. Targeting tuberculosis hotspots could have widespread benefit
10. The mysterious scarab beetles: 2 new species of the endangered ancient genus Gyronotus
11. 9 new wasp species of the genus Paramblynotus described from Africa and Madagascar
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
The most widespread ant and its new relative: A revision of the genus Paratrechina
(Date:2/6/2017)... 6, 2017 According to Acuity Market ... border authorities to continue to embrace biometric and ... 2143 Automated Border Control (ABC) eGates and 1436 ... more than 163 ports of entry across the ... achieving a combined CAGR of 37%. APC Kiosks ...
(Date:2/2/2017)... Fla. , Feb. 2, 2017   ... a clinical-stage immuno-oncology company specializing in the development ... for the treatment of cancer and metastatic disease, ... scale-up and GMP manufacturing of a second clinical ... vaccine targeting folate receptor alpha. The manufactured vaccine ...
(Date:2/1/2017)... -- IDTechEx Research, a leading provider of independent market ... of a new report, Sensors for Robotics: Technologies, Markets and ... ... ... Report "Sensors for Robotics: Technologies, Markets and Forecasts 2017-2027: Machine vision, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... Inc. (NASDAQ: CBPO) ("China Biologic" or the "Company"), a leading ... financial results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year of ... Total sales in the fourth quarter of ... 13.6% in USD terms to $77.6 million from $68.3 million ... profit increased by 13.3% to $46.8 million from $41.3 million ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... BellBrook Labs ... to include an array of biochemical analyses critical for Lead Discovery. The ... hit-to-lead and SAR programs, including inhibitor potency and selectivity, mechanism of action, and ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Minn. , Feb. 23, 2017  Imanis ... new product line of oncolytic vaccinia viruses for ... Corporation as part of Genelux,s proprietary, vaccinia virus-based ... are excited to enter into a partnership with ... selected oncolytic vaccinia viruses for use in research," ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... ... The Greater Gift Initiative, Inc , (GGI) a Winston-Salem, NC 501(c)3 non-profit, ... is to advance global health and highlight the greater good of clinical trial participation ... trial volunteer. The vision of GGI is to serve as a philanthropic connector between ...
Breaking Biology Technology: