Navigation Links
The microbes make the sake brewery
Date:7/24/2014

A sake brewery has its own microbial terroir, meaning the microbial populations found on surfaces in the facility resemble those found in the product, creating the final flavor according to research published ahead of print in the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology. This is the first time investigators have taken a microbial census of a sake brewery.

Many sake makers inoculate with both bacteria and yeast, says corresponding author David A. Mills of the University of California, Davis, but he and his colleagues investigated a sake brewery where inoculation is restricted to a single species, Aspergillus oryzae, at the first of three stages of fermentation.

"The purpose was to be able to ask the question, 'do the environmental surfaces have microbiota that are similar to those that normally are added to ferment the product?'" says Mills.

And despite the single stage one inoculation, the microbial populations change dramatically at each fermentation stagekoji, moto, and moromi.

"The kojii fermentation is dominated by an inoculated fungus, Aspergillus oryzae, which helps process the rice into smaller, more available sugars," says Mills. "The Kojii is then diluted with steamed rice and water to form the seed mash or moto. In this stage the alcoholic fermentation commences with yeast and various lactic acid-producing bacteria populations expanding."

That, says Mills, is followed by the major fermentation in sake. "Yeast perform the alcoholic fermentation, while a range of other bacteriaBacillus, Staphylococcus, Lactobacillusconsume available nutrients and stabilize the product."

"At each stage, most of these organismswith the exception of the added A. oryzaecould also be found on the equipment surfaces, suggesting the house microbiome provides the necessary microbes to carry out the fermentation," says Mills. "Thus, the environmental conditions are important for controlling these fermentations."

The results echo those of studies Mills and collaborators have done on other food facilities: an artisanal cheese maker, and wine facilities, he says. He adds that this line of research is currently at the natural history stage where census is taken, and that ecological understanding, the kind of understanding that will enable predictive product improvement, will come later. But he expects this kind of facility monitoring to become the norm.

"Understanding the microbial interface between food facilities and food products in a global way will be important for controlling the safety and quality of many different foods and beverages," says Mills.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Sliwa
jsliwa@asmusa.org
202-942-9297
American Society for Microbiology
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Killer silk: Making silk fibers that kill anthrax and other microbes in minutes
2. Breast-fed babies gut microbes contribute to healthy immune systems
3. Honoring the fundamental role of microbes in the natural history of our planet
4. CU-Boulder-led team finds microbes in extreme environment on South American volcanoes
5. AGU: Unique microbes found in extreme environment
6. Waves of Berkeley Lab responders deploy omics to track Deepwater Horizon cleanup microbes
7. Gut microbes battle a common set of viruses shared by global populations
8. MBL scientists to explore hidden realm of microbes, viruses beneath the ocean floor
9. Stanford-Penn State scientists use microbes to make clean methane
10. Microbes make clean methane
11. Roots and microbes: Bringing a complex underground ecology into the lab
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/20/2017)... Pa. , March 20, 2017 PMD ... 2.0 personal spirometer and Wellness Management System (WMS), a ... Founded in 2010, PMD Healthcare is a Medical ... with a mission dedicated to creating innovative solutions that ... life. With that intent focus, PMD developed the first ...
(Date:3/9/2017)... , March 9, 2017 4Dx has publicly ... Lung Imaging Workshop at the University of Pennsylvania. Founder ... to deliver the latest data to world leaders in ... brings together leaders at the forefront of the industry ... imaging. "The quality of the imaging ...
(Date:3/7/2017)... March 7, 2017   HireVue , the leading ... companies identify the best talent, faster, today announced the ... Officer (CSO) and Diana Kucer as Chief ... seasoned executive team poised to drive continued growth in ... a year of record bookings in 2017. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... Lajollacooks4u is proud to announce it has become the ... corporate cooking challenges for companies around the world, such as Illumina, HP and Qualcomm, and ... reason for its increasing popularity is due to its new team building format, a way ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 2017  SeraCare Life Sciences, Inc., a manufacturer ... diagnostics manufacturers and clinical laboratories, is announcing ... Inherited Cancer reference material for ... sequencing (NGS). The Seraseq™ Inherited Cancer DNA Mix ... industry experts to validate the ability of ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... CT (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... LLC, was recently selected by the Connecticut Technology Council (CTC) as a 2017 ... at CTC’s thirteenth annual Women of Innovation Awards Dinner. , The dinner recognizes ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 2017 According to a report by Transparency ... fragmented due to the presence of a large pool of participants; ... Fisher , and Sigma-Aldrich, compete with each other in this market. ... more than 76% of this market in 2016.  ... As of now, a large number ...
Breaking Biology Technology: