Navigation Links
The loving touch is critical for premature infants
Date:1/6/2014

Philadelphia, PA, January 6, 2014 The benefit that premature infants gain from skin-to-skin contact with their mothers is measurable even 10 years after birth, reports a new study in Biological Psychiatry.

Physical contact with babies is essential for their physical and psychological development. This lesson has been learned the hard way, as infants neglected in hospitals and orphanages developed many problems, ranging from depression to a more global failure to thrive. But, what types of contact are necessary and what are the beneficial effects of enriching physical contact?

In a new study, Dr. Ruth Feldman, a Professor at Bar-Ilan University, and her colleagues studied the impact of different levels of physical contact on prematurely born infants.

"In this decade-long study, we show for the first time that providing maternal-newborn skin-to-skin contact to premature infants in the neonatal period improves children's functioning ten years later in systems shown to be sensitive to early maternal deprivation in animal research," said Feldman.

Specifically, the researchers compared standard incubator care to a novel intervention called "Kangaroo Care" (KC), which was originally developed to manage the risk for hypothermia in prematurely born babies in Columbia, where they struggled with a lack of access to incubators. This method, in essence, uses the mother's body heat to keep their babies warm.

They asked 73 mothers to provide skin-to-skin contact (KC) to their premature infants in the neonatal unit for one hour daily for 14 consecutive days. For comparison, the researchers also assessed 73 premature infants who received standard incubator care. Children were then followed seven times across the first ten years of life.

They found that during the first half-year of life, mothers in the KC group were more sensitive and expressed more maternal behavior toward their infants. Children in the KC group showed better cognitive skills and executive abilities in repeated testing from six months to ten years.

At ten years of age, children who received maternal contact as infants showed more organized seep, better neuroendocrine response to stress, more mature functioning of the autonomic nervous system, and better cognitive control.

"This study reminds us once again of the profound long-term consequences of maternal contact," commented Dr. John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry. "The enhanced level of stimulation provided by this contact seems to positively influence the development of the brain and to deepen the relationship between mother and child."

Premature birth is a major health concern worldwide, with approximately 12% of infants born prematurely in industrial societies and significantly more in developing countries. While modern medicine has substantially increased the number of surviving premature infants, many suffer long-term cognitive difficulties and problems in neurobiological systems that support stress regulation and the organization of arousal and attention.

Feldman highlights that "Kangaroo Care is an easy-to-apply intervention with minimal cost and its multi-dimensional long-term impact on child development calls to integrate this intervention in the care-practices of premature infants across the world."


'/>"/>

Contact: Rhiannon Bugno
Biol.Psych@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-0880
Elsevier
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. BESC researchers tap into genetic reservoir of heat-loving bacteria
2. Animal cells can communicate by reaching out and touching, UCSF team discovers
3. The garden microbe with a sense of touch
4. A touch of garlic helps kill contaminants in baby formula
5. Europe Gesture Recognition & Touchless Sensing Market (2013 - 2018)
6. Asia-Pacific Gesture Recognition & Touchless Sensing Market (2013 - 2018)
7. Fingerprint Cards (FPC) Demonstrates Fingerprint Biometric Touch Sensor for Microsoft Windows 8.1
8. Gesture Recognition & Touchless Sensing Market (2013 - 2018): By Technology, Product, Application and Geography
9. Asia-Pacific Gesture Recognition & Touchless Sensing Market Worth $4.18 Billion by 2018
10. Psychemedics & TruTouch Announce US Sales/Marketing Distribution Agreement For TruTouch Technologies Rapid Optical Alcohol Detection & Biometric Test
11. Brain prostheses create a sense of touch
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/30/2017)... 30, 2017  On April 6-7, 2017, Sequencing.com will ... hackathon at Microsoft,s headquarters in ... focus on developing health and wellness apps that provide ... the Genome is the first hackathon for personal ... largest companies in the genomics, tech and health industries ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... NEW YORK , March 30, 2017 ... by type (physiological and behavioral), by technology (fingerprint, AFIS, ... recognition, voice recognition, and others), by end use industry ... travel and immigration, financial and banking, and others), and ... Europe , Asia Pacific ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... , March 28, 2017 ... Biometrics), Hardware (Camera, Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), Software (Video ... and Region - Global Forecast to 2022", published by ... in 2016 and is projected to reach USD 75.64 ... 2017 and 2022. The base year considered for the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2017)... MA (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... sources for advanced technology applications, has announced a facility expansion to accommodate its ... 3,000 square feet of new workspace and renovation of the existing areas. The ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... Customers often prefer ... again and again. METTLER TOLEDO has released two new videos that show how ... integration of the ACT350 into Siemens and Allen Bradley PLCs is easy and ...
(Date:5/21/2017)... ... May 19, 2017 , ... Ovation ... of the American Association of Bioanalysts (AAB) and the College of Reproductive Biology ... conference reinforces AAB’s commitment to excellence in clinical laboratory services and regulations. ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... ... May 18, 2017 , ... Dr. Ralph Mobbs of ... Prince Of Wales Private Hospital. The procedure was performed on a 46-year-old male ... conservative treatments prior to undergoing surgery. , The AxioMed viscoelastic disc is a ...
Breaking Biology Technology: