Navigation Links
The evolutionary foundation of genomic imprinting in lower vertebrates
Date:5/18/2009

A Chinese scientist group working in College of Life Science, Zhejiang University, has shown that, as mammalian Igf2 CpG island, goldfish Igf2 CpG island has a parental differentially methylated region (DMR). These results indicate that the evolutionary foundation of genomic imprinting exists in lower vertebrates and genomic imprinting should not be considered as a unique evolutionary event of mammals. The study is reported in volume 54 (Issue 8, April, 2009) of Chinese Science Bulletin.

Genomic imprinting has been identified in eutherians, marsupials and flowering plants, but no endogenous imprinted gene has been reported in other vertebrates and invertebrates. Therefore, genomic imprinting is thought a unique phenomenon of placental mammals and a regulatory mechanism to keep a balance of supply and demand for maternal nutrients between mother and fetus in mammalian species. However, how genomeic imprinting was originated, established and maintained during vertebrate evolution remains unclear.

In this study, the authors examined the methylation status of the teleost homologue of mammalian imprinting gene Igf2 during gametogenesis. Their results showed that, as mammalian Igf2 CpG island, goldfish Igf2 CpG island was a parental differentially methylated region that was hypermethylated in sperm but unmethylated in eggs. The authors also indicated that, unlike mammalian imprinting gene DMR, the unmethylated DMR of maternal allele could not resist methylation reprogramming and started de novo methylation at the cleavage stage, while the paternal Igf2 allele appeared to maintain its paternal methylation imprints during embryogenesis. These results suggested that the parent-specific methylation of goldfish Igf2 DMR might be a primitive genomic imprinting in the early period of vertebrate evolution.

The investigation "provided the first molecular evidence that the evolutionary foundation of genomic imprinting exists in lower vertebrates", said one of the journal reviewer.


'/>"/>

Contact: C. Luo
luoc@zju.edu.cn
86-571-882-06476
Science in China Press
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Analysis finds strong match between molecular, fossil data in evolutionary studies
2. Evolutionary origin of bacterial chromosomes revealed
3. Study of protein structures reveals key events in evolutionary history
4. Evolutionary biologist will study HIV with grant from AIDS research foundation
5. A revolutionary new model for Alzheimers disease
6. Clemson chemists present revolutionary teaching concepts
7. Pubic hair provides evolutionary home for gorilla lice
8. Singapore-US scientists first to develop revolutionary microchip that uses 30 times less energy
9. Dinosaur fossils fit perfectly into the evolutionary tree of life
10. Evolutionary process more detailed than previously believed, study shows
11. Scientists uncover evolutionary keys to common birth disorders
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/10/2016)... , March 10, 2016   Unisys Corporation ... and Border Protection (CBP) is testing its biometric identity ... San Diego to help identify certain non-U.S. citizens ... . The test, designed to help determine the efficiency and ... began in February and will run until May 2016. ...
(Date:3/9/2016)... 9, 2016  Crossmatch ® , a leading ... today announced the addition of smart features to ... multi-factor authentication platform. New contextual and application-specific authentication ... security where it,s needed most — while minimizing ... . --> Washington, DC ...
(Date:3/3/2016)... MONTEREY, Calif. , March 3, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... Partner, launched this week highlighting advancements in flexible, ... – a record setting attendance - have gathered ... in this fast-growing field of electronics. The Flex ... a focal point for companies, R&D organizations, and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... Shimadzu Scientific Instruments (SSI) will be ... Business Conference and Expo. Shimadzu’s high-performance instruments enable laboratories to test cannabis products ... can stop by booth 1021 to learn how Shimadzu’s instruments can help improve ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... The Board of Directors ... of John Tilton as Chief Commercial Officer.  Mr. Tilton joined Biohaven from Alexion ... commercial leaders responsible for the commercialization of multiple orphan drug indications. Mr. ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Global Stem Cells Group and the University of ... research and development initiatives for potential stem cell protocol management for 2016 – 2020. ... executives began meeting to establish a working agenda and foster initiatives to promote stem ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... ... ... The European Patent Office (EPO) today announced that U.S. ... European Inventor Award 2016 in the category "Non-European countries." The winners of the 11th ... Lisbon on June 9th. , The human capacity to walk with fluidity is the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: