Navigation Links
The effect of parental education on the heritability of children's reading disability
Date:12/22/2008

Parental education is a strong predictor of socioeconomic status and children's educational environment. Nevertheless, some children continue to experience reading failure in spite of high parental education and support for learning to read.

University of Colorado at Boulder psychologists Angela Friend, John C. DeFries and Richard K. Olson examined if genetic and environmental influences on reading disability, the most commonly identified learning disability, interact with level of parental education. In this study, 545 pairs of identical and fraternal twins were selected wherein at least one of the twins in each pair had a reading disability. In addition, the researchers obtained information about the parents' years of education.

The results, described in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, showed that there was a significant interaction between parents' years of education and the heritability of reading disability. Children whose parents had higher levels of education tended to have stronger genetic influence on their reading disability than children whose parents had lower levels of education. The researchers concluded that on average, poor instruction or lack of reading practice may often be the main influence on reading disabilities in families with low socioeconomic status, while genes may be the main influence on reading disability among children in families with high socioeconomic status and educational support.

This study has important implications not only for future genetic research, but for national education policies as well. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires that all children reach "grade level" performance on reading and other academic skills by 2014, and assumes that this goal can be met through appropriate education. However, the authors of this study suggest that a more beneficial policy would acknowledge genetic constraints on meeting these standards among some children with reading disability, and honor the functionally important gains they make in reading and other academic skills even if they do not reach grade level.


'/>"/>

Contact: Barbara Isanski
bisanski@psychologicalscience.org
Association for Psychological Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Stronger coastal winds due to climate change may have far-reaching effects
2. Ocean acidification could have broad effects on marine ecosystems
3. Flame retardants prove ineffective on fresh-cut Christmas trees
4. Climate change effects on imperiled Sierra frog examined
5. Study reveals effects of unconscious exposure to advertisements
6. Fractional dose of scarce meningitis vaccine may be effective in outbreak control
7. New study indicates smallpox vaccination effective for decades
8. UNC, Yale partner to study effects of cocaine use on mother-infant relationships
9. The bonsai effect: Wounded plants make jasmonates, inhibiting cell division, stunting growth
10. Effects of climate change vary greatly across plant families
11. New Study Reveals the Emotional Impact and Effectiveness of Negative Campaigning
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/11/2017)... , April 11, 2017 Crossmatch®, ... secure authentication solutions, today announced that it has ... Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) to develop next-generation ... program. "Innovation has been a driving ... Thor program will allow us to innovate and ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... , April 11, 2017 No ... but researchers at the New York University Tandon ... of Engineering have found that partial similarities between ... systems used in mobile phones and other electronic ... The vulnerability lies in the fact ...
(Date:4/6/2017)... LONDON , April 6, 2017 ... Control, RFID, ANPR, Document Readers, by End-Use (Transportation & ... Energy Facility, Oil, Gas & Fossil Generation Facility, Nuclear ... Healthcare, Educational, Other) Are you looking for ... Authentication sector? ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Ken Hanson, a medical imaging research scientist ... have been selected as this year’s recipients of two top awards from SPIE, ... along with other honorees to accept their awards at a banquet in San Diego, ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... June 21, 2017 , ... Beaker, the industry’s ... in the life sciences industry, today announces a strategic partnership with Alcami Corporation, ... full advantage of Beaker’s expertise in executive recruitment solutions, providing Alcami with access ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... Germany (PRWEB) , ... June 22, 2017 , ... ... is taking over the allergy specialists DST Diagnostische Systeme & Technologien GmbH, thereby ... all know someone who suffers from hay fever, urticaria, asthma, atopic eczema or ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... June 22, 2017 , ... Tunnell ... the biopharma and life sciences industries, continue to be in demand for their ... Wolf will be speaking on “The State of Information Governance in the Biopharmaceutical ...
Breaking Biology Technology: