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Texas AgriLife Research scientists making better melons
Date:9/20/2011

UVALDE With the extended statewide dry spell, researchers at the Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center in Uvalde and elsewhere have been focusing their attention on improving varieties of more drought-tolerant crops, particularly melons, said the center's administrator.

"We're looking into improved varieties of melons, such as cantaloupe and honeydew, and are growing and assessing some Spanish and Italian specialty melons that are relatively new to this area," said Dr. Daniel Leskovar, Texas AgriLife Research vegetable physiologist and interim center director.

Leskovar said the goal of the research is to identify and produce melons with consumer-preferred characteristics, such as size, shape, color, texture, firmness and sugar content, as well as identify or develop other traits to improve them.

"In our melon breeding program, we've been evaluating the more well-known Texas-grown cantaloupe varieties for several years, but we've only been evaluating the possibility of commercially producing Spanish, Italian and other specialty melons for the past few years," he said.

He said in addition to melon look, feel and taste, he and other researchers have been assessing overall food quality, yield, and disease and drought resistance.

"We've been interested in the possibility of specialty melons such as Tuscan-type melons with orange flesh, Galia-type melons with green flesh and canary types with near-white flesh, from the perspective of how they might fare as a high-value, high-income crop for Texas producers," he said. "We've also been examining the effects of factors such as deficit irrigation on their growth and productivity."

Leskovar said in spite of this year's drought, the center's fields dedicated to melon production saw "exceptional growth and yield."

From center production data, Leskovar estimates that early or "right" planted melons, those planted from mid-March to mid-April of this year
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Contact: Dr. Daniel Leskovar
d-leskovar@tamu.edu
830-278-9151
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications
Source:Eurekalert

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