Navigation Links
Teaching young wolves new tricks
Date:1/31/2014

Wolves were domesticated more than 15,000 years ago and it is widely assumed that the ability of domestic dogs to form close relationships with humans stems from changes during the domestication process. But the effects of domestication on the interactions between the animals have not received much attention. The point has been addressed by Friederike Range and Zsfia Virnyi, two members of the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna (Vetmeduni Vienna) who work at the Wolf Science Center (WSC) in Ernstbrunn, Niedersterreich.

Wolves copy other wolves solving problems

The scientists found that wolves are considerably better than dogs at opening a container, providing they have previously watched another animal do so. Their study involved 14 wolves and 15 mongrel dogs, all about six months old, hand-reared and kept in packs. Each animal was allowed to observe one of two situations in which a trained dog opened a wooden box, either with its mouth or with its paw, to gain access to a food reward. Surprisingly, all of the wolves managed to open the box after watching a dog solve the puzzle, while only four of the dogs managed to do so. Wolves more frequently opened the box using the method they had observed, whereas the dogs appeared to choose randomly whether to use their mouth or their paw.

Watch closely

To exclude the possibility that six-month old dogs fail the experiment because of a delayed physical or cognitive development, the researchers repeated the test after nine months. The dogs proved no more adept at opening the box than they were at a younger age. Another possible explanation for the wolves' apparent superiority at learning is that wolves might simply be better than dogs at solving such problems. To test this idea, the researchers examined the animals' ability to open a box without prior demonstration by a dog. They found that the wolves were rarely successful. "Their problem-solving capability really seems to be based on the observation of a dog performing the task," says Range. "The wolves watched the dog very closely and were able to apply their new knowledge to solve the problem. Their skill at copying probably relates to the fact that wolves are more dependent on cooperation with conspecifics than dogs are and therefore pay more attention to the actions of their partners."

The researchers think that it is likely that the dog-human cooperation originated from cooperation between wolves. During the process of domestication, dogs have become able to accept humans as social partners and thus have adapted their social skills to include interactions with them, concomitantly losing the ability to learn by watching other dogs.


'/>"/>
Contact: Friederike Range
friederike.range@vetmeduni.ac.at
43-664-602-576-252
University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. 2014 ASMCUE and ASM General Meeting collaborate to offer the latest in teaching and research
2. Mainz University collaborates with 3 Chinese universities in research and teaching
3. MARC travel awards announced for 2013 Institute on Teaching and Mentoring
4. 9 UT Arlington educators honored for teaching excellence
5. Teaching complete evolutionary stories increases learning
6. Education resource focuses on teaching population genetics using current research
7. Teaching the brain to speak again
8. Univ. of Miami profs Chen and Soden named Fellows of AMS, Albrecht receives AMS Teaching Award
9. Surprising teaching tool in K-12 science education -- Zebrafish research
10. Young gamers offer insight to teaching new physicians robotic surgery
11. Partnership enhances biology teaching at California community colleges
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/13/2017)... According to a new market research report "Consumer IAM Market by ... Service, Authentication Type, Deployment Mode, Vertical, and Region - Global Forecast to ... USD 14.30 Billion in 2017 to USD 31.75 Billion by 2022, at ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... BROOKLYN, N.Y. , April 11, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... identical fingerprints, but researchers at the New York ... University College of Engineering have found that partial ... fingerprint-based security systems used in mobile phones and ... previously thought. The vulnerability lies in ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... SEATTLE , April 5, 2017  The Allen ... the Allen Cell Explorer: a one-of-a-kind portal and dynamic ... large-scale 3D imaging data, the first application of deep ... edited human stem cell lines and a growing suite ... the platform for these and future publicly available resources ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/9/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 09, 2017 , ... At its ... Dr. Christopher Stubbs, a professor in Harvard University’s Departments of Physics and Astronomy, has ... was a member of the winning team for the 2015 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... ... October 06, 2017 , ... With ... microscopy and surface analysis, Nanoscience Instruments is now expanding into Analytical Services. ... range of contract analysis services for advanced applications. Services will leverage techniques ...
(Date:10/6/2017)... Mass. (PRWEB) , ... October 06, 2017 , ... ... female entrepreneurship within the healthcare and technology sector at their fourth annual Conference ... panels featuring 30 inspiring speakers and the ELEVATE pitch competition showcasing early stage ...
(Date:10/5/2017)... ... October 05, 2017 , ... Understanding the microbiome, the millions of bacteria ... Gut Love: You Are My Future, the newest exhibit on display at the University ... the human condition through the lens of the gut microbiome. , Gut Love ...
Breaking Biology Technology: