Navigation Links
Targeting bacterial gas defenses allow for increased efficacy of numerous antibiotics
Date:11/17/2011

Although scientists have known for centuries that many bacteria produce hydrogen sulfide (H2S) it was thought to be simply a toxic by-product of cellular activity. Now, researchers at NYU School of Medicine have discovered H2S in fact plays a major role in protecting bacteria from the effects of numerous different antibiotics.

In the study led by Evgeny Nudler, PhD, the Julie Wilson Anderson Professor of Biochemistry at NYU School of Medicine, researchers found evidence that H2S acts as a general defense mechanism against oxidative stress, the process through which many antibiotics kill bacteria. This information provides the basis for developing new techniques to suppress this universal bacterial defense mechanism and make bacteria more susceptible to antibiotics at lower doses. It also paves the way for reversing antibiotic resistance in human pathogens such as Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, E. coli, and many others. The study's findings were published online on November 17 edition of Science.

"Surprisingly little has been known about H2S biochemistry and physiology in common bacteria" said Dr. Nudler. "We are excited about the potential impact this research may have on the growing problem of microbial resistance. These findings suggest a conceptually new approach, an adjuvant therapy that targets bacterial gas defenses and thus increases the efficacy of many clinically used antibiotics."

More specifically, the study showed that integrated mechanism of H2S-mediated protection against oxidative stress also protects against antibiotics. The research provides direct support for the emerging concept of the pro-oxidative action of many antibiotics. In addition, the study demonstrates that bacteria that generate both H2S and nitric oxide (NO) simultaneously, such as B. anthracis (a causative of anthrax), cannot survive without both gases, even under normal growth conditions. One gas makes up for the lack of the other and at least one of them is essential.

In a previous study Dr. Nudler and his colleagues demonstrated that NO plays a similar role in protecting bacteria from antibiotics (Science September 9, 2009). However, because NO is present in only a limited number of bacteria while hydrogen sulfide synthesis occurs in essentially all bacteria, the practical implications of this new finding is extremely wide-ranging.


'/>"/>

Contact: Christopher Rucas
Christopher.Rucas@nyumc.org
212-404-3525
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Motor nerve targeting to limb muscles is controlled by ephrin proteins
2. Twin nanoparticle shown effective at targeting, killing breast cancer cells
3. Peregrines PS-targeting antibodies highlighted in AACR Annual Meeting studies
4. Targeting children effective use of limited supplies of flu vaccine and could help control flu spread
5. Targeting helpers of heat shock proteins could help treat cancer, cardiovascular disease
6. UCLA researchers discover new molecular pathway for targeting cancer, disease
7. Antibody targeting of glioblastoma shows promise in preclinical tests, say Lombardi researchers
8. Lose the fat: Targeting grease to curtail sewer overflows
9. Advances reported in quest for drugs targeting childhood cancer
10. Peregrine reports new study from Duke shows anti-HIV potential of targeting PS on cells
11. Targeting a waterborne foe
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/1/2016)... , February 1, 2016 ... advancements to drive global touchfree intuitive gesture control market ... --> Rising sales of consumer electronics coupled with ... control market size through 2020 ... electronics coupled with new technological advancements to drive global ...
(Date:2/1/2016)... Fla. , Feb. 1, 2016  Wocket® smart wallet ( www.wocketwallet.com ... and television personality, Joey Fatone . Las Vegas ... greet fans. --> Las Vegas , where ... --> The new video ad was filmed at the Consumer ... appeared at the Wocket booth to meet and greet fans. ...
(Date:1/27/2016)... Jan. 27, 2016  Rite Track, Inc. a leading ... West Chester, Ohio announced today the ... staff, based in Austin, Texas , ... to provide modifications, installations and technical support offerings for ... of PLUS, commented, "PLUS has provided world class service ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/4/2016)... -- ContraVir Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: CTRV ), a ... targeted antiviral therapies, announced today that it will present ... held February 8-9, 2016, at the Waldorf Astoria New ... Healthcare Conference, taking place in New York ... Sapirstein , Chief Executive Officer of ContraVir, will provide ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... California (PRWEB) , ... February 04, 2016 , ... ... Intelligence (AI) and leading supplier of Semantic Graph Database technology has been recognized ... Database Products ” by Corporate America Magazine. , “At Corporate America, it’s our ...
(Date:2/3/2016)...   ViaCyte, Inc ., a leading, privately-held ... cell-derived islet replacement therapy for the treatment of ... that ViaCyte and Janssen Biotech, Inc., one of ... have agreed to consolidate the assets of the ... ViaCyte with an exclusive license to all BetaLogics ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... -- Ascendis Pharma A/S (Nasdaq: ASND ), a ... technology to address significant unmet medical needs, today announced ... Partners Global Healthcare Conference Location: , Waldorf Astoria, ... Time:  , 11:55am EST www.ascendispharma.com . ... audio webcast of this event will be posted to ...
Breaking Biology Technology: