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Targeted antibacterial proteins may offer antibiotic alternative
Date:11/20/2011

t 24 hours post administration.
  • When given shortly after the animals were infected with E. coli O157:H7 but before they developed active disease, the Avidocin protein inhibited bacterial colonization and/or the symptoms of infection. Animals that received the highest dose of protein studied did not develop diarrhea at any time during the experiment. In contrast, animals given buffer alone developed typical diarrhea within 1-2 days after infection, which worsened by the 3rd day of the study.
  • Analyses of colon tissue showed less severe intestinal inflammation in Avidocin protein-treated animals compared to controls. Avidocin protein administration also greatly reduced the number of E. coli O157:H7 recovered from the intestine and the stool of treated animals.
  • When the anti-E. coli O157:H7 Avidocin protein was administered to infected animals already exhibiting disease symptoms, the existing diarrhea began to resolve in treated animals compared to animals treated with placebo. This reduction in diarrhea persisted until the experiment was terminated, 9 days post infection, at which time the feces of the treated animals appeared closer to feces from uninfected animals than the still largely liquid stool of the control animals. Thus, even after the onset of diarrhea in E. coli O157:H7-infected animals, administration of the anti-E. coli O157:H7 Avidocin protein could still mitigate the effects of infection.

    "These findings suggest that an Avidocin protein targeted against E. coli O157:H7 offers promise for both the prevention and treatment of infection by this important enteric pathogen," concluded Dr. Scholl. "Moreover, this agent provides several significant advantages over conventional antibiotics, including a lack of drug-induced shiga toxin production and unintended collateral damage to normal intestinal bacterial populations. Additionally those rare variants of E. coli O157:H7 that em
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  • Contact: Joan Kureczka
    Joan@kureczka-martin.com
    415-821-2413
    Kureczka/Martin Associates
    Source:Eurekalert

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