Navigation Links
T-rays technology could help develop Star Trek-style hand-held medical scanners
Date:1/20/2012

Scientists have developed a new way to create electromagnetic Terahertz (THz) waves or T-rays - the technology behind full-body security scanners. The researchers behind the study, published recently in the journal Nature Photonics, say their new stronger and more efficient continuous wave T-rays could be used to make better medical scanning gadgets and may one day lead to innovations similar to the 'tricorder' scanner used in Star Trek.

In the study, researchers from the Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE), a research institute of the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) in Singapore, and Imperial College London in the UK have made T-rays into a much stronger directional beam than was previously thought possible, and have done so at room-temperature conditions. This is a breakthrough that should allow future T-ray systems to be smaller, more portable, easier to operate, and much cheaper than current devices.

The scientists say that the T-ray scanner and detector could provide part of the functionality of a Star Trek-like medical 'tricorder' - a portable sensing, computing and data communications device - since the waves are capable of detecting biological phenomena such as increased blood flow around tumorous growths. Future scanners could also perform fast wireless data communication to transfer a high volume of information on the measurements it makes.

T-rays are waves in the far infrared part of the electromagnetic spectrum that have a wavelength hundreds of times longer than those that make up visible light. Such waves are already in use in airport security scanners, prototype medical scanning devices and in spectroscopy systems for materials analysis. T-rays can sense molecules such as those present in cancerous tumours and living DNA, since every molecule has its unique signature in the THz range. They can also be used to detect explosives or drugs, for gas pollution monitoring or non-destructive testing of semiconductor integrated circuit chips.

Current T-ray imaging devices are very expensive and operate at only a low output power, since creating the waves consumes large amounts of energy and needs to take place at very low temperatures.

In the new technique, the researchers demonstrated that it is possible to produce a strong beam of T-rays by shining light of differing wavelengths on a pair of electrodes - two pointed strips of metal separated by a 100 nanometre gap on top of a semiconductor wafer. The structure of the tip-to-tip nano-sized gap electrode greatly enhances the THz field and acts like a nano-antenna to amplify the wave generated. In this method, THz waves are produced by an interaction between the electromagnetic waves of the light pulses and a powerful current passing between the semiconductor electrodes. The scientists are able to tune the wavelength of the T-rays to create a beam that is useable in the scanning technology.

Lead author Dr Jing Hua Teng, from A*STAR's IMRE, said: "The secret behind the innovation lies in the new nano-antenna that we had developed and integrated into the semiconductor chip." Arrays of these nano-antennas create much stronger THz fields that generate a power output that is 100 times higher than the power output of commonly used THz sources that have conventional interdigitated antenna structures. A stronger T-ray source renders the T-ray imaging devices more power and higher resolution.

Research co-author Stefan Maier, a visiting scientist at A*STAR's IMRE and Professor in the Department of Physics at Imperial College London, said: "T-rays promise to revolutionise medical scanning to make it faster and more convenient, potentially relieving patients from the inconvenience of complicated diagnostic procedures and the stress of waiting for accurate results. Thanks to modern nanotechnology and nanofabrication, we have made a real breakthrough in the generation of T-rays that takes us a step closer to these new scanning devices. With the introduction of a gap of only 0.1 micrometers into the electrodes, we have been able to make amplified waves at the key wavelength of 1000 micrometers that can be used in such real world applications."


'/>"/>
Contact: Simon Levey
s.levey@imperial.ac.uk
44-020-759-46702
Imperial College London
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. 2012 Biotechnology and Pharmaceuticals: Forthcoming Conferences and Exhibitions
2. BGI enters agreement with National Center for Soybean Biotechnology to re-sequence 1,008 soybean lines
3. Neurotechnology Announces VeriFinger, VeriLook and MegaMatcher Biometric Technologies for the Android Platform
4. White House official heads keynote speakers at Carbon Management Technology Conference
5. Naval technology could be a lifesaver
6. Exploiting Trichoderma: From food security to biotechnology
7. UCF nanotechnology may speed up drug testing
8. 2 research facilities awarded technology seeding grants
9. DigitalPersona Open Sources New FingerJetFX Biometrics Technology for Mobile Devices, PCs and Servers
10. KAISTs successful transfer of green technology
11. NIH answers call to streamline technology transfer process
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/3/2016)... LIVERMORE, Calif. , Feb. 3, 2016 ... Police Department in Missouri ... of license plate reader (LPR) data from Vigilant Solutions. ... a hit-and-run case in which the victim was walking out ... a parking space next to his vehicle, striking his ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... , Feb. 2, 2016 Technology Enhancements Accelerate Growth ... analysis of the digital and computed radiography markets in ... , and Indonesia (TIM). It ... market size, as well as regional market drivers and ... discusses market penetration and market attractiveness, both for digital ...
(Date:2/1/2016)... , Feb. 1, 2016  Wocket® smart wallet ( www.wocketwallet.com ) ... television personality, Joey Fatone . Las Vegas ... fans. --> Las Vegas , where Joey ... --> The new video ad was filmed at the Consumer Electronics ... at the Wocket booth to meet and greet fans. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/6/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 06, 2016 , ... ... amitchell(at)cee(dot)org , The Center for Excellence in Education Sponsors Teacher Training Program ... – February 4, 2016 – The Center for Excellence in Education (CEE) will ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Feb. 5, 2016  In the pharmaceutical industry the ... host of launch activities including the identification and engagement ... activity is especially high in the oncology therapeutic area ... Practices and the Role of Medical Affairs in Oncology ... on oncology therapies find better ways to utilize medical ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Amarantus BioScience Holdings, Inc. ... developing products for Regenerative Medicine, Neurology and Orphan Diseases, ... (RPDD) from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ... previously granted orphan drug designation (ODD) by the US ... Holdings, Inc. (OTCQB: AMBS), a biotechnology ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... Morf Media Inc ... an interactive FDA compliance training course, Writing Effective SOPs ... accredited interactive course on Morf Playbook—now conveniently available on smartphones and PCs--provides step ...
Breaking Biology Technology: