Navigation Links
Systems biology approach identifies nutrient regulation of biological clock in plants
Date:3/14/2008

Using a systems biological analysis of genome-scale data from the model plant Arabidopsis, an international team of researchers identified that the master gene controlling the biological clock is sensitive to nutrient status. The study will appear in the latest issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. This hypothesis derived from multi-network analysis of Arabidopsis genomic data, and validated experimentally, has shed light on how nutrients affect the molecular networks controlling plant growth and development in response to nutrient sensing.

The study was conducted by a team of researchers at New York Universitys Center for Genomics and Systems Biology, Chiles Pontificia Universidad Catlica de Chile, Dartmouth College, and Cold Spring Harbor Labs. The studys lead authors are Rodrigo A. Gutirrez of the Pontificia Universidad Catlica de Chile and Gloria Coruzzi of NYUs Center for Genomics and Systems Biology. They note that the systems biology approach to uncovering nutrient regulated gene networks provides new targets for engineering traits in plants of agronomic interest such as increased nitrogen use efficiency, which could lead to reduced fertilizer cost and lowering ground water contamination by nitrates.

Scientists have previously studied how nitrogen nutrients affect gene expression as a way to understand the mechanisms that control plant growth and development. Nitrogen is an essential nutrient and a metabolic signal that is sensed and converted, resulting in the control of gene expression in plants. In addition, nitrate has been shown to serve as a signal for the control of gene expression in Arabidopsis, the first flowering plant to have its entire genome sequenced. There is existing evidence, on a gene-by-gene basis, that products of nitrogen assimilation, the amino acids glutamate (Glu) or glutamine (Gln), might serve as signals of organic nitrogen status that are sensed and in turn regulate gene expression.

To identify genome-wide responses to such organic nitrogen signals, the researchers treated Arabidopsis seedlings with inorganic nitrogen (N) in both the presence and the absence of chemicals that inhibit the assimilation into organic N and conducted a genome-wide analysis of all genes whose expression responds to inorganic or organic forms of nitrogen. Using an integrated network model of molecular interactions for Arabidopsis--constructed by the researchers--in which approximately 7,000 genes are connected by 230,000 molecular interactions, they uncovered a sub-network of genes regulated by organic nitrogen that includes a highly connected network hub CCA1, which controls a plants biological clock, and target genes involved in nitrogen assimilation.

The findings thus provide evidence that plant nutrition, like animal nutrition, is tightly linked to circadian, or biological clock, functions as scientists have previously hypothesized. Other researchers have recently found that the central clock gene Per2 is necessary for food anticipation in mice. This study indicates that nitrogen nutrition affects CCA1, the central clock gene of plants, suggesting nutritional regulation of the biological clock occurs in plants.


'/>"/>

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Small streams mitigate human influence on coastal ecosystems
2. Rats on islands disrupt ecosystems from land to sea, researchers find
3. Adapting local ecosystems can soften impact of global climate change
4. Map is first to track global human influences on ocean ecosystems
5. First map of threats to marine ecosystems shows all the worlds oceans are affected
6. Washington University increases fleet of Roche Genome Sequencer FLX Systems
7. Systems biologist finds novel solutions to fundamental biological problems
8. Accu-Time Systems, Inc. Announces Launch of Next Generation Human Capital Management (HCM) solutions: Global Series(TM)
9. Resilience concepts poised to aid management of coastal marine ecosystems
10. Brain-computer link systems on the brink of breakthrough, study finds
11. Fidelica Microsystems Announces Biometrically-Authenticated Smart Card
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/3/2016)... --> --> ... Fingerprint Identification System Market by Component (Hardware and Software), ... Finance, Government, Healthcare, and Transportation) and Geography - Global ... expected to be worth USD 8.49 Billion by 2020 ... 2020. The transformation and technology evolution from the manual ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... , Feb. 3, 2016 ... the addition of the "Emotion Detection ... Machine Learning, and Others), Software Tools (Facial ... Areas, End Users,and Regions - Global forecast ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/d8zjcd/emotion_detection ) has ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... 2016 This BCC Research report provides ... reviewing the recent advances in high throughput ‘omic ... field forward. Includes forecast through 2019. ... and opportunities that exist in the bioinformatic market. ... as well as IT and bioinformatics service providers. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... Conn. , Feb. 8, 2016  NanoViricides, Inc. (NYSE MKT: ... its CEO, Eugene Seymour , MD, MPH, will present information ... at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City ... will be in the Windsor Room at 5:30PM EST. Registered attendees ... New York City . --> ...
(Date:2/6/2016)... ... February 06, 2016 , ... Contact:, Abby Mitchell, ... Excellence in Education Sponsors Teacher Training Program , Bite of Science Dinner Event ... Center for Excellence in Education (CEE) will sponsor a Bite of Science professional ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... SYDNEY , Feb. 5, 2016 Australian-US drug ... ), announced today the appointment of a new Chairman, Mr ... Bryce Carmine , effective immediately. James Garner ... an Executive Director and former Acting CEO, Mr Iain ... a Non-Executive Director. --> James Garner , has ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... ... Club, takes place February 5-6 at the University’s student center, Kehr Union, ... such as workshops and competitions for ample networking, learning and collaborating opportunities. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: