Navigation Links
Symposium marks milestones in honey bee management, research
Date:12/10/2010

CHAMPAIGN, lll. In 1851, Lorenzo Langstroth, a Congregational minister and young ladies' school principal based in Philadelphia, revolutionized the practice of beekeeping. He had observed that honey bees will fill a large space in their hives with honeycomb and seal small cracks with propolis, a resinous "bee glue" made from tree sap and other sticky substances, but will leave any gap that is about 3/8 of an inch wide just big enough for a bee to pass through. Langstroth was the first to incorporate this "bee space" into the design of his box-frame hive.

Building on other innovations of his day the use of frames or slats to support the weight of honeycombs in the hive, for example Langstroth devised the first "moveable frame hive," in which each comb-filled frame had a 3/8-inch space around it. This allowed beekeepers to extract the honey frame by frame without killing their most productive bees or destroying their combs, as other methods had done. His design made better use of the space inside the hive and increased the yield of a typical hive from about 20 pounds to more than 100 pounds per year. His hive is still in use today.

A symposium at the Entomology Society of America meeting in San Diego on Sunday (Dec. 12) commemorates this and other honey bee-related achievements and challenges 200 years after Langstroth's birth (on Christmas Day, 1810).

"Bee Space The Final Frontier: the Bicentennial Celebration of Lorenzo Langstroth and Diverse Discoveries in Honey Bee Biology," will include presentations by entomologists with expertise in honey bee biology, reproduction, genomics, hygiene and history.

"Our hope is that this symposium will spur a lot of creative thinking within the scientific community to look at ways of improving apiculture," said Gene Kritsky, an entomologist at the College of Mount St. Joseph in Cincinnati, an expert on the history of beekeeping and an organizer of the event with University of Illinois entomology professor and department head May Berenbaum.

At the symposium, Kritsky, the author of "The Quest for the Perfect Hive: A History of Innovation in Bee Culture," will review Langstroth's work and legacy, including the process of experimentation and research that led to his hive design. Berenbaum, the author of "Honey, I'm Homemade: Sweet Treats From the Beehive Across the Centuries and Around the World," will give a brief history of honey.

(For more information about their books, see "Two Books Explore the History and Delights of Honey, Bees and Beehives.")

The symposium also will explore recent advances in honey bee science. For example, the completion of the bee genome, Kritsky said, "is giving us the opportunity to stand at the threshold of possibly another revolution in beekeeping."

University of Illinois entomology and neuroscience professor Gene Robinson, who led the honey bee genome sequencing effort, will discuss studies that use the genome to explore new challenges to the apiculture industry, such as colony collapse disorder, which has led to dramatic losses of honey bees in many parts of the world. Robinson will describe how the genome also allows researchers to peer into the honey bee brain to see which genes are activated in its responses to real-world stimuli. And he will describe how the genome informed a recent study from his lab that found that aggression in honey bees is associated with decreased brain metabolism.

Walter Sheppard, the chair of the department of entomology at Washington State University, will review his efforts to document the genetic diversity of honey bees in North America (most are descended from only a few hundred original bees, he found) and to increase those genetic resources by importing select honey bees from other parts of the world.

University of Minnesota entomology professor Marla Spivak, who this year received a "genius grant" from the MacArthur Foundation, will describe her work to develop practical applications to protect honey bee populations from parasites and disease.

Diana Sammataro, of the USDA Carl Hayden Honey Bee Research Center in Tucson, Ariz., will offer insights into the bacterial life of the honey bee stomach.


'/>"/>

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. CTRC-AACR to hold 33rd Annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium
2. Symposium in Vietnam to discuss integrated approach to defeating diarrheal disease
3. Abstracts for the EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium in Berlin go up online on Friday, Oct. 29
4. 22nd EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics
5. Stem Cells and International Stem Cell Symposium present annual stem cells award
6. Military medicine symposium to explore regenerative medicine, behavioral health
7. Sutherland and Berglass to keynote USU-HJF Military Medicine Symposium
8. University at Buffalo symposium on in silico methods, high throughput screening
9. American Chemical Society, Council for Chemical Research to hold R&D symposium Aug. 22
10. Ecologists to discuss impacts of mountaintop mining at special ESA symposium
11. Symposium to explore broadening partnerships to spur medical advances for war injuries
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/2/2016)... YORK , Feb. 2, 2016 ... of that Rising Market Are you interested ... analysis forecasts revenues for checkpoint inhibitors. Visiongain,s report ... market, submarket, product and national level. Avoid ... discover what progress, opportunities and revenues those emerging ...
(Date:2/1/2016)... , February 1, 2016 Rising ... to drive global touchfree intuitive gesture control market ... Rising sales of consumer electronics coupled with new ... market size through 2020   ... coupled with new technological advancements to drive global touchfree ...
(Date:1/27/2016)... CHESTER, Ohio , Jan. 27, 2016  Rite ... supplier based in West Chester, Ohio ... their award winning service staff, based in ... technical capacity and ability to provide modifications, installations and ... John Dovalina , CEO of PLUS, commented, "PLUS has ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... The ... Center in Atlanta, Georgia, will include 848 exhibitors (count as of February 9) ... displaying products and services used by the scientific community in industrial, academic, and ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... PLAINFIELD, N.J. , Feb. 12, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the second annual STRIVE (Strategies to Realize ... Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). STRIVE provides funds to ... programs that will make meaningful contributions to the ... or fostering development of future patient advocates. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , February 11, 2016 Non-profit Consortium ... Genetic Understanding to Support Research and Discovery ... today announced an ambitious plan to sequence 100,000 individuals. It ... countries and at least 7 of North and East Asian ... the first phase, the project will focus on creating phased ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... AUSTIN, Texas , Feb. 11, 2016  Vermillion, ... focused on gynecologic disease, today announced the formation of ... --> --> Pelvic ... in both diagnosis and management. Once pregnancy is ruled ... fallopian tubes and ovaries, advanced endometriosis, benign ovarian tumors ...
Breaking Biology Technology: