Navigation Links
Switchgrass produces biomass efficiently
Date:11/23/2009

MADISON, WI, November 16, 2009 -- A USDOE and USDA study concluded that 50 million U.S. acres of cropland, idle cropland, and cropland pasture could be converted from current uses to the production of perennial grasses, such as switchgrass, from which biomass could be harvested for use as a biofuel feedstock. Economically viable production of a perennial grass monoculture from which substantial quantities of biomass are removed annually is expected to require nitrogen fertilizer.

An agronomist at Oklahoma State University, Regents Professor Emeritus Charles Taliaferro, designed and conducted an experiment to determine biomass yield from alternative levels of nitrogen fertilizer for a single and double harvest per year system for four perennial grass species (bermudagrass, flaccidgrass, lovegrass, and switchgrass). Agricultural economics graduate student, Mohua Haque, used the data produced in the field experiments to determine the most economical species, level of nitrogen, and harvest frequency for several sets of nitrogen fertilizer prices and hypothetical biomass prices. The study was funded by the USDA Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service and by Oklahoma State University. Results from the study were published in the November-December issue of the Agronomy Journal.

Haque explains, "For the soil and weather conditions that prevailed at the experiment site for the duration of the study, switchgrass clearly produced more dry biomass per dollar cost than the other three species. If perennial grass for biofuel feedstock is the best alternative for a field, and if the biomass price exceeds the cost of production, the optimal strategy would be to establish switchgrass, and in post-establishment years, to fertilize with 60 pounds of nitrogen per acre per year, and to harvest once per year after senescence."

If an economically viable system for conversion of biomass from perennial grasses to biofuels is developed, millions of acres may be bid from current uses and seeded to switchgrass.

Results from the study will be incorporated into a model at Oklahoma State University to evaluate the economic potential of alternative cellulosic biofuels production systems for Oklahoma. The goal of the research effort is to construct and solve models to determine the optimal number, size, and locations of cellulosic biorefineries, feedstock production counties, harvest months, fertilizer levels, number of harvest machines, storage strategy, and feedstock transportation flows.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sara Uttech
suttech@agronomy.org
608-268-4948
American Society of Agronomy
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Miscanthus can meet US biofuels goal using less land than corn or switchgrass
2. Accidental discovery produces durable new blue pigment for multiple applications
3. UC Davis challenge produces a better air conditioner
4. Wastewater produces electricity and desalinates water
5. Researchers describe implausible chemistry that produces herbicidal compound
6. Obscure fungus produces diesel fuel components
7. Ethanol byproduct produces green results
8. New chemotherapy combo produces side effects, but no extra efficacy, in early breast cancer patients
9. New study shows Dermytol produces pronounced decrease in malignant melanoma tumor volume
10. New technique can fast-track better ionic liquids for biomass pre-treatments
11. Biomass as a source of raw materials
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 Market Research Future published a ... The global Mobile Biometric Security and Service Market is expected to ... 2022. Market Highlights: ... , Mobile Biometric Security ... to the increasing need of authentication and security from unwanted cyber ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... PUNE, India , December 7, 2016 According to ... NLP, Machine Learning), Software Tool (Facial Expression, Voice Recognition), Service, Application Area, End ... size is estimated to grow from USD 6.72 Billion in 2016 to USD ... Continue Reading ... ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... Avanade is helping Williams Martini Racing, one of ... biometric data in order to critically analyse every aspect ... against their rivals after their impressive, record-breaking pit stop ... with Williams during the 2016 season to capture and ... rate, temperature and peak acceleration) for key members of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/13/2017)... 13, 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... - Global Forecast to 2021" report to their offering. ... The biosimilars market ... 3.39 Billion in 2016, at a CAGR of 26.3%. ... product, manufacturing type, and application. Factors such as rising incidence of ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... ... January 12, 2017 , ... ... VTI, Vertebral Technologies, Inc., announces the successful outcome of the first lumbar ... 2016, VTI (Vertebral Technologies, Inc.) has partnered with Mexico-based medical product company ...
(Date:1/12/2017)... The Energy and Resources Institute ... producing mycorrhizae. The Centre for Mycorrhizal Research at TERI ... and developed a technology that eventually produces mycorrhizae based ... ... The TERI facility has a production capacity of over ...
(Date:1/11/2017)... ... January 11, 2017 , ... Phase ... show early promise of the investigational anti-cancer agent tucatinib (formerly ONT-380) against HER2+ ... treatment regimens. Twenty-seven percent of these heavily pretreated patients saw clinical benefit from ...
Breaking Biology Technology: