Navigation Links
Switch from corn to grass would raise ethanol output, cut emissions
Date:7/12/2011

nk for greenhouse gases from the atmosphere," DeLucia said.

Miscanthus grows in thick stands up to 13 feet tall in test plots in Illinois. It does well on marginal land without being fertilized, so using it as a biofuel feedstock instead of corn would eliminate a major source of air and water pollution, Davis said. Nitrous oxide, a byproduct of the fertilizers used on cornfields, "is actually a more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide," she said.

"Both switchgrass and miscanthus are perennial grasses, which means that you don't have to till every year, you don't have to plant every year, so there's much less soil disturbance happening than with corn," Davis said. "And because the root system remains in place year after year, there's more carbon going into the soil."

Several hurdles remain before the transition from corn to cellulosic ethanol production can occur on a commercial scale, the researchers said. Converting the sugars in corn to ethanol is easier than releasing the energy locked in plant stems and leaves.

Currently, one commercial-scale lignocellulose biorefinery is under construction in the U.S. in Florida, the researchers said, and other facilities are in the planning stages. More research must be done to increase the efficiency of the process, the researchers said.

"We know that these grasses are enormously productive; we know the agronomy works; we know the ecology works," DeLucia said. "So the next step is to break down the economic barriers by making an efficient conversion chain from lignocellulosics to ethanol."

DeLucia said most scientists in the field expect this to be achieved within a decade.


'/>"/>

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Genetic switch for limbs and digits found in ancient fish
2. UCI, French researchers find master switch for adult epilepsy
3. Scientists use super microscope to pinpoint body’s immunity switch
4. Scientists discover switch to speed up stem cell production
5. Master switch gene for obesity and diabetes discovered
6. Plant hormone auxin triggers a genetic switch
7. Switching to solar
8. Scripps Research scientists find dual switch regulates fat formation
9. Research identifies on-off switch for key factor in heart disease and cancer
10. Insulin-releasing switch discovered
11. Flipping a switch on neuron activity
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Switch from corn to grass would raise ethanol output, cut emissions
(Date:9/29/2014)... A species of gut bacteria called Clostridium ramosum , ... weight. The work is published this week in mBio ... Microbiology. , A research team from the German Institute ... human gut bacteria including C. ramosum gained weight ... C. ramosum were less obese even when consuming ...
(Date:9/29/2014)... September 29: Between 1970 and 2010 populations of ... globe dropped 52 percent, says the 2014 Living ... (WWF). This biodiversity loss occurs disproportionately in low-income ... high-income countries. , In addition to the precipitous ... to other warning signs about the overall health ...
(Date:9/29/2014)... with children at home should use ventilation when cooking ... are recommending, after a new study showed an association ... and chronic bronchitis. , "In homes where a gas ... and wheezing is higher than in homes where a ... an associate professor in the College of Public Health ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Gut bacteria promote obesity in mice 2Half of global wildlife lost, says new WWF report 2Childhood asthma linked to lack of ventilation for gas stoves, OSU study shows 2Childhood asthma linked to lack of ventilation for gas stoves, OSU study shows 3
... University of Alberta have pinpointed a genetic marker for sporadic ... in Caucasians., Researchers have identified many genetic markers for familial ... for 80 per cent of all cases. Sambasivarao Damaraju, a ... researcher at the Cross Cancer Institute, worked with his team ...
... a novel method of analyzing genetic variations in families, ... genetic variations affecting related biochemical processes may team up ... findings, reported May 28 in Translational Psychiatry , ... and schizophrenia, and may lead to a genetic test ...
... Osteoporosis Foundation,s key regional meeting in Hong Kong ... enriching scientific programme of direct relevance to your ... experts from around the world. http://www.iofbonehealth.org/hongkong-2013/ ... Plenary sessions devoted to epidemiology, ...
Cached Biology News:U of A medical researchers ID genetic marker for sporadic breast cancer 2Family studies suggest rare genetic mutations team up to cause schizophrenia 2
(Date:9/29/2014)... TORONTO , Sept. 29, 2014 /PRNewswire/ - SQI ... company that develops and commercializes proprietary technologies and products ... appointment of Peter Winkley to Chairman of ... Ricks .  Mr. Ricks will continue to serve as ... provide leadership to the Company.  "We ...
(Date:9/29/2014)... CIRENCESTER, England , September 29, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... tighter margins and greater competition to transform network ... brand   ProLabs , ... infrastructure products, announced today the findings of their ... Optical Communications (ECOC) with top optical communications professionals ...
(Date:9/29/2014)... ZIONA, Israel , September 29, ... stage company developing novel immunomodulators for severe infections, today ... ( BARDA ) has awarded Atox Bio with a ... for the development of AB103 to treat Necrotizing Soft ... and public health threats that end in sepsis. ...
(Date:9/29/2014)... , Sept. 29, 2014 CytRx ... research and development company specializing in oncology, today ... (FDA) has granted multiple Orphan Drug Designations for ... indications: glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), small cell lung cancer ... of the widely-used chemotherapeutic agent, doxorubicin. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:SQI Diagnostics Announces New Chairman of Board of Directors 2End of an Era: OEM Dominance - Could it be a Thing of the Past? 2Atox Bio Awarded Contract Worth up to $24 Million for the Development of AB103 by the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) 2CytRx Receives Multiple FDA Orphan Drug Designations for Aldoxorubicin for the Treatment of Glioblastoma, Small Cell Lung Cancer and Ovarian Cancer 2CytRx Receives Multiple FDA Orphan Drug Designations for Aldoxorubicin for the Treatment of Glioblastoma, Small Cell Lung Cancer and Ovarian Cancer 3CytRx Receives Multiple FDA Orphan Drug Designations for Aldoxorubicin for the Treatment of Glioblastoma, Small Cell Lung Cancer and Ovarian Cancer 4CytRx Receives Multiple FDA Orphan Drug Designations for Aldoxorubicin for the Treatment of Glioblastoma, Small Cell Lung Cancer and Ovarian Cancer 5
... , LANSING, Mich., June 18 Fortune Magazine has ... in its annual list of the "40 best stocks to retire ... 40 list in 2002, stating: "We wanted to assemble a diversified, ... that could soar when the market did but also hold steady ...
... June 18 Environmental Tectonics Corporation,s (OTC Bulletin Board: ... the sale of an additional BARA-MED(R)XD monoplace hyperbaric oxygen ... The state-of-the-art monoplace chamber is among the first ... Oklahoma. , , Hyperbaric chambers are used ...
... FRANCISCO, June 18 Burrill & Company, a San ... Venture Capital, Private Equity, Merchant Banking and Media, is ... firm as Managing Director, Merchant Banking. Shawn will assist ... and capital raising transactions. In addition, Shawn will make ...
Cached Biology Technology:Neogen Named to Fortune's List of 40 Stocks 'To Retire On' 2Environmental Tectonics Corporation Announces Additional Hyperbaric Monoplace Chamber Sale to St. John Wound Center 2Environmental Tectonics Corporation Announces Additional Hyperbaric Monoplace Chamber Sale to St. John Wound Center 3Environmental Tectonics Corporation Announces Additional Hyperbaric Monoplace Chamber Sale to St. John Wound Center 4Shawn Cross Joins Burrill Merchant Banking 2Shawn Cross Joins Burrill Merchant Banking 3
... Disposable. Virgin, optically clear polystyrene ... and alphanumeric coordinates for cell counting. ... number is a new product number, ... number. If showing no availability yet, ...
... The Luminex 100 IS System is a compact ... that integrates lasers, optics, fluidics, a controller, advanced ... This powerful, compact lab analysis system includes the ... Also, it has a DMF file at the ...
... gradient system is ideal for routine binary separations. ... sensitive Adept CE 4201 UV-Visible variable wavelength detector. ... provided by the two highly accurate and ... 4100 solvent delivery pumps., Chromatograms may be plotted ...
... Hep G2 cells were cultured in Minimum Essential ... at the log phase of growth. In ... forms, cells were fixed in acetone-methanol. The ... adhesive coated slide, with each wells surface specifically ...
Biology Products: