Navigation Links
Sweet success for sustainable biofuel research
Date:1/25/2010

Scientists have found a way to increase fermentable sugar stores in plants which could lead to plant biomass being easier to convert into eco-friendly sustainable biofuels. Their research is highlighted in the latest issue of Business, the quarterly highlights magazine of the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC).

Energy is released in a usable form from biomass when biodegradable matter such as wood or straw is burnt or fermented. Fuel for use in cars is produced by fermentation. To make the fermentation process more efficient and to maximise energy conversion a better understanding of the release of sugars from plant cell walls is crucial and researchers from the University of Cambridge are doing just that.

Using the plant Arabidopsis, Dr Paul Dupree and his team have found three enzymes responsible for the production of all detectable levels of a type of sugar called glucomannan. Their research also shows that the quantity of glucomannan can be increased or decreased in the stem with no visible detrimental effects on plant development or cell wall strength. However, the researchers found that changes in glucomannan levels had a detrimental effect on seed development.

Dr Dupree explains: "We now know that it may be possible to increase glucomannan specifically in harvestable plant organs, such as stems. This could be very beneficial for the production of bioenergy crops where higher proportions of enzyme-accessible fermentable sugars, such as those in glucomannan, could lead to higher yields of fuel. Achieving higher fuel yields from crops will increase the likelihood of sustainable and economic biofuels displacing fossil fuels."

The increases in fermentable sugar achieved so far are encouraging, but further work is needed to understand how to make substantial improvements in crop species. If the biomass plant material is sourced sustainably, from non-food crops and waste, then this research could h
'/>"/>

Contact: Tracey Jewitt
press.office@bbsrc.ac.uk
44-017-934-14694
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Sweet corn study provides large-scale picture of better fields
2. Sweet corn story begins in UW-Madison lab
3. Cancers sweet tooth may be weakness
4. Recent news reports of sweetener reformulations raise questions about motivations
5. Purple sweet potato means increased amount of anti-cancer components
6. The bitter side of sweeteners
7. Quality and purity of popular stevia sweetener strengthened by new reference standards
8. Red pandas reveal an unexpected (artificial) sweet tooth
9. Liking sweets makes sense for kids
10. Spun-sugar fibers spawn sweet technique for nerve repair
11. New standard for popular stevia-based sweetener to assure products quality
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/11/2014)... with other group members to reduce aggression and gain ... strategy for grooming activities shows a certain pattern across ... scientific journal Biology Letters . , Grooming between ... without ulterior motives. To be groomed has hygienic benefits ... another individual can provide access to infants, mating opportunities ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... kidney injury related to the use of hydroxyethyl starch ... molecules, according to a report in Anesthesia & ... Society (IARS). , The "total mass of HES molecules" ... renal proximal tubule cells (PTCs), concludes the laboratory study ... Wrzburg, Austria. Other factorssuch as differences in the ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... Evidence exists that cannabinoid receptor type 1 ... Ca2+ influx, and reduce neurotransmitter release. However, ... 1 can increase extracellular Ca2+ influx and ... his team, Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji ... Technology, China used whole cell voltage-clamp and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Baboons groom early in the day to get benefits later 2In lab studies, hydroxyethyl starch has direct harmful effects on kidney cells 2
... ways to automate the production of DNA and proteins, making ... complex carbohydrates, it,s been a different story. Until now, ... study has been slow and tedious. In what may change ... Georgia has created a method for the rapid chemical synthesis ...
... MADISON The "mineral-breathing" bacteria found in many ... or anaerobic, environments contain microbes sometimes described as "mineral-breathing" ... the same way we use oxygen. According to a ... Nature Geoscience , this bacterial respiration may be accelerated ...
... microbicide based on a new type of anti-HIV drug found ... similar to HIV, according to a study reported at the ... is the first of a gel with an integrase inhibitor, ... for the treatment of HIV but just one of the ...
Cached Biology News:New method for producing 'libraries' of important carbohydrate molecules 2New method for producing 'libraries' of important carbohydrate molecules 3Organic solids in soil may speed up bacterial breathing 2Vaginal gel with integrase inhibitor shows promise in monkeys 2Vaginal gel with integrase inhibitor shows promise in monkeys 3Vaginal gel with integrase inhibitor shows promise in monkeys 4Vaginal gel with integrase inhibitor shows promise in monkeys 5Vaginal gel with integrase inhibitor shows promise in monkeys 6
(Date:7/10/2014)... CA (PRWEB) July 10, 2014 OMICS ... Bioanalytical techniques during 18-20 August, 2014 at Double Tree ... review the recent developments in Analytical & Bioanalytical research ... globe. , Speaking on this occasion, Dr. Srinubabu Gedela, ... Analytica Acta conference is a remarkable one in bringing ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... -- Kainos Capital, a firm specializing in acquiring and managing ... acquired the Slim-Fast brand from Unilever. Unilever will retain ... transaction were not disclosed. Slim-Fast is a ... ready-to-drink shakes, powders, bars and snacks to retail customers ... the United Kingdom and Ireland.  ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... fight against terrorism with the creation of a sensor ... use of light and special glass fibres. , Published ... , the researchers describe a novel optical fibre sensor ... 6.3 ppm (parts per million). It requires an analysis ... detection has involved looking for metals that encase them ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... power our laptops and electric vehicles could store more ... the help of a sponge-like silicon material. , ... traditionally used in one of the battery,s electrodes, as ... capacity of graphite. A paper describing the material,s performance ... Nature Communications . , "Silicon has long been ...
Breaking Biology Technology:A Critical Review of Analytical Techniques for Improved Living Standards 2A Critical Review of Analytical Techniques for Improved Living Standards 3A Critical Review of Analytical Techniques for Improved Living Standards 4Kainos Capital Acquires Slim-Fast From Unilever 2Detecting trace amounts of explosives with light 2Silicon sponge improves lithium-ion battery performance 2Silicon sponge improves lithium-ion battery performance 3
... Md. - Engineers at the University of Idaho have ... upcoming NASA missions that will study the Earth and ... a grant technical officer Pen-Shu Yeh, a senior engineer ... engineering team at the University of Idaho,s ...
... sensitive microscopy developed by researchers at Harvard University could ... scientists to track the location of minuscule metabolites and ... of any kind of fluorescent labeling. , The technique, ... the vibrations in chemical bonds between atoms. SRS microscopy ...
... iPods to those who test their knowledge at www.synbioproject.org ... Among the 75 people Esquire magazine recently chose as ... an emerging discipline that combines science and engineering in order to ... as synthetic biology. , , ...
Cached Biology Technology:New one-of-a-kind technology will fly on 2 NASA missions 2New one-of-a-kind technology will fly on 2 NASA missions 3New label-free method tracks molecules and drugs in live cells 2Synthetic Biology Importance in the 21st Century 2Synthetic Biology Importance in the 21st Century 3
... Digital Sight DS-L2 imaging controller is a ... DS-L1, and allows users to comfortably observe, ... DS-L2 controller features an 8.4 inch LCD ... variety of Nikon cameras including the DS-Fi1 ...
... a premium quality recombinant form of Thermus ... suitable for a wide range of PCR ... reproducible performance, each preparation is extensively tested ... NovaTaq DNA Polymerase possesses an integral 5′→3′ ...
Mouse polyclonal antibody raised against a partial recombinant TSEN2. NCBI Entrez Gene ID = 80746...
Mouse polyclonal antibody raised against a partial recombinant NCLN. NCBI Entrez Gene ID = 56926...
Biology Products: