Navigation Links
Sweet genes
Date:7/3/2014

Edmonton, July 3, 2014 A research team at the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry at the University of Alberta have discovered a new way by which metabolism is linked to the regulation of DNA, the basis of our genetic code. The findings may have important implications for the understanding of many common diseases, including cancer.

The DNA wraps around specialized proteins called histones in the cell's nucleus. Normally, histones keep the DNA tightly packaged, preventing the expression of genes and the replication of DNA, which are required for cell growth and division. In order for these critical functions to take place, histones need to be modified with the attachment of an acetyl-group, donated by a critical molecule called acetyl-CoA. This attachment relaxes the DNA, allowing for DNA replication and gene expression. This mechanism is called "epigenetic regulation of DNA" and is important for normal functions (like the growth of an embryo or brain functions) or in common diseases like heart failure or cancer. Until now, how the nucleus generates acetyl-CoA for histone acetylation had remained elusive.

The research team, lead by postdoctoral fellow Gopinath Sutendra and professor Evangelos Michelakis in the Department of Medicine, discovered that an enzyme thought to reside only within mitochondria, called Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex (PDC), can actually find its way into the nucleus and do what it is designed to do in the mitochondria: generate acetyl-CoA. When in mitochondria, PDC uses the carbohydrates from our diet to generate acetyl-CoA for energy production. When in the nucleus, PDC can produce acetyl-CoA for histone acetylation.

"Although this jumping of an enzyme from one organelle into another in the cell is not unheard off, our results were quite surprising", Sutendra says. "We wanted to measure acetyl-CoA levels and PDC in the mitochondria because that's where we thought they were. But accidentally we had the nuclei isolated
'/>"/>

Contact: Ross Neitz
rneitz@ualberta.ca
780-492-5986
University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Sweet sweet straw
2. The sweetest calculator in the world
3. The future of sweet cherry in Australia
4. Childrens preferences for sweeter and saltier tastes are linked to each other
5. Nectar: A sweet reward from plants to attract pollinators
6. UT Austin engineer converts yeast cells into sweet crude biofuel
7. Are sweetpotato weevils differentially attracted to certain colors?
8. The economically valuable sweet-gum trees: Taxonomy and 9 new combinations
9. Targeting cancers sweet tooth
10. The brain cannot be fooled by artificial sweeteners
11. Carbonation alters the minds perception of sweetness
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:11/21/2014)... , Nov. 20, 2014 Strict laws against ... are piloting the North American and European automotive sector ... growing, gesture recognition systems that are intuitive and able ... in the industry. New analysis from ... Recognition Market in Europe and ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... Nov. 18, 2014  The Secure Identity & ... today jointly announce the formation of The Airport ... its Identity and Biometric Entry and Exit ... received official support from BORDERPOL, the international non-profit ... and provide expertise regarding border security, traveler and ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... , Nov. 18, 2014   EyeLock Inc. ... solutions, and MorphoTrust USA (Safran), a ... today announced a strategic partnership to offer comprehensive ... vehicle administration (MVA), airport screening and financial services ... solutions, MorphoTrust serves consumers through a nationwide network ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 2Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 3Gesture Recognition Intensifies with the Rise of In-car Smartphone Integration, Says Frost & Sullivan 4Identity Management, Document Authentication and Biometric Companies Form "The Airport Entry and Exit Working Group", Releasing the Framework to Help Guide the Department of Homeland Security and Congress Towards Solutions 2Identity Management, Document Authentication and Biometric Companies Form "The Airport Entry and Exit Working Group", Releasing the Framework to Help Guide the Department of Homeland Security and Congress Towards Solutions 3EyeLock, MorphoTrust Form Strategic Partnership to Pursue Commercial Enterprise Deployments 2EyeLock, MorphoTrust Form Strategic Partnership to Pursue Commercial Enterprise Deployments 3
... December 19, 2011. Jordan Grafman, PhD, director of traumatic ... Humboldt Research Award from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. ... scientists and renowned investigators like Dr. Grafman, who specializes ... cognitive neuroplasticity. "We are pleased to announce ...
... German . For years, Mrs. S. suffered ... rooms, one doctor diagnosed Lyme borreliosis an infectious disease transmitted ... spread throughout the entire body. Mrs. S. is not alone ... all, or is not properly treated. Doctors are provided with no ...
... materials in butanol production have so far been starch ... point in the Aalto University study was to use ... not compete with food production. Another ... modern pulp - and biotechnology. Finland,s advanced forest industry ...
Cached Biology News:Kessler Foundation neuroscientist Jordan Grafman receives Humboldt Research Award 2First aid after tick bites 2Chemicals and biofuel from wood biomass 2
(Date:12/17/2014)... (PRWEB) December 17, 2014 Gene ... that it has entered into a technology access ... (ADM) to apply DNA2.0’s proprietary protein engineering technology, ... process. , “We are extremely excited that the ... platform. This proprietary bioengineering technology has now ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. , Dec. 17, ... positive results of a Phase 2 study evaluating ... for the treatment of patients with severe, chronic ... the current standard of care, including topical steroids ... endpoint was percent change in Visual Analog Scale ...
(Date:12/15/2014)...  GlassesOff Inc. (OTCBB: GLSO) announced today the appointment ... director of the Company,s Board of Directors. ... its CEO until its acquisition by Stanley Black ... Recognized as the inventor of the first Wi-Fi-based Active ... -based RFID solutions focused on improving operational efficiency, safety ...
(Date:12/13/2014)... (PRWEB) December 12, 2014 Clarassance, a ... announced its new name: Therabron Therapeutics , Inc. ... and bronchioles (a type of structure in the lungs ... company’s mission to develop novel protein therapeutics for the ... directors decided to change the name to mark the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:ADM and DNA2.0 Enter Into Protein Engineering Technology Access and Service Agreement 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 2Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 3Velocity Pharmaceutical Development, LLC and Tigercat Pharma, Inc. Announce Phase 2 Results for VPD-737 in Patients With Chronic Pruritus 4AeroScout Founder Joins GlassesOff's Board of Directors 2AeroScout Founder Joins GlassesOff's Board of Directors 3Maryland-based Biotech Company's Path Forward in Treating Respiratory Diseases Sparks Name Change 2
... Large scale gene expression studies , ... purify high quality RNA from a large number of samples. Although the , ... both dsRNA production and , clean ... format. Thus for high-throughput applications, we recommend , ...
... with GeneChip , analysis , ... ng RNA in a single round , ... ArrayScript engineered M-MLV RT, engineered to maximize , yields ... synthesis powered by , MEGAscript, the best in vitro transcription technology , ...
... RNAi , screens with siRNA libraries, Ambion scientists identified ... screen results. , ... Reduce siRNA concentration Use , ... Correct for cell number Note ...
Cached Biology Technology:RNAi for High Throughput Analysis 2RNA Amplification Just Got Better: MessageAmp II 2RNA Amplification Just Got Better: MessageAmp II 3RNA Amplification Just Got Better: MessageAmp II 4RNA Amplification Just Got Better: MessageAmp II 5Recommendations for Successful siRNA Library Screens 2Recommendations for Successful siRNA Library Screens 3Recommendations for Successful siRNA Library Screens 4Recommendations for Successful siRNA Library Screens 5Recommendations for Successful siRNA Library Screens 6Recommendations for Successful siRNA Library Screens 7Recommendations for Successful siRNA Library Screens 8
ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 2 (rho family, small GTP binding protein Rac2)...
... dye terminators, template DNA, primers, salts or ... products have proved critical for both standard ... to work with dye terminator cycle sequencing ... The unique uniformity of the magnetic paeticles ...
Mature rat whole blood (Sprague-Dawley, averaging 7-8 weeks of age, either sex) is collected at the time of slaughter and processed within 45 minutes. It is then filtered through gauze, pooled in an ...
X-gal,1g...
Biology Products: