Navigation Links
Sweet fuel supply
Date:11/27/2007

A new type of fuel cell powered with glucose derived from biomass is described in the latest issue of the Inderscience Publication International Journal of Global Energy Issues. The experimental device works by using sunlight to convert the glucose into hydrogen to power the cell, which produces several hundred millivolts.

The use of biological resources, such as food waste and managed high-energy crops, are gradually becoming a viable approach to reducing our reliance on fossil fuels. However, imaginative ways to convert these materials into useful, electrical energy are still required. Renewable biomass resources include starch, cellulose, sucrose, and lactose. These complex sugar molecules can be readily converted to the much simpler glucose molecule with little energy cost through fermentation processes.

The glucose could then be used to release hydrogen using enzymes.

It is this last step that chemists Yutaka Amao and Yumi Takeuchi of Oita University, in Dannoharu, Japan, have focused on to build their glucose-powered fuel cell.

The researchers have built the device with a transparent conductive glass electrode coated with a highly colored molecule that can mimic the natural process of photosynthesis. This molecule is incorporated into light-absorbing titania. The coating can absorb energy from sunlight and release it into another chemical layer on the electrode. This is connected to a platinum electrode and the pair is immersed in a glucose solution to complete the circuit.

When light shines on the light-active electrode enzymes in the chemical layer are triggered to react with glucose molecules in the solution and release hydrogen ions, the dissolved hydrogen ions then attract electrons from the platinum electrode, which causes a current to flow through the wire connecting the electrodes.


'/>"/>

Contact: Yutaka Amao
amao@cc.oita-u.ac.jp
Inderscience Publishers
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. To maximize biofuel potential, researchers look for sorghums sweet spot
2. Sweet smell
3. Sweet potato shines as new promise for small enterprise and hunger relief in developing countries
4. How sweet is it?
5. Bee strategy helps servers run more sweetly
6. Ultraviolet light helps to secure water supply
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/16/2016)... --  IdentyTechSolutions America LLC , a leading provider ... a cutting-edge manufacturer of software and hardware security ... integrated solutions that comprise IDT biometric readers and ... IdentyTech,s customers with combined physical identification and anti-tailgating ... theft. "We are proud to use ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... -- ... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Global Military ... report forecasts the global military biometrics market to grow at a CAGR ... been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry ... the coming years. The report also includes a discussion of the key ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Dec. 8, 2016 Market Research Future published a half ... global Mobile Biometric Security and Service Market is expected to grow ... Market Highlights: ... , Mobile Biometric Security and ... the increasing need of authentication and security from unwanted cyber threats. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 24, 2017 , ... ... waist circumference, and increased serum leptin levels had a positive association with increased ... The study published in the International Neurourology Journal involved 571 Korean men ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... & Geneva, Switerland (PRWEB) , ... January 24, ... ... announce the first commercially available malaria Plasmodium falciparum culture panels with standard concentrations ... culture panels, which are available in a range of concentrations from six different ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... LAVAL, QC , Jan. 24, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - ProMetic ... the "Corporation") announced today that its orally active lead ... Medicine ("PIM") designation by the UK Medicines and Healthcare ... Syndrome ("AS"). A PIM designation is ... promising candidate for the Early Access to Medicines Scheme ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... Edward Buckler, Ph.D., a research geneticist ... Academy of Sciences Prize in Food and Agriculture Sciences. He is being honored ... Academy of Sciences (NAS) Prize in Food and Agriculture Sciences was established in ...
Breaking Biology Technology: