Navigation Links
Survival of the fittest -- ESF hosts session on the challenges of life in extreme environments
Date:3/16/2012

Have you ever wondered how life is sustained in environments like deserts, deep seas or the polar regions? How do organisms adapt and thrive in such harsh conditions, and what challenges do they face as a result of human activities and climate change, especially climate "extremization"? Shedding light on some of these issues is the objective of the European Science Foundation's (ESF) session on 27 March at Planet Under Pressure 2012. The session will look at different aspects of life in extreme environments - from knowledge to sustainable exploitation of new resources under growing pressures. Recognizing the pivotal role of extreme environments at planetary level, the ESF-hosted session will be also endorsed by the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) through the programme dedicated to land-atmosphere interactions (iLEAPS).

A selection of outstanding speakers from across Europe and the US will discuss emerging ideas about sustainable exploitation of novel resources, e.g. for food or non-food biotechnology, and fine-chemistry. The presentations will highlight research on biogeochemical cycles to understand the impacts of climate change and the ecosystem responses, and to provide knowledge about adaptation, land use change, and mitigation options.

This ESF-hosted session is a follow-up of the FP7-funded Coordinated Action for Research on Life in Extreme Environments (CAREX) project and strategic roadmap - a solid scientific consensus from a community of over 220 international experts studying life in every type of extreme environment - launched last year. CAREX's identified research priorities include life's response to climate and environmental change, its adaptation methods, understanding biodiversity and interactions within extreme environments, and finding limits of habitability which could inform the search for extraterrestrial life.

The ESF-hosted session will be split into four presentations:

  • Professor A. Altman, from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel, will shed light on the desert environments, highlighting plant-specific coping molecular and physiological mechanisms based on chaperone proteins that superintend the general metabolism under harsh environments
  • Dr D.S.M. Billet, from the National Oceanography Centre Southampton in the UK, will present an overview of mining in the deep sea and the issues surrounding protection of marine life
  • Dr C. Verde, from the Institute of Protein Biochemistry at the National Research Council in Italy, will report on Antarctic bacterial globins and their role in nitric oxide (NO) biology, highlighting how this and other findings may be exploited for sustainable exploitation of biological resources in extreme environments
  • Dr L.J. Rothschild, from the NASA Ames Research Center in the US, will focus on life in extreme environments from NASA's perspective

ESF's session is an opportunity for Planet Under Pressure's delegates to gain new perspectives on the latest research into life in extreme environments, to interact with leading scientists in the field, and to gain a real understanding of the pro-active role of CAREX so far, and its vision about future sustainable exploitation of life resources in the extreme environments.

ESF will be also hosting a side meeting, attendance by invitation only, on 27 March, on research on life in extreme environments, taking a retrospective look and an outlook at pressures on our planet and global change. Research on life in extreme environments provides outstanding opportunities to advance our fundamental scientific knowledge of the variety of life processes. It is also relevant to current societal challenges such as technological innovation, exploitation of novel compounds, advance knowledge on impacts of global change on biodiversity, and sustainable exploitation of resources, in turn alleviating pressures on our planet. To be properly and efficiently addressed, such an interdisciplinary area of knowledge (ranging from deep sea to polar regions to alpine ecology to astrobiology) requires the definition, coordination, and implementation of a holistic plan and policy in the future.

The outcome of this side meeting will see the publication of a vision paper on the scientific challenges and societal opportunities offered by research on life in extreme environments, as well as policy implications.


'/>"/>

Contact: Tom Reast
tom.reast@kaizo.co.uk
44-203-176-4721
European Science Foundation
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Second lumpectomy for breast cancer reduces survival rates
2. U of MN study shows link between gene variations and cancer survival
3. Similar survival rates for Pacific salmon in Fraser, Columbia Rivers raises new questions
4. Research challenges conventional notions about salmon survival
5. Salmon smolt survival similar in Columbia and Fraser rivers
6. Shared survival mechanism explains why good nerve cells last and bad cancer cells flourish
7. Survival in a Changing World: The Journal of Experimental Biology 2009 symposium
8. From seed to nuts: human ancestors face evolved to eat survival foods
9. Genetic adaptations key to microbes survival in challenging environment
10. Malaria parasite zeroes in on molecule to enhance its survival, team finds
11. Dana-Farber oncologists present at ASCO GU -- predict prostate cancer survival using Source MDx test
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/1/2016)... , February 1, 2016 ... advancements to drive global touchfree intuitive gesture control market ... --> Rising sales of consumer electronics coupled with ... control market size through 2020 ... electronics coupled with new technological advancements to drive global ...
(Date:1/28/2016)... SAN JOSE, Calif., Jan. 28, 2016 Synaptics (NASDAQ: ... financial results for its second quarter ended December 31, 2015. ... the second quarter of fiscal 2016 increased 2 percent compared to ... the second quarter of fiscal 2016 was $35.0 million, or $0.93 ... Non-GAAP net income for the first quarter of fiscal 2016 ...
(Date:1/25/2016)... -- Glencoe Software, the world-leading supplier of image data management ... the data management solution OMERO Plus for the newly ... Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160125/325328LOGO ... Phenotypic analysis measures the characteristics and behavior of cells, ... such as health and disease, the presence or absence ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... , February 11, 2016 ... ("PositiveID" or "Company") (OTCQB: PSID), a life sciences ... that its Thermomedics subsidiary, which markets the Caregiver® ... growth plan in January 2016, including entering into ... sequential monthly sales growth, and establishing several near-term ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Febr. 10, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - BioAmber Inc. (NYSE: BIOA ... announce that Mitsui & Co. Ltd., its partner in ... plant, is investing an additional CDN$25 million in the ... stake from 30% to 40%.  Mitsui will also play ... produced in Sarnia , providing dedicated ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 10, ... ... REGN) today announced that it has joined the Human Vaccines Project, a ... infectious diseases and cancer. , The Human Vaccines Project brings together ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... HOLLOWAY AMERICA, a leading custom ... Rocky Mountain Chapter 21st Annual Vendor Exhibition on Thursday, February 18, 2016. The ... for its annual event, which will run from 3:00 p.m. - 8:30 p.m. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: