The Brazilian Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE, National Institute for Space Research), operating under the auspices of the Ministrio da Cincia e Tecnologia (MCT, Ministry of Science and Technology), began the installation of a supercomputer to be used for the development and implementation of the Brazilian Global Climate System Model. The model is designed to analyze interactions among elements of the earth systemthe atmosphere, oceans, cryosphere, vegetation, and biogeochemical cyclesand will increase understanding of the influence that anthropogenic activities, such as the emission of greenhouse gases, changes in vegetation, and urbanization, have on the regional and global climate. The work will be carried out at the INPE Centro de Cincia do Sistema Terrestre (CCST, Earth System Sciences Center), in collaboration with the INPE Centro de Previso de Tempo e Estudos Climticos (CPTEC, Center for Weather Prediction and Climate Studies), the University of So Paulo, and the Federal University of Viosa, together with a number of other national and international institutions.
The new supercomputer will be used by researchers involved in the Global Climate Change Research Program, launched in 2008 by the Fundao de Amparo Pesquisa do Estado de So Paulo (FAPESP, So Paulo Research Foundation). The Program is aimed at developing a computational model for climate simulations of future scenarios and climate projections, even on timescales of decades or centuries. Therefore, the modeling will involve an immense number of variables and will require a commensurate amount of computational power. The researchers will also investigate technologies aimed at mitigating emissions and adapting to climate change; provide data to inform decisions regarding climate policies; and maintain archives of regional paleoclimatic observations.
Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz, scientific director of FAPESP, says that "FAPESP organized this research program in order to jo
|Contact: Fernando Cunha|
Fundao de Amparo Pesquisa do Estado de So Paulo