Navigation Links
'Super socks' help stem pollution runoff
Date:7/23/2010

This release is available in Spanish.

Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists and their collaborators have improved on an existing method for removing contaminants from storm water runoff. These findings could provide surface waters additional protection against runoff containing pollutants from point sources such as construction sites, storm waters and other urban landscapes.

"Filter socks" containing compost tucked into mesh tubes are used to capture some of the silt, heavy metals, fertilizers and petroleum products washed from compacted surface areas into nearby streams and rivers.

A group of scientists from the ARS Animal and Natural Resources Institute in Beltsville, Md., teamed with researchers from Filtrexx International, which manufactures the socks, to see if adding flocculation agents to the socks improved their performance. The ARS team included agronomist Eton Codling, microbiologist Dan Shelton and soil scientists Yakov Pachepsky and Ali Sadeghi. Their Filtrexx International partners were Britt Faucette and Fatima Cardoso-Gendreau.

Wastewater treatment plants use flocculation agents to help sediments and pollutants form clumps large enough to be filtered out of the water, even when the substances are in a dissolved state. The team added flocculation agents to compost socks and then ran laboratory tests to see how well the socks trapped sediment, coliforms, nitrates, E. coli bacteria, heavy metals and petroleum products in runoff after simulated "rain events."

The scientists found that compost socks alone removed the majority of clay and silt particles that contribute to suspended solids in surface waters. The socks also removed 17 percent of ammonium nitrogen, 75 percent of E. coli bacteria, and from 37 percent to 72 percent of the heavy metals. In addition, runoff levels of diesel fuel dropped 99 percent, levels of motor oil dropped 84 percent, and gasoline levels dropped 43 percent.

However, socks with flocculation agents removed even more of the pollutants from runoff, including 27 percent of the ammonium nitrogen, 99 percent of E. coli bacteria, 99 percent of the motor oil, 54 percent of the gasoline and from 47 percent to 74 percent of the heavy metals.


'/>"/>

Contact: Ann Perry
ann.perry@ars.usda.gov
301-504-1628
United States Department of Agriculture-Research, Education, and Economics
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Toward a new generation of superplastics
2. Supercharged proteins enter biologys forbidden zone
3. WSU researchers use super-high pressures to create super battery
4. Defense-scale supercomputing comes to alternative energy research
5. SuperPower and UH sign high temperature superconducting wire license agreements
6. Common house ants form supercolonies, prosper in urban settings
7. Light activated warhead turns modest molecules into super protein killers
8. Supermarket lighting enhances nutrient level of fresh spinach
9. Low levels of antibiotics cause multidrug resistance in superbugs
10. Zymes LLCs Omega-3 Enhanced Water OmegaChill to be Distributed at NFL Alumni Super Bowl XLIV Weekend Events on February 5-7th, 2010
11. Secrets to superb malting barleys explored by ARS researchers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/14/2016)... Allemagne, March 14, 2016 ... - --> - Renvoi : image disponible ... --> --> DERMALOG, ... fournit de nouveaux lecteurs d,empreintes digitales pour l,enregistrement ... DERMALOG sera utilisé pour produire des cartes d,identité ...
(Date:3/10/2016)... 10, 2016   Unisys Corporation (NYSE: UIS ... (CBP) is testing its biometric identity solution at the ... to help identify certain non-U.S. citizens leaving the country. ... designed to help determine the efficiency and accuracy of using ... and will run until May 2016. --> ...
(Date:3/8/2016)... March 8, 2016   Valencell , the ... announced it has secured $11M in Series D ... a new venture fund being launched by UAE-based ... from existing investors TDF Ventures and WSJ Joshua ... continue its triple-digit growth and accelerate its pioneering ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... May 02, 2016 , ... Meister ... mind, the fresh look and added functionality give the agricultural world a taste ... a dynamic shift in agriculture – from precision farming via satellites and Unmanned ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... Italy (PRWEB) , ... April 30, 2016 , ... The ... extraordinary textile design, the bioLogic team explored how bacterial properties can be applied to ... of using Natto bacteria, which move in response to humidity change. The team harvested ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... , April 29, 2016 ... Transparency Market Research "Separation Systems for Commercial Biotechnology ... Trends, and Forecast 2015 - 2023", the separation ... US$ 10,665.5 Mn in 2014 and is projected ... 2015 to 2023 to reach US$ 19,227.8 Mn ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... Intelligent Implant ... by the FDA via 510(k) for sale in the United States. These components ... posterior thoraco-lumbar fusions. With one-level sales beginning in October of 2015, the company ...
Breaking Biology Technology: